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Wreck Pond Outfall Pipe




 

Wreck Pond Watershed Restoration - Action Plan
Updated June 20, 2013

  1. Action Item - Call for Research, Engineering reports and Analytical Monitoring Data 

    Wreck Pond has received a significant amount of study over the years producing a vast amount of analytical monitoring data.  The Department has identified and gathered all research, engineering reports and existing analytical data on Wreck Pond Watershed.

    Completed Milestone

    • Initial call for research and data was sent via email on August 15, 2011; Deadline for data research and data was August 29, 2011.
    • The Department received a large amount of information specifically from U.S. Geological Survey, Monmouth University, Monmouth County, Monmouth County Health Department, Leon S. Avakian, Inc – Consulting Engineers, Najarian Associates, AECOM, Stevens Institute of Technology and the US Army Corps of Engineers.
    • All data received has been reviewed and converted into a useable electronic format.

    Next Steps: 

    • Continuous and new intermittent data will be gathered and converted into a useable electronic format on a bimonthly basis.

    Ownership:
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring

    Implementation:
    Ongoing

    It’s not too late to submit, if you have research studies or analytical data on Wreck Pond, please contact Sheri Shifren.

  2. Action Item  - Website and Database Development

    A Wreck Pond Watershed Restoration web site will be developed into a single source of information on the status of the project to be used by all entities involved in Wreck Pond including the public.  The site will house all research and studies identified in Action Item 1 as well as a searchable custom database with all monitoring data.  The site will also spatially display monitoring data on an interactive GIS map.  The site assists in the coordination of activities, educational events and monitors progress.

    Completed Milestone

    • Web site and interactive GIS map with all monitoring data has been completed.

    Next Steps: 

    • The web site will be updated on a semi-annual basis to incorporate new data and progress.

    Ownership
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Office of Information Resource Management

    Implementation: Ongoing

  3. Action Item – Infrastructure Mapping, Inspection, Assessment and Repair/Replacement

    Municipalities within the Wreck Pond Watershed (Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights) have supplied the Department with sanitary sewer and storm sewer system maps (including location of stormwater outfalls and any stormwater Best Management Practices) for their entire municipally owned system.  In addition, the municipalities have supplied the Department with engineering reports summarizing results of inspections, video taping or smoke testing of the systems to determine its integrity and function.

    Any gaps identified in mapping, inspection or assessment shall be resolved. 

    Action item goal is to identify areas within the storm sewer and/or sanitary sewer system that are failing, leaking, broken or otherwise not functioning as designed and have them repaired and/or replaced.  Funding opportunities (grants, loans or partial grants/loan blends) will be identified in Action Item 7.  A secondary goal is to have complete GIS coverage of the watershed's sanitary and stormwater infrastructure (including Manufactured Treatment Devices) and to use this tool to identify areas within the system which may be contributing to the impairment.

    Completed Milestone

    • All four municipalities have submitted sanitary and storm sewer system maps.
    • Spring Lake has committed to and received approval from the US Environmental Protection Agency to use grant money ($198,000) to conduct the infrastructure assessment of their sanitary and storm sewer systems in Spring Lake and Sea Girt areas that drain to Wreck Pond and Baltimore Blvd.  This will include cleaning, video, GPS and GIS of the system as well as identifying any suspected illicit connections, and an engineering report with prioritized list of sanitary and storm sewer repair and replacement in Spring Lake and Sea Girt.
    • Spring Lake received solicited Requests for Statements of Qualifications in January of 2013.  In June, they selected Hatch Mott MacDonald and Avakian Engineering to submit proposals.
    • Under the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection's FFY2013 Clean Water Priority System Intended Use Plan and Project Priority List, the Wreck Pond area was identified to receive loans up to $500,000 in principal forgiveness to local government units to repair and/or replace sanitary and stormwater sewers that are identified during the infrastructure assessment as having leaks and cracks.

    Next Steps: 
    • Spring Lake will select one proposal, get it approved by EPA, and award the contract.

    Ownership:  
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation:
    Mapping, Inspection and Assessment – to be completed by Fall, 2013.
    Repair and/or Replacement – small repairs - at time of discovery, large repairs/replacement – placed on a priority list implementation schedule.

