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Freshwater Fish of New Jersey

There are approximately 450 species of vertebrate wildlife which can be found within the Garden State, along with 85 freshwater fish. Our bays, estuaries and marine waters can be home to 28 marine mammals and 336 marine finfish at some point during the year. This is an exceptional number of species for a state as small as New Jersey. The table below lists freshwater fish which can be found, along with their historical status as defined below:
Abbreviations:
E - Exotic
EX - Extirpated
N - Native
I - Introduced

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME HISTORICAL PRESENCE
Petromyzontidae:
American Brook Lamprey Lampetra appendix N
Sea Lamprey Petromyzon marinus N
Acipenseridae:
Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrhynchus N
Shortnose Sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum N
Lepisosteidae:
Longnose Gar Lepisosteus osseus EX
Amiidae:
Bowfin Amia calva I
Anguillidae:
American Eel Anguilla rostrata N
Clupeidae:
Blueback Herring Alosa aestivalis N
Hickory Shad Alosa mediocris N
Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus N
American Shad Alosa sapidissima N
Gizzard Shad Drosoma cepedianum N
Salmonidae:
Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss I
Brown Trout Salmo trutta E
Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis N
Lake Trout Salvelinus namaycush I
Osmeridae:
Rainbow Smelt Osmerus mordax N
Umbridae:
Eastern Mudminnow Umbra pygmaea N
Esocidae:
Redfin Pickerel Esox americanus N
Northern Pike Esox lucius I
Chain Pickerel Esox niger N
Muskellunge Esox masquinongy I
Cyprinidae:
Goldfish Carassius auratus E
Common Carp Cyprinus carpio E
Quillback Carpiodes cyprinus N
Cutlip Minnow Exoglossum maxillingua N
Eastern Silvery Minnow Hybognathus regius N
Golden Shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas N
Comely Shiner Notropis amoenus N
Satinfin Shiner Cyprinella analostana N
Bridle Shiner Notropis bifrenatus N
Ironcolor Shiner Notropis chalybaeus N
Common Shiner Luxilis cornutus N
Spottail Shiner Notropis husdonius N
Swallowtail Shiner Notropis procne N
Spotfin Shiner Cyprinella spiloptera N
Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas I
Bluntnose Minnow Pimephales notatus I
Blacknose Dace Rhinichthys atratulus N
Longnose Dace Rhinichthys cataractae N
Creek Chub Semotilus atromaculatus N
Fallfish Semotilus corporalis N
Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella E
Catostomidae:
White Sucker Catostomus commersoni N
Creek Chubsucker Erimyzon oblongus N
Northern Hog Sucker Hypentelium nigricans N
Ictaluridae:
White Catfish Ameiurus catus N
Black Bullhead Ameiurus melas I
Yellow Bullhead Ameiurus natalis N
Brown Bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus N
Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus I
Tadpole Madtom Noturus gyrinus N
Margined Madtom Noturus insignis N
Aphredoderidae:
Pirate Perch Aphredoderus sayanus N
Cyprinodontidae:
Banded Killifish Fundulus diaphanus N
Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus N
Poeciliidae:
Eastern Mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki N
Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis I
Gasterosteidae:
Fourspine Stickleback Apletes quadracus N
Threespoine Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus N
Ninespine Stickleback Pungitius pungitius N
Moronidae:
White Perch Morone americana N
Striped Bass Morone saxatilis N
Centrarchidae:
Mud Sunfish Acantharchus pomotis N
Rock Bass Ambloplites rupestris I
Blackbanded Sunfish EIeacanthus chaetodon N
Bluespotted Sunfish EIeacanthus gloriosus N
Banded Sunfish EIeacanthus obesus N
Green Sunfish Lepomis cyanellus I
Pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus N
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus I
Redbreast Sunfish Lepomis auritus N
Warmouth Lepomis gulosus I
Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieu I
Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides I
White Crappie Pomoxis annularis I
Black Crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus I
Percidae:
Swamp Darter Etheostoma fusiforme N
Tessellated Darter Etheostoma olmstedi N
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens N
Shield Darter Percina peltata N
Walleye Sander vitreus I
Cottidae:
Slimy Sculpin Cottus cognatus N
Cobitidae:
Oriental Weatherfish Misgurnus anguillicaudatus E
Soleidae:
Hogchoker Trinectes maculatus N

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Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2005
Department of Environmental Protection
P. O. Box 402
Trenton, NJ 08625-0402

Last Updated: October 3, 2005