Errors are a natural part of language development and, therefore, all errors do not need to be corrected. Over-correction of student performance in both syntax and pronunciation may make the ELL student unnecessarily anxious and may even hinder the progression of language development . There are several strategies teachers can use to correct errors, without causing fear, stress and anxiety.
Repeat what the student has said, using the correct syntax and pronunciation.
Avoid overly wordy or detailed answers to student questions.
Repeat, review, and summarize information to help link concepts for students.
Check for comprehension when an error in understanding content has occurred by asking students a question related to the content being discussed. Never ask “Do you understand?” Students will respond affirmatively to save face.
In writing, analyze text for a cluster of similar errors. Correct through mini lessons on the particular grammatical concept.