  4. Action Item – Identify, Fund and Replace Broken (privately owned) Laterals

    Sewer laterals carry sanitary waste from private homes to the municipal sanitary sewer and are the responsibility of the individual homeowner.  It is suspected that many of the older homes in Sea Girt and Spring Lake have broken or cracked laterals.  Sewage from these laterals leak into the sandy soil and easily infiltrates, during storm events, into broken, cracked or poorly grouted storm sewer pipes.  While the municipality is responsible for repairs to the municipal separate storm sewer, homeowners are liable for the cost of replacing broken laterals. 

    Action item goal is to identify and repair broken laterals, prioritizing suspected problem areas such as Ocean Ave in Spring Lake and Baltimore Blvd. in Sea Girt.  Once broken laterals are identified, homeowners may be directed to repair or replace broken laterals at their own expense or municipalities may consider pass through funding using outside sources.

    Completed Milestone:

    • All four municipalities have submitted sanitary and storm sewer system maps.
    • Spring Lake has committed to and received approval from the US Environmental Protection Agency to use grant money ($198,000) to conduct the infrastructure assessment of their sanitary and storm sewer systems in Spring Lake and Sea Girt areas that drain to Wreck Pond and Baltimore Blvd.  The assessments will include videoing, GPS and GIS of the laterals as well as identifying the location and suspected source of any illicit connection, and recommendations on areas in need of improvements and/or replacement.
    • Spring Lake received solicited Requests for Statements of Qualifications in January of 2013.  In June, they selected Hatch Mott MacDonald and Avakian Engineering to submit proposals.

    Next Steps: 

    • Spring Lake will select one proposal, get it approved by EPA, and award the contract.

    Ownership:
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation
    Mapping, Inspection and Assessment – to be completed by Fall, 2013.
    Repair and/or Replacement – TBD

  5. Action Item – Monitoring Plan / Microbial Source Tracking

    A thorough review and assessment of all monitoring data collected (Action Item 1) shall be completed.  Monitoring points and data will be displayed on a GIS map of the watershed along with sanitary sewer and storm sewer systems (Action Items 2 & 3).  Any gaps in monitoring data will become part of a monitoring plan.  All existing data evaluated and future monitoring will build on prior studies. Use proven techniques such as optical brighteners, antibiotic resistance and coliphage and new techniques such as Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) to identify sources of bacteria.  

    Action item goal is to design and implement intensive monitoring based on existing data and pollution source surveys (Action Item 7).  Data needed includes quality, quantity, salinity (mixing) and hydrologic response.  A clear understanding of how the watershed responds (during storm events) including the time of travel of stormwater from the upper watershed to the ocean outfall and the bacterial load during the duration of the event.  This data will help determine the extent of the impairment within the watershed.  Implement corrective actions and follow-up monitoring to determine effectiveness of corrective actions.

    Completed Milestone

    • All data submitted to date has been reviewed, assessed, evaluated, and displayed on the interactive GIS map including sanitary sewer system.
    • 10/2011 - Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring sampled (influent/effluent) four new Manufactured Treatment Devices (MTDs) in Spring Lake and Sea Girt and the discharge from Essex Ave to assess the effects of redirecting Spring Lake's discharge directly to the Atlantic Ocean (and no longer discharging to Wreck Pond).
    • 2/2012 – A gap in data was identified and Storm Study was completed for Spring Lake Heights to determine if an infrastructure assessment is needed.  12 new monitoring stations were created, a second round of sampling the four MTDs was completed and two new additional MTDs were sampled.
    • 3/2013 - Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring completed a 48 hour storm study monitoring bacteria and total suspended solids every 30 minutes at 6 stations, and grabbed 4 beach samples and one additional outfall sample every 12 hours in addition to analyzing for salinity, dissolved oxygen, specific conductivity, pH and temperature with the YSI meter at the 6 automatic sampling stations.
    • Continued – Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring began collecting wet weather monitoring at the 4 wreck pond beach stations, the wreck pond outfall inside the pond and Ocean Ave outfall inside the pond, as well as 3 beach stations surrounding the Baltimore Blvd Outfall and the outfall itself in June of 2012 and continues to grab these samples following wet weather events.

