In this model, the ESL teacher does not regularly come into the mainstream content classroom. She/he may occasionally assist in the classroom on specific lessons, but this is not a planned or built into the schedule. The ESL teacher is available to provide information and suggest alternative instructional materials and/or assessments for ELLs in mainstream content classes.
Instructional Suggestions may include:
Use of alternative materials [e.g. ESL content materials]
Limiting the amount of content reading for the ELL
Providing visual representations of written content
Explanations and examples of how to visually demonstrate and/or explain content [e.g. pictures, realia, manipulatives, word walls, etc.]
Modified testing materials, which include word banks, modified wording of directions and questions, fewer questions, etc. Below are three versions of a current events quiz. The first is a quiz given to mainstream students, the second and third contain sentence vocabulary and structure modifications, as well as word choices for answers.
Regular . . .
Story E . . . An Update on Mars
1. a. The second rover landed safely! Its name is ____________________________.
b. How near is it to the first one?
2. a. And what was the name of the first rover? ______________________
b. This one has had technical difficulties that are really quite serious.