1. Students read "El círculo mágico" by Barbara Joose. A Mexican girl, who misses her grandmother, tells of the Aztec legend where the souls come back as butterflies on the Day of the Dead. Celebrate El día de los muertos by making papel picado (cut paper banners) that include skeleton designs, skulls as well as butterflies. Students each design one panel to add to the banner. Students each tell their story or description when the banner is hung.

2. The Aztecs made the Monarch into a goddess naming her Xochiquetzal, which is nahuatl for precious flower. Students report to the class how the Aztecs honored Xochiquetzal after reading about it in Spanish at:

Links to supplementary materials