    Next Steps:

    • Complete Inverse Distance Weighting Analysis of the 48 hour storm study.  Monitor the MTDs for a third and final analysis.  Reevaluate the Wreck Pond beach rainfall precautionary closing policy.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation:
    Analysis of 48 hour storm study – August, 2013
    Third and final analysis of MTDs – December 2013
    Reevaluate the Wreck Pond Beach Rainfall Precautionary Closing Policy – May 2014

  6. Action Item – Identifying Sources of Funding / Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Regional Restoration Plan

    Potential funding sources shall be identified such as EPA (EPA CARE grants), Section 319(h) watershed restoration grants, Clean Water NJ funds, Infrastructure Trust loan/grant to fund capital improvements (sanitary and storm sewer upgrades – Action Item 3), replacement and repair of sewer laterals (Action Item 4), infrastructure inspection (video of sanitary sewer lines and laterals), and education and outreach (Action Item 8).  Green Acres funding could potentially be used for purchase of stream buffers in upper watershed (Action Item 7).

    Eligibility for 319 funds is partly contingent on the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Regional Plan/Watershed Based Implementation Plan being approved by Land Use Management - Division of Policy Implementation and Watershed Restoration.  A goal of Action Item 6 is to ensure that the restoration plan is approved.

    Completed Milestone:

    • Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Regional Stormwater Management Plan/Watershed-Based Implementation Plan was revised and submitted in September 2011 to the Land Use Management - Division of Policy Implementation and Watershed Restoration for review.
    • Determined the lack of water quality benefits and permitting hurdles preclude the continuation of the Ridgewood Rd and Keller's Pond projects.
    • NJDOT conducted restoration of three culvert outfalls along Rte 34 in Wall Twp: including replacing headwall, removing silt, sediment & debris from streambed and outfall area, removing vegetative overgrowth, restoring slopes to original grade using rip-rap, and stabilizing disturbed areas with seed, mulch & topsoil matting.
    • Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering has amended their CBT and 1985 Wastewater Grant to contract with Najarian Associates to write the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan.

    Next Steps: 

    • Select new projects within the watershed in the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan and reallocate remaining 319(h) grants.
    • Complete and obtain Department approval of Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Land Use Management, Green Acres, Solid Waste
    NJDOT
    Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee
    Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering
    Najarian Associates
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights

    Implementation: May 1, 2014 and Ongoing

  7. Action Item – Identifying Land Use Cover/ Preserving Buffers in Upper Watershed

    One of the most important factors that can affect the quality of a surface-water body is the land use within its watershed. Using GIS satellite imagery, existing GIS Land Use Coverage layers and ground truthing (pollution source surveys), identify land uses and how those land uses may contribute to impairment of the Wreck Pond Watershed.  Identify and inspect Animal Feeding Operations (horse, cattle, and poultry farms) to ensure proper nutrient management plans are in effect.  Use GIS to identify parcels of open space available to preserve stream buffers in the upper watershed. 

    Completed Milestones:

    • Existing GIS coverages provided by Monmouth County Office of GIS
    • Aerial assessment of the watershed

    Next Steps:  

    • The Wreck Pond Watershed Restoration Implementation Plan will identify possible sites for stream bank restoration, and stormwater management.
    • Rutgers Cooperative Extension to re-inspect AFOs within watershed and evaluate manure handling practices.

    Ownership:
    Rutgers Cooperative Extension
    Monmouth County Office of GIS
    Freehold Soil Conservation District
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring

    Implementation: May 1, 2014 and Ongoing

  8. Action Item – Public Outreach and Education

    Develop and expand a public education and outreach program within the watershed to target permanent residents, summer residents and vacationers.  Effectively communicate impacts of non-point source pollution and how individual's actions affect water quality.  Leverage the Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee's existing public education campaign.  Apply for EPA's CARE grant.  Work with municipalities to post educational information on beaches and pass out information with beach badges.  Accelerate public education campaign for summer 2013.

