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Borehole Geophysical Methods

The various borehole geophysical tools used for logging wells employ the same geophysical principles as for the surface methods. The most common tools include natural gamma ray, self potential, resistivity, induction, porosity/density, and caliper devices.

Borehole geophysics is used for mapping the hydrogeologic framework of an aquifer, locating concentrated plumes of ground-water contamination, and identifying other subsurface features such as natural-occurring voids and radioactive horizons.

Sample of a geophysical log

Geophysical Log

For more information on borehole geophysical methods, please refer to Chapter 8 (Geophysical Techniques) of the NJDEP's Field Sampling Procedures Manual, 2005.


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Copyright State of New Jersey, 1996-
Department of Environmental Protection
Geological and Water Survey
P. O. Box 420
Mail Code:29-01
Trenton, NJ 08625-0420

Phone: (609) 292-1185
FAX: (609) 633-1004