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Wreck Pond Outfall Pipe




 

Wreck Pond Watershed Restoration - Action Plan
Updated October, 2014

  1. Action Item - Call for Research, Engineering reports and Analytical Monitoring Data 

    Wreck Pond has received a significant amount of study over the years producing a vast amount of analytical monitoring data.  The Department has identified and gathered all research, engineering reports and existing analytical data on Wreck Pond Watershed.

    Completed Milestone

    • Initial call for research and data was sent via email on August 15, 2011; Deadline for data research and data was August 29, 2011.
    • The Department received a large amount of information specifically from U.S. Geological Survey, Monmouth University, Monmouth County, Monmouth County Health Department, Leon S. Avakian, Inc – Consulting Engineers, Najarian Associates, AECOM, Stevens Institute of Technology and the US Army Corps of Engineers.
    • All data received has been reviewed and converted into a useable electronic format.

    Next Steps: 

    • Continuous and new intermittent data will be gathered and converted into a useable electronic format on a bimonthly basis.

    Ownership:
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring

    Implementation:
    Ongoing

    It’s not too late to submit, if you have research studies or analytical data on Wreck Pond, please contact Sheri Shifren.

  2. Action Item  - Website and Database Development

    A Wreck Pond Watershed Restoration web site will be developed into a single source of information on the status of the project to be used by all entities involved in Wreck Pond including the public.  The site will house all research and studies identified in Action Item 1 as well as a searchable custom database with all monitoring data.  The site will also spatially display monitoring data on an interactive GIS map.  The site assists in the coordination of activities, educational events and monitors progress.

    Completed Milestone

    • Web site and interactive GIS map with all monitoring data has been completed.

    Next Steps: 

    • The web site will be updated on a semi-annual basis to incorporate new data and progress.

    Ownership
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Office of Information Resource Management

    Implementation: Ongoing

  3. Action Item – Infrastructure Mapping, Inspection, Assessment and Repair/Replacement

    Municipalities within the Wreck Pond Watershed (Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights) have supplied the Department with sanitary sewer and storm sewer system maps (including location of stormwater outfalls and any stormwater Best Management Practices) for their entire municipally owned system.  In addition, the municipalities have supplied the Department with engineering reports summarizing results of inspections, video taping or smoke testing of the systems to determine its integrity and function.

    Any gaps identified in mapping, inspection or assessment shall be resolved. 

    Action item goal is to identify areas within the storm sewer and/or sanitary sewer system that are failing, leaking, broken or otherwise not functioning as designed and have them repaired and/or replaced.  Funding opportunities (grants, loans or partial grants/loan blends) will be identified in Action Item 7.  A secondary goal is to have complete GIS coverage of the watershed's sanitary and stormwater infrastructure (including Manufactured Treatment Devices) and to use this tool to identify areas within the system which may be contributing to the impairment.

    Completed Milestone

    • All four municipalities have submitted sanitary and storm sewer system maps.
    • Spring Lake received a US Environmental Protection Agency grant ($198,000) to conduct the infrastructure assessment of their sanitary and storm sewer systems in Spring Lake and Sea Girt areas that drain to Wreck Pond and Baltimore Blvd.  This included cleaning, video, GPS and GIS of the system as well as identifying suspected illicit connections, and an engineering report with prioritized list of sanitary and storm sewer repairs and replacements in Spring Lake and Sea Girt.
    • Under the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection’s FFY2013 Clean Water Priority System Intended Use Plan and Project Priority List, the Wreck Pond area was identified to receive loans up to $525,000 in principal forgiveness to local government units to repair and/or replace sanitary and stormwater sewers that are identified during the infrastructure assessment as having leaks and cracks.

    Next Steps: 
    • Spring Lake will bid and award the project; and begin improvements.

    Ownership:  
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation:
    Spring Lake will bid and award the project January 2015
    Repair and/or Replacements Spring 2015
    Spring Lake will continue to maintain a prioritized list of sanitary and storm sewer repairs and replacements with an implementation schedule.

  4. Action Item – Identify, Fund and Replace Broken (privately owned) Laterals

    Sewer laterals carry sanitary waste from private homes to the municipal sanitary sewer and are the responsibility of the individual homeowner.  It is suspected that many of the older homes in Sea Girt and Spring Lake have broken or cracked laterals.  Sewage from these laterals leak into the sandy soil and easily infiltrates, during storm events, into broken, cracked or poorly grouted storm sewer pipes.  While the municipality is responsible for repairs to the municipal separate storm sewer, homeowners are liable for the cost of replacing broken laterals. 

