New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK)
Performance Level Descriptors
Language Arts Literacy
Reading. A student performing at the Partially Proficient level demonstrates limited ability to construct meaning from texts or to employ the strategies needed to analyze and critique a variety of texts. S/he may demonstrate some understanding of the central idea, supporting details, purpose, and organization of text, and may express some understanding of the text in written responses. A student at this level demonstrates inconsistent ability, however, to connect ideas, summarize relevant details, make inferences, draw appropriate conclusions, and express opinions about the text in written responses.
Writing. A student performing at the Partially Proficient level may develop a single focus and may attempt to organize his/her writing using some details that connect to the topic. S/he inconsistently follows the conventions of written language and demonstrates limited word choice and sentence structure in developing text. The student at this level may not sustain a purpose for writing and may not elaborate on ideas.
Reading. A student performing at the Proficient level constructs meaning by employing a variety of strategies to synthesize, analyze, and critique text. As a proficient reader, the student recognizes the central idea, supporting details, purpose, and organization of the text. The proficient reader demonstrates the ability to comprehend a variety of texts literally and inferentially, make connections to the text, and understand the function of some literary devices. The student is able to use relevant details to support opinions and conclusions and to use these to analyze ideas and extend the meaning of the text in written responses.
Writing. A proficient writer uses a repertoire of strategies that enable him/her to accomplish the task of communicating a clear and cohesive message. The proficient writer establishes and sustains a single focus for the writing, generally organizes and connects ideas in a logical progression, and includes relevant supporting details that elaborate on ideas. The student demonstrates some fluency as a writer with his/her use of transitions, varied sentence structure, precise word choice, and the conventions of written language. The student may also attempt compositional risks.
Reading. In addition to demonstrating the skills outlined for the Proficient student, the Advanced Proficient reader clearly and consistently demonstrates the ability to synthesize, analyze, and extend the meaning of the text. In addition, the Advanced Proficient reader interacts with the text and makes meaningful connections in order to generate and extend ideas in written responses.
Writing. In addition to consistently demonstrating the skills outlined for the Proficient student, the Advanced Proficient writer establishes and sustains a single focus, organizes and connects
ideas with effective transitions, and elaborates with vivid supporting details. The student varies sentence structure, chooses precise words to convey meaning and message, and consistently uses the conventions of written language. S/he may take compositional risks.