    Completed Milestones:

    • An Education and Outreach Plan has been completed.
    • Watershed Ambassador (Tom Thorsen) conducted 7 school presentations and teacher training in 2012.
    • NJDEP, Rutgers Cooperative Extension and Clean Ocean Action have conducted two build a rain barrel workshops that include Stormwater Pollution Prevention Workshop Seminars (June 2012 and March 2013).
    • NJDEP, Clean Ocean Action and Watershed Ambassadors (Erin Johnson) conducted a Watershed Wellness (clean-up) Day in all four municipalities (March 2013).
    • Clean Ocean Action has drafted a Wreck Pond awareness program (Wreck Pond Pals).
    • Clean Ocean Action, Wreck Pond RSMPC Educational Subcommittee and Watershed Ambassador conducted a Wreck Pond walking tour and watershed demonstration (June 2013).

    Next Steps

    • In July 2013, NJDEP will hold a build a rain barrel workshop, and Clean Ocean Action plans to launch the Wreck Pond Pals.
    • In August 2013, Rutgers Cooperative Extension, Clean Ocean Action and Wreck Pond RSMPC Educational Subcommittee will construct a rain garden demonstration.
    • In September 2013, Rutgers Cooperative Extension, Clean Ocean Action and Wreck Pond RSMPC Educational Subcommittee will plant a rain garden demonstration.
    • The Department will organize and schedule "Green Infrastructure Seminar for Decision Makers".

    Ownership:
    DEP - Clean Water NJ
    Clean Ocean Action
    Rutgers Cooperative Extension
    AmeriCorps Watershed Ambassador
    Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Education Committee

    Implementation: Ongoing

  9. Action Item – Identify and Implement Watershed Restoration/Water Quality Projects

    Identify and implement watershed restoration and water quality/quantity projects to improve overall water quality within the Wreck Pond Watershed.  Projects should address one or more of the following pollutants of concern: pathogens/bacteria, suspended solids, nutrients and/or quantity.

    Assist Monmouth County with the implementation of plans to dredge parts of the Wreck Pond Watershed and identify other areas for localized dredging.  Investigate the feasibility and cost of larger scale dredging project and sources of funding.  Further study the sediments in Wreck Pond and whether they contribute to elevated bacteria levels.  Investigate whether dredging would help in the restoration of the watershed.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Monmouth County successfully completed phase one dredging project of Wreck Pond west of RT 71.
    • Monmouth County successfully completed phase two dredging project of Wreck Pond between the outfall and 1st Ave Bridge.
    • Met with Stony Brook Millstone Watershed Association to discuss successes within their watershed.
    • Conducted extensive site investigation and determined the lack of water quality benefits and permitting hurdles preclude the continuation of the Ridgewood Rd and Keller's Pond projects.
    • Met with the Freehold Soil Conservation District (FSCD) to discuss stream assessments that had been completed for Wreck Pond Brook Watershed in 2005.  FSCD provided NJDEP with a prioritized list of stream bank restoration sites based on their assessment, property owners and accessibility, and a list of all stormwater basins locations in the watershed.
    • Monmouth County Division of Public Works & Engineering has amended their CBT and 1985 Wastewater Grant to contract with Najarian Associates and Avakian Engineering to construct a conceptual design of a living shoreline along the north bank of Wreck Pond.

    Next Steps: 

    • Monmouth County is planning for phase three of dredging Wreck Pond west of 1st Ave Bridge, complete phase three January 2014.
    • Complete Conceptual Design for a Living Shoreline along the north bank of Wreck Pond by May 2014.

    Ownership:
    Monmouth County
    FSCD
    Najarian Associates
    Avakian Engineering
    Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Land Use Management

    Implementation: Ongoing

  10. Action Item – Flood Control

    Superstorm Sandy breached the sand dune revealing an emergency spillway for Wreck Pond.  The emergency spillway eliminates the need for a permanent pump system.  A DEP Beach and Dune Maintenance Permit allows for temporary excavation and regrading of sand to the east of the spillway outside of Piping Plover Season.  During Piping Plover Season, Spring Lake must obtain emergency approval from NJDEP.  The emergency spillway is able to discharge the water from the pond when it reaches an elevation of 2.5 feet above sea level.  This alleviates flooding.  During a coastal surge it is necessary to prevent the ocean tidal water from filling the pond.  Spring Lake is exploring a sluice gate to prevent the coastal surge.  Spring Lake and NJDEP are also exploring the incorporation of a berm around certain areas of Wreck Pond of 18"-2' to prevent flooding as part of the living shoreline project.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Spring Lake received an emergency permit from NJDEP to rebuild the Brown Ave dune with a filtered, soil compacted core.
    • Spring Lake has excavated and regraded the beach to the east of the emergency spillway several times since October 2012 to alleviate flooding in accordance with their Dune and Beach Maintenance Permit.


