New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK)
Performance Level Descriptors
Language Arts Literacy
Reading. A student performing at the Partially Proficient level demonstrates limited ability to employ strategies needed to understand a variety of texts on a literal level. S/he may demonstrate some understanding of the central idea, supporting details, purpose, and organization of text, and may express some understanding of the text in written responses. A student at this level demonstrates inconsistent ability, however, to connect ideas, summarize relevant details, make inferences, and draw appropriate conclusions about the text in written responses
Writing. A student performing at the Partially Proficient level may develop a single focus and may attempt to organize his/her writing using some supporting details that connect to the topic. S/he inconsistently follows the conventions of written language and demonstrates limited word choice and sentence structure in developing text. The student at this level may not sustain a purpose for writing and may not elaborate on ideas.
Reading. A student performing at the Proficient level demonstrates the ability to employ strategies to comprehend a variety of texts literally and inferentially and to express understanding of the text in written responses. As a proficient reader, the student recognizes the central idea, supporting details, purpose, and organization of the text as well as some literary devices. The proficient student can make connections to the text, form opinions, and draw conclusions. The proficient reader is able to synthesize ideas from the reading and to use these to analyze and extend the meaning of the text in written responses.
Writing. A proficient writer uses a repertoire of strategies that enables him/her to accomplish the task of communicating a clear and cohesive message. The student establishes and sustains a purpose for writing and elaborates on information with specific details as s/he develops the text. The student connects ideas in a logical progression, provides support for opinions and conclusions, and generally uses transitions and the conventions of written language as well as varied sentence structures and word choice in his/her writing. S/he may take compositional risks.
Reading. In addition to demonstrating the skills outlined for the proficient student, the Advanced Proficient reader clearly and consistently demonstrates the ability to synthesize, analyze, and extend the meaning of the text. In addition, the Advanced Proficient reader interacts with the text and makes meaningful connections in order to generate and extend ideas in written responses.
Writing. In addition to consistently demonstrating the skills outlined for the Proficient student, the Advanced Proficient writer establishes and sustains a single focus, organizes and connects ideas with effective transitions, and elaborates with vivid supporting details. The student at this level varies sentence structures, chooses precise words to convey meaning and message, and consistently uses the conventions of written language. S/he may take compositional risks.