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Living with the Future in Mind
Goals and Indicators for New Jersey's Quality of Life
First Annual Update to the Sustainable State Project Report 2000

Indicator 23


Additional  Healthy People  Indicators

22 - Life Expectancy

24 - Asthma

25 - Workplace Fatalities

Infectious Diseases

The rate of occurrence of newly reported cases of tuberculosis, AIDS, and syphilis in New Jersey: Decreasing

  Things to think about 

From 1986 through 1998, the active TB case rate among the minority population was much greater than that for the white population.

The most effective and inexpensive way to fight sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and HIV is not through treatment after exposure, but rather through education and prevention.

Chlamydia cases have been rising dramatically in New Jersey: from 1,716 cases in 1991 to 11,683 in 1998.

Importance

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant public health problem in New Jersey. At the same time, many of the infectious diseases that we face in New Jersey are preventable. Prompt identification, effective treatment, and reducing the risk of transmission are the keys to controlling infectious diseases and the hallmarks of an effective health care system. In general, we can reduce the rates of sexually transmitted disease and most other infectious diseases through better education about sex and better access to basic health care.

Economic

These illnesses are expensive in every way. They cost our health care budgets directly. They also lead to lost earnings and lowered productivity. They burden our social and familial relationships that are the building blocks of our economy.

Environmental

Environmental and health indicators often move in tandem. Healthy people create successful societies that continually improve social, environmental, and economic indicators. In other places, though, high rates of disease and other problems build vicious cycles that worsen a range of indicators, from environment to health.

Social

The illness rates as shown by this indicator are also indicative of a number of other diseases and health-related issues. The likelihood of getting any one of these illnesses is related to education and socioeconomic status. 

Knowledge Gaps

We need data for other infectious diseases as well. It would also be useful to have measures that illuminate the differences in harm caused by various diseases, so as to distinguish, for example, between deadly diseases such as HIV and less deadly ones such as chlamydia. It is also necessary to have consistently collected data on the underlying social, economic, and environmental conditions that promote the spread of all infectious disease.

Data Source: NJ Department of Health & Senior Services

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Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2006
Department of Environmental Protection
P. O. Box 402
Trenton, NJ 08625-0402

Last Modified: April 27, 2007

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