    Action item goal is to identify and repair broken laterals, prioritizing suspected problem areas such as Ocean Ave in Spring Lake and Baltimore Blvd. in Sea Girt.  Once broken laterals are identified, homeowners may be directed to repair or replace broken laterals at their own expense or municipalities may consider pass through funding using outside sources.

    Completed Milestone:

    • Spring Lake received a US Environmental Protection Agency grant ($198,000) to conduct the infrastructure assessment of their sanitary and storm sewer systems in Spring Lake and Sea Girt areas that drain to Wreck Pond and Baltimore Blvd.  This included cleaning, video, GPS and GIS of the system as well as identifying suspected illicit connections, and an engineering report with prioritized list of sanitary and storm sewer repairs and replacements in Spring Lake and Sea Girt.
    • Under the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection’s FFY2013 Clean Water Priority System Intended Use Plan and Project Priority List, the Wreck Pond area was identified to receive loans up to $525,000 in principal forgiveness to local government units to repair and/or replace sanitary and stormwater sewers that are identified during the infrastructure assessment as having leaks and cracks.

    Next Steps: 

    • Spring Lake will bid and award the project; and begin improvements.

    Ownership:
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heightsa

    Implementation
    Bid and award infrastructure improvements project January 2015
    Repair and/or Replacements Spring 2015
    Spring Lake will continue to maintain a prioritized list of sanitary and storm sewer repairs and replacements with an implementation schedule.

  5. Action Item – Monitoring Plan / Microbial Source Tracking

    A thorough review and assessment of all monitoring data collected (Action Item 1) shall be completed.  Monitoring points and data will be displayed on a GIS map of the watershed along with sanitary sewer and storm sewer systems (Action Items 2 & 3).  Any gaps in monitoring data will become part of a monitoring plan.  All existing data evaluated and future monitoring will build on prior studies. Use proven techniques such as optical brighteners, antibiotic resistance and coliphage and new techniques such as Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) to identify sources of bacteria.  

    Action item goal is to design and implement intensive monitoring based on existing data and pollution source surveys (Action Item 7).  Data needed includes quality, quantity, salinity (mixing) and hydrologic response.  A clear understanding of how the watershed responds (during storm events) including the time of travel of stormwater from the upper watershed to the ocean outfall and the bacterial load during the duration of the event.  This data will help determine the extent of the impairment within the watershed.  Implement corrective actions and follow-up monitoring to determine effectiveness of corrective actions.

    Completed Milestone

    • All data submitted to date has been reviewed, assessed, evaluated, and displayed on the interactive GIS map including sanitary sewer system.
    • 12/2013 - Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring conducted the third round sampling (influent/effluent) of four new Manufactured Treatment Devices (MTDs) in Spring Lake and Sea Girt and the discharge from Essex Ave to assess the effects of redirecting Spring Lake’s discharge directly to the Atlantic Ocean (and no longer discharging to Wreck Pond).  
    • 2/2012 – A gap in data was identified and Storm Study was completed for Spring Lake Heights to determine if an infrastructure assessment is needed.  12 new monitoring stations were created, a second round of sampling the four MTDs was completed and two new additional MTDs were sampled.
    • 3/2013 - Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring completed a 48 hour storm study monitoring bacteria and total suspended solids every 30 minutes at 6 stations, and grabbed 4 beach samples and one additional outfall sample every 12 hours in addition to analyzing for salinity, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity, pH and temperature with the YSI meter at the 6 automatic sampling stations.  A spatial analysis, inverse distance weighting has been conducted on this data.
    • 2012/2013 – Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring began collecting wet weather monitoring after every rain event at the 4 wreck pond beach stations, the wreck pond outfall (inside the pond) and Ocean Ave outfall (inside the pond), as well as Baltimore Blvd Outfall and the 3 beach stations surrounding Baltimore Blvd Outfall.
    • 2014 - Wreck Pond Beach Rainfall Precautionary Closure Policy lifted and replaced with wet weather monitoring at the 4 Wreck Pond beaches surrounding the outfall.  A precautionary closure policy was implemented to close the 4 Wreck Pond beaches during discharge from Wreck Pond through the emergency spillway.

    Next Steps:

    • Identify additional gaps in data, if any.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation:
    Continue to monitor wet weather at the 4 Wreck Pond beaches in season.
    Continue to implement the precautionary closure policy during discharge from Wreck Pond through the emergency spillway.

