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New Jersey Alternate Proficiency Assessment
Performance Level Descriptors
Language Arts Literacy

(February 2009)

Grade 4 LAL

Partially Proficient

Students performing at the partially proficient level generally require prompting to demonstrate emerging knowledge and skills of vocabulary and concept development, comprehension skills, response to text, writing as a product, and mechanics with an inconsistent level of performance using modified and supported materials.

Partially proficient students are emerging in:

  • Matching words to their meanings
  • Determining if words make sense in context
  • Acquiring dictionary skills such as identifying and using guide words
  • Answering basic comprehension questions about text
  • Following single step directions containing direction words
  • Identifying different types of literature
  • Connecting details to a topic
  • Writing a topic sentence when provided with details
  • Identifying correct sequencing of ideas
  • Identifying subjects and verbs
  • Identifying a sentence

Proficient

Students performing at the proficient level may require prompting to demonstrate basic knowledge and skills of vocabulary and concept development, comprehension skills, response to text, writing as a product, and mechanics with a moderate level of performance using modified and supported materials.

Proficient students typically:

  • Identify the meaning of words given choices
  • Identify contextual clues for word meaning
  • Locate words in a dictionary
  • Answer questions about text, such as drawing conclusions or identifying evidence to support given conclusions
  • Sequence multi-step directions
  • Match traits to types of literature
  • Generate details about a topic
  • Write a topic sentence
  • Edit and revise sentences to include one or more of the following: dialogue, details, order of ideas, opening and closing statements, ending punctuation, commas, quotation marks, and capitalization

Advanced Proficient

Students performing at the advanced proficient level generally demonstrate knowledge and skills of vocabulary and concept development, comprehension skills and response to text, writing as a product, and mechanics independently with a high level of performance using modified and supported materials.

Advanced proficient students typically:

  • Use contextual clues to determine meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Use a dictionary
  • Draw and support conclusions 
  • Sequence and follow multi-step directions to complete a task
  • Compare and contrast different forms of literature
  • Write a topic report including topic sentences and supporting details
  • Write a short piece that includes one or more of the following: dialogue, details, order of ideas, and opening and closing statements
  • Edit text for ending punctuation, commas, quotation marks, and capitalization