    Next Steps: 
    • Complete Conceptual Design for a Living Shoreline incorporating berm along the north bank of Wreck Pond by May 2014.
    • Spring Lake will engineer a design and submit for appropriate permits for the sluice gate.

    Ownership:  Spring Lake Borough

    Implementation: Spring Lake submit for appropriate NJDEP permits by Fall 2013.
    Conceptual Design for berm May 2014.

  11. Action Item – Increase Tidal Influence/Mixing

    Investigate the effects of the extension of the Wreck pond outfall had on the tidal flow and mixing within Wreck Pond.  Study whether the change had a detrimental effect on pond health and whether changes to promote more tidal influence and mixing would improve conditions and help restore the water body.  The existing outlet structure may restrict flows into, and out of, the watershed.  This delayed response prevents rapid mixing of stormwater with the ocean during and after a rain event and results in negative water quality from the storm to impact localized beaches over a longer time period (48-72 hours).

    The action item goal is to restore a natural tidal exchange between Atlantic Ocean, Wreck Pond, Black Creek, and other appropriate areas of the watershed while balancing the need for flood protection, including analyzing the effectiveness of the outfall structure.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Wreck Pond Feasibility Study to restore the ecosystem and prevent flooding was included on the Second Interim Report to Congress on Superstorm Sandy.  This study will be federally funded at $2.5 million and will be completed within 3 years.  At the completion of the study, the project is automatically approved for the construction phase.

    Next Steps:

    • US Army Corps of Engineers Head Quarters will issue funds and implementation guidance.
    • U.S. Army Corp. of Engineers will finalize the Project Management Plan.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring, Office of Engineering and Construction
    U.S. Army Corp. of Engineers

    Implementation:
    Feasibility Study 2016

  12. Action Item – One Vision / One Goal

    Improve communications within the Department to ensure all Division's with a stake in the Wreck Pond watershed restoration efforts have a clear vision and understanding of the Commissioner's goal of improving water quality within the Watershed and to resolve impairments contributing to the regular closings of beaches to recreational bathing in Sea Girt and Spring Lake.

    Improve communications, involvement and establish partnerships with the four municipalities within the Wreck Pond Watershed (Spring Lake, Sea Girt, Wall Township, and Spring Lake Heights).  Work through the Office of Local Government Assistance to establish relationships with Mayors and Administrators to ensure that we all share the same environmental outcome for their local resource.  Continue to update and communicate progress to local Assemblyman Kean's office through Deputy Chief of Staff.

    Improve communications and establish partnerships with external stakeholders, including Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee, Clean Ocean Action, Monmouth County Planning Board, Rutgers University, Army Corp of Engineers, consultants, Freehold Soil Conservation District, Monmouth University,  Monmouth County Health Department, Monmouth Regional Health Department, NJ DOT, and local residents to clearly and transparently communicate our regional watershed approach with one vision and one goal: to improve water quality.

    Completed Milestones:

    • Monthly meetings with Wreck Pond Brook Watershed Committee and local residents.
    • Monthly internal meetings with Water Resources A.C., Water Compliance and Enforcement, Land Use Management, and Division of Water Quality
    • Regular meetings with Borough Administrators and reps.
    • Improved internal coordination with Land Use Management on site specific projects.
    • Improved internal communication with Green Acres and Solid Waste (Ridgewood Road project).

    Next Steps: 

    • Continue to communicate with all internal and external stakeholders on a regular basis.
    • Continue to ensure all internal DEP stakeholders are working together and clearly understand the Commissioner's goal.  Work with DEP programs to ensure water quality projects are cost effective, are able to be permitted, and will achieve the desired environmental outcome.

    Ownership:  
    Bureau of Marine Water Monitoring

    Implementation: September 1, 2011 – Ongoing

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Last Updated: July 31, 2014