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State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

State of New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
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(UCAMPP) 2010

The overall objective of the Urban Community Air Toxics Monitoring Project, Paterson City, NJ (UCAMPP) is to obtain data which will assist the NJDEP in formulating risk reduction strategies related to air toxics. It is well established that air quality is a health concern nationwide because concentrations of air toxics are above health benchmarks for most air toxics. Presently, we monitor air toxics by placing monitors so they capture general population exposures. The USEPA recognizes there are limited data on specific geographic locations, such as Paterson, so they decided to solicit for projects that will collect community based air toxics information. UCAMPP will determine which pollutants are a health concern in an urban environment, where they come from, and then identify risk reduction strategies. This will be accomplished through the characterization of local air toxics related to different land use patterns in a highly industrialized urban community. Air toxics monitors will be strategically placed at monitoring stations in community-oriented locations that will capture industrial, commercial and mobile source dominated emissions. Two of the monitoring stations will be located at Paterson public schools allowing UCAMPP to measure the community's potential for exposure.

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UCAMPP will:
1) characterize the spatial resolution of local air toxics;
2) determine concentration gradients;
3) identify source signatures from various land use(s);
4) evaluate modeling results using monitoring data;
5) field test new sampling and analyses techniques for air toxics that are currently difficult to quantify;
6) characterize the concerns of an Environmental Justice (EJ) community;
7) provide information and develop tools so that the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJ DEP) and the local community can better address exposure and risk issues related to air toxics; and
8) identify risk reduction strategies. This study will serve as a pilot project and provide valuable information that can be applied to other communities around the state and the nation.
Paterson City (Paterson) in Passaic County, NJ, was chosen for this project because it is a mixed-use urban community with high population density and has all the characteristics of an environmental justice community. The NJDEP has existing programs that are addressing some of the air toxics problems in this community including a Compliance & Enforcement Initiative, an air toxics risk evaluation (a NJDEP contribution to UCAMPP) and a PM2.5 monitor. The NJDEP has committed to providing additional resources, e.g., the staff time needed for data management/assessment and a portion of sample collection and analyses.

UCAMPP identified a suite of air toxics from an initial NJ emissions inventory and from the targeted compounds from the grant solicitation. Three monitoring sites have been identified which target specific land use types, i.e., industrial, commercial and mobile. A background site has also been identified. Sampling frequency will be every six days over the course of a year and is slated to begin either in November of 2005.

The NJDEP will partner with the Environmental Occupational Health Science Institute (EOHSI). Researchers at EOSHI have developed new and advanced techniques for measuring air toxics e.g., acrolein and hexavalent chromium. EOHSI will donate some of the equipment and the personnel necessary for sample collection, a portion of the sample/data analyses, and a small pilot study to field-test their new methods.

UCAMPP is also partnering with the Paterson Public Schools District (District). Thistoric picturehe District has agreed to allow UCAMPP to place air toxics monitoring equipment at two of their public schools, i.e., PS#2 & PS#10, to capture mobile and industrial source oriented emissions, respectively. These two locations are nestled in residential areas and will serve as a platform that will allow the NJDEP to determine what the citizens residing and working in the neighborhood around the schools are being exposed to. High school student interns will participate as part of their science education. Dr. Bonanno will incorporate an educational component for the students which will explain what air toxics are, health effects, how they are regulated, risk reduction strategies and employment opportunities.

This study will benefit many different areas including but not limited to:
• technical/scientific (e.g., the field testing of new techniques and analytic procedures);
• regulatory (e.g., evaluation of modeling results with monitoring data);
• enforcement (e.g., possible identification of facilities out of compliance) and community-based, rather than facility-based, characterization of air toxics;
• social (e.g., through community outreach and education, addressing the concerns of an Environmental Justice Community, employment opportunities for students); and
• risk reduction.

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Division of Science, Research and Environmental Health
Dr. Gary A. Buchanan, Director
Mailing Address:
Mail code 428-01, P.O. Box 420
Trenton, NJ 0862

Phone: (609) 984-6070
Fax: (609) 292-7340