Other early landowners included Dr. Daniel Coxe, Christopher Wetherill, Elizabeth Pope, John Watson, and Mahlon Stacy. Scudder, Howell, Reeder, and Jones families settled in shortly afterwards. Many were British immigrants, but several families relocated from Long Island, NY. Until 1714, this area was considered part of Hopewell Township in Burlington County. That year, Hopewell became part of the new Hunterdon County, and in 1719 the area now called Ewing became part of Trenton Township, Hunterdon County. It wasn't until 1834 when Ewing Township was legislated, named after Chief Justice Charles Ewing who had died a couple of years earlier.
The Township maintained a rural, agricultural identity, with only scattered population 'centers' in the villages of Birmingham, Brookville, Ewing, Ewingville, and Greensburg, until the end of the 19th century. A growing system of streetcars, trains, and trolleys allowed industrialists and workers the opportunity to live outside of the city environs, and by the early 20th century, Ewing Township became increasingly residential in character. With the introduction of major industries to the township, most notably, the construction of the General Motors plant in 1938, the township population exploded. As communities moved into the suburbs of Ewing, many of their institutions followed. One notable result of that movement is the Louis I. Kahn Bath House and Day Camp complex. Commissioned in 1954 as the new campus for the Trenton Jewish Community Center, the buildings today are considered a pivotal design by one of the acknowledged masters of modern architecture.
- Ewing Township website (history) http://ewingnj.org/administration/about-ewing/
- Ewing Township Historic Preservation Society www.ethps.org/
- Rootsweb: www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~njmercer/Mun/EwingHis.htm
27 Federal City Road at Violet Cox Drive, Ewing 883-2455
Louis I. Kahn Bath House & Day Camp: http://home.mindspring.com/~kahnpage/bathhouse/index.html
999 Lower Ferry Road, Ewing NJ
Trenton Psychiatric Hospital (has a display on founder Dorothea Lynde Dix in its main administration building) http://www.forgottenphotography.com/trenton/index1.html
West Trenton Station, Sullivan Way
on the National Registry, but not open to the public:
(William) Green House, Green Lane [on the College of New Jersey campus]
Green-Reading House, 107 Wilburtha Rd.