  6. Action Item – Identifying Sources of Funding / Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Regional Restoration Plan

    Potential funding sources shall be identified such as EPA (EPA CARE grants), Section 319(h) watershed restoration grants, Clean Water NJ funds, Infrastructure Trust loan/grant to fund capital improvements (sanitary and storm sewer upgrades – Action Item 3), replacement and repair of sewer laterals (Action Item 4), infrastructure inspection (video of sanitary sewer lines and laterals), and education and outreach (Action Item 8).  Green Acres funding could potentially be used for purchase of stream buffers in upper watershed (Action Item 7).

    Eligibility for 319 funds is partly contingent on the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Regional Plan/Watershed Based Implementation Plan being approved by NJDEP – Division of Water Monitoring and Standards, Bureau of Environmental Analysis, Restoration and Standards.  A goal of Action Item 6 is to ensure that the restoration plan is approved.

    Completed Milestone:

    • Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Regional Stormwater Management Plan/Watershed-Based Implementation Plan was revised and submitted in September 2011 to the Land Use Management - Division of Policy Implementation and Watershed Restoration for review.
    • Determined the lack of water quality benefits and permitting hurdles preclude the continuation of the Ridgewood Rd and Keller’s Pond projects. 
    • NJDOT conducted restoration of three culvert outfalls along Route 34 in Wall Township: including replacing headwall, removing silt, sediment & debris from streambed and outfall area, removing vegetative overgrowth, restoring slopes to original grade using rip-rap, and stabilizing disturbed areas with seed, mulch & topsoil matting.
    • Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering has amended their CBT and 1985 Wastewater Grant to contract with Najarian Associates to write the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan.  This was submitted to the Division of Water Monitoring and Standards Bureau of Environmental Analysis, Restoration and Standards in January 2014, and comments were provided in August 2014.
    • US Fish & Wildlife received a $2 Million Hurricane Sandy National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Department of Interior Grant to improve aquatic conductivity in Wreck Pond.  The priority project is to install a secondary outfall pipe with a sluice gate.  Projected costs are ~ $4 Million.  Spring Lake sold borough property and have committed to spending the proceeds towards the project with the objective of flood reduction.  DEP has committed to spending $600k in remaining 319 funding towards the project with the objective of water quality by increasing the natural tidal flow.

    Next Steps: 

    • Submit revisions and obtain Department approval of Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan
    • Select new projects within the watershed in the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan and apply for 319 funding in 2015.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Land Use Management, Green Acres, Solid Waste
    NJDOT
    Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee
    Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering
    Najarian Associates
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation:
    Submit revisions of Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan January 2015
    Select new projects and apply for 319 funding winter 2015
    Secure funding for secondary outfall pipe January 2015

  7. Action Item – Identifying Land Use Cover/ Preserving Buffers in Upper Watershed

    One of the most important factors that can affect the quality of a surface-water body is the land use within its watershed. Using GIS satellite imagery, existing GIS Land Use Coverage layers and ground truthing (pollution source surveys), identify land uses and how those land uses may contribute to impairment of the Wreck Pond Watershed.  Identify and inspect Animal Feeding Operations (horse, cattle, and poultry farms) to ensure proper nutrient management plans are in effect.  Use GIS to identify parcels of open space available to preserve stream buffers in the upper watershed. 

    Completed Milestones:

    • Existing GIS coverages provided by Monmouth County Office of GIS
    • Aerial assessment of the watershed

    Next Steps:  

    • The Wreck Pond Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan will identify possible sites for stream bank restoration, and stormwater management.
    • Rutgers Cooperative Extension to re-inspect AFOs within watershed and evaluate manure handling practices.

    Ownership:
    Rutgers Cooperative Extension
    Monmouth County Office of GIS
    Freehold Soil Conservation District
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring

    Implementation: May 1, 2014 and Ongoing

  8. Action Item – Public Outreach and Education

    Develop and expand a public education and outreach program within the watershed to target permanent residents, summer residents and vacationers.  Effectively communicate impacts of non-point source pollution and how individual’s actions affect water quality.  Leverage the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee’s existing public education campaign.  Apply for EPA’s CARE grant.  Work with municipalities to post educational information on beaches and pass out information with beach badges.  Accelerate public education campaign for summer 2013.

    Completed Milestones:

    • An Education and Outreach Plan has been completed.
    • Watershed Ambassador conducted 7 school presentations and teacher training in 2012.
    • NJDEP, Rutgers Cooperative Extension and Clean Ocean Action have conducted three build a rain barrel workshops that include Stormwater Pollution Prevention Workshop Seminars (June 2012, March 2013 and July 2013).
    • NJDEP, Clean Ocean Action and Watershed Ambassadors conducted a Watershed Wellness (clean-up) Day in all four municipalities (March 2013).
    • Wreck Pond walking tour and watershed demonstration (June2013).
    • Clean Ocean Action completed a Wreck Pond awareness program (Wreck Pond Pals).

