Adapting textbook content information at a level that an ELL student can comprehend and master is often necessary. Below are some suggestions for adapting content information and developing supplementary materials.
- Highlighting main ideas and key concepts [using an erasable highlighter or reproduced text selections].
- Cut and paste reproduced information from text, arranging the information in a logical sequential format.
- Create visual representations of texts, such as charts or graphs, maps or illustrations, models. [See sample, Voyage of the Mimi (PDF)]
- Chunking, chaining, or clustering of information into logical groups by common categories or relationships.
- Developing advanced organizers to prepare students to read and/or for review of information before assessment, such as outlines, study guides, “while you read” