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This monthly feature highlights recent and fascinating National Register listings and eligible properties, tax act projects, compliance review success stories, as well as outstanding local efforts in New Jersey’s historic preservation efforts.

School’s Out at the Boylan Street School

Newark, NJ

Open Air School Gate, Newark, NJ, 2004
Photo courtesy of Richard Grubb & Associates

The Boylan Street School in Newark, NJ opened its doors on September 8, 1930 as the State’s first Open Air School. It was designed exclusively for local children who had tuberculosis, or who were at high risk of contracting the disease, and incorporated the flow of fresh air throughout the building. For example, the majority of the second floor contained windows without glass (but, possibly with screens) to allow for constant air flow.

The building was unusual among other Newark public schools for its Art Moderne styling, and its purposely specialized architecture that combined sanatorium-style medical treatment and academic studies. Façades were designed to maximize natural light and fresh air. The entire western half of the second floor was a covered porch large enough to contain 100 cots where students took daily outdoor rests.

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People, Programs and Resources
for New Jersey's Heritage...

New Jersey's Historic Preservation Office, located within the Department of Environmental Protection, brings expertise in a variety of fields essential to preserving historic resources. We count among our staff historians, researchers, planners, architectural historians, architects, engineers, and archaeologists. We respond to more than 40,000 calls yearly from people working to preserve, protect and promote New Jersey's historic resources. Whether you are interested in establishing a local historic district, nominating a building to the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places, or just interested in restoring your house, you can find information and guidance by following the links on this page.

General Information:


501 East State Street
Plaza Building 5
4th Floor


Mail Code 501-04B
State of New Jersey
Department of Environmental Protection
Historic Preservation Office
PO Box 420
Trenton, NJ 08625-0420

TEL: (609) 984-0176
FAX: (609) 984-0578

This publication has been financed in part with federal funds from the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, and administered by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Historic Preservation Office. The contents and opinions do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of the Interior. This program receives federal financial assistance for the identification and protection of historic properties. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the U.S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, or handicap in its federally assisted programs.If you believe that you have been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility as described above, or if you desire further information, please write to: Office of Equal Opportunity, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, NW (NC200), Washington D.C. 20240.

Photo Credits: IDENTIFY - "White Manna Diner" courtesy Leon Yost; PROTECT - "Trenton War Memorial Flagpole" courtesy Vitetta Group; PRESERVE - "State House Annex" courtesy NJ Division of Building and Construction; SUSTAIN - "Operation Archaeology" courtesy Union County Office of Cultural & Heritage Affairs.

[Get Acrobat Reader] Documents on this site noted as "PDF Format" require Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Please Note: You may need to upgrade to Version 4.0 for all PDF Documents to load successfully. If you have trouble downloading any documents on this website, hard copies may be requested by contacting the HPO; see contact information above.
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Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2007
Department of Environmental Protection
P. O. Box 402
Trenton, NJ 08625-0402

Last Updated: August 28, 2015

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