    Next Steps

    • The Department will organize and schedule “Green Infrastructure Seminar for Decision Makers”.

    Ownership:
    DEP - Clean Water NJ
    Clean Ocean Action
    Rutgers Cooperative Extension
    AmeriCorps Watershed Ambassador
    Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Education Committee

    Implementation: Ongoing

  9. Action Item – Identify and Implement Watershed Restoration/Water Quality Projects

    Identify and implement watershed restoration and water quality/quantity projects to improve overall water quality within the Wreck Pond Watershed.  Projects should address one or more of the following pollutants of concern: pathogens/bacteria, suspended solids, nutrients and/or quantity.

    Assist Monmouth County with the implementation of plans to dredge parts of the Wreck Pond Watershed and identify other areas for localized dredging.  Investigate the feasibility and cost of larger scale dredging project and sources of funding.  Further study the sediments in Wreck Pond and whether they contribute to elevated bacteria levels.  Investigate whether dredging would help in the restoration of the watershed.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Monmouth County successfully completed phase one dredging project of Wreck Pond west of RT 71.
    • Monmouth County successfully completed phase two dredging project of Wreck Pond between the outfall and 1st Ave Bridge.
    • Met with Stony Brook Millstone Watershed Association to discuss successes within their watershed.
    • Conducted extensive site investigations at Keller’s Pond and Ridgewood Road project sites to ascertain the viability of the projects.
    • Met with the Freehold Soil Conservation District (FSCD) to discuss stream assessments that had been completed for Wreck Pond Brook Watershed in 2005.  FSCD provided NJDEP with a prioritized list of stream bank restoration sites based on their assessment, property owners and accessibility, and a list of all stormwater basins locations in the watershed.
    • Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering has amended their CBT and 1985 Wastewater Grant to contract with Najarian Associates and Avakian Engineering to construct a conceptual design of a living shoreline and berm along the north bank of Wreck Pond.
    • Monmouth County received permit for phase three dredging project of Wreck Pond to the west of the 1st Ave. Bridge.
    • US Fish & Wildlife received a $2 Million Hurricane Sandy National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Department of Interior Grant to improve aquatic conductivity in Wreck Pond.  The priority project is to install a secondary outfall pipe with a sluice gate.  Projected costs are ~ $4 Million.  Spring Lake sold borough property and have committed to spending the proceeds towards the project with the objective of flood reduction.  DEP has committed to spending $600k in remaining 319 funding towards the project with the objective of water quality by increasing the natural tidal flow.

    Next Steps: 

    • Monmouth County begin phase three of dredging Wreck Pond west of 1st Ave Bridge.
    • Complete Conceptual Design for a Living Shoreline and Berm along the north bank of Wreck Pond.

    Ownership:
    Monmouth County
    FSCD
    Najarian Associates
    Avakian Engineering
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Land Use Management

    Implementation:
    Begin phase three dredging of Wreck Pond in 2015
    Complete Conceptual Design for a Living Shoreline and Berm January 2015


  10. Action Item – Flood Control

    Superstorm Sandy breached the sand dune revealing an emergency spillway for Wreck Pond.  The emergency spillway eliminates the need for a permanent pump system.  A DEP Beach and Dune Maintenance Permit and Emergency Authorization allows for temporary excavation and re-grading of sand to the east of the spillway in an emergency flooding situation.  The emergency spillway is able to discharge the water from the pond when it reaches an elevation of 2.5 feet above sea level.  This alleviates flooding.  During a coastal surge it is necessary to prevent the ocean tidal water from filling the pond.  Spring Lake is exploring a sluice gate to prevent the coastal surge.  Spring Lake and NJDEP are also exploring the incorporation of a berm around certain areas of Wreck Pond of 18”-2’ to prevent flooding as part of the living shoreline project.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Spring Lake received an emergency permit from NJDEP to rebuild the Brown Ave dune with a filtered, soil compacted core.
    • Spring Lake has excavated and regarded the beach to the east of the emergency spillway several times since October 2012 to alleviate flooding in accordance with their Dune and Beach Maintenance Permit.
    • Spring Lake installed a sluice gate on the existing outfall structure to prohibit coastal surge during predicted risk flooding storms.
    • Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering has amended their CBT and 1985 Wastewater Grant to contract with Najarian Associates and Avakian Engineering to construct a conceptual design of a living shoreline and berm along the north bank of Wreck Pond.
    • US Fish & Wildlife received a $2 Million Hurricane Sandy National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Department of Interior Grant to improve aquatic conductivity in Wreck Pond.  The priority project is to install a secondary outfall pipe with a sluice gate.  Projected costs are ~ $4 Million.  Spring Lake sold borough property and have committed to spending the proceeds towards the project with the objective of flood reduction.  DEP has committed to spending $600k in remaining 319 funding towards the project with the objective of water quality by increasing the natural tidal flow.

      Next Steps: 
      • Complete Conceptual Design for a Living Shoreline incorporating berm along the north bank of Wreck Pond.
      • Secure additional funding for second outfall pipe and finalize design.

      Ownership:  Spring Lake Borough

      Implementation:
      Conceptual Design for berm January 2015
      Secure additional funding for second outfall pipe and finalize design January 2015

  11. Action Item – Increase Tidal Influence/Mixing

    Investigate the effects of the extension of the Wreck pond outfall on the tidal flow and mixing within Wreck Pond.  Study whether the change had a detrimental effect on pond health and whether changes to promote more tidal influence and mixing would improve conditions and help restore the water body.  The existing outlet structure may restrict flows into, and out of, the watershed.  This delayed response prevents rapid mixing of stormwater with the ocean during and after a rain event and results in negative water quality from the storm to impact localized beaches over a longer time period (48-72 hours).

    The action item goal is to restore a natural tidal exchange between Atlantic Ocean, Wreck Pond, Black Creek, and other appropriate areas of the watershed while balancing the need for flood protection, including analyzing the effectiveness of the outfall structure.

    Completed Milestones:

    • The US Army Corps of Engineers began (in 2013) the Wreck Pond Feasibility Study to restore the ecosystem and prevent flooding.  This study will be federally funded at $2.5 million and will be completed within 3 years (2016).  At the completion of the study, the project is automatically approved for the construction phase.
    • US Fish & Wildlife received a $2 Million Hurricane Sandy National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Department of Interior Grant to improve aquatic conductivity in Wreck Pond.  The priority project is to install a secondary outfall pipe with a sluice gate.  Projected costs are ~ $4 Million.  Spring Lake sold borough property and have committed to spending the proceeds towards the project with the objective of flood reduction.  DEP has committed to spending $600k in remaining 319 funding towards the project with the objective of water quality by increasing the natural tidal flow.

    Next Steps:

    • US Army Corps of Engineers Head Quarters will issue funds and implementation guidance.
    • U.S. Army Corp. of Engineers will finalize the Project Management Plan.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Office of Engineering and Construction
    U.S. Army Corp. of Engineers

    Implementation:
    Draft NEPA report with alternatives summer 2015.
    Feasibility Study complete 2016.

  12. Action Item – One Vision / One Goal

    Improve communications within the Department to ensure all Division’s with a stake in the Wreck Pond watershed restoration efforts have a clear vision and understanding of the Commissioner’s goal of improving water quality within the Watershed and to resolve impairments contributing to the regular closings of beaches to recreational bathing in Sea Girt and Spring Lake.

    Improve communications, involvement and establish partnerships with the four municipalities within the Wreck Pond Watershed (Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights).  Work through the Office of Local Government Assistance to establish relationships with Mayors and Administrators to ensure that we all share the same environmental outcome for their local resource.  Continue to update and communicate progress to Senator Singer, Assemblyman Kean and Assemblyman Rible’s office through Deputy Chief of Staff.

    Improve communications and establish partnerships with external stakeholders, including Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee, Clean Ocean Action, Monmouth County Planning Board, Rutgers University, Army Corp of Engineers, consultants, Freehold Soil Conservation District, Monmouth University,  Monmouth County Health Department, Monmouth County Regional Health Commission, NJ DOT, and local residents to clearly and transparently communicate our regional watershed approach with one vision and one goal: to improve water quality.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Monthly meetings with Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee and local residents.
    • Regular meetings with Borough Administrators and reps.
    • Improved internal coordination with Land Use Management on site specific projects.

    Next Steps: 

    • Continue to communicate with all internal and external stakeholders on a regular basis.
    • Continue to ensure all internal DEP stakeholders are working together and clearly understand the Commissioner’s goal.  Work with DEP programs to ensure water quality projects are cost effective, are able to be permitted, and will achieve the desired environmental outcome.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring

    Implementation: September 1, 2011 – Ongoing

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Last Updated: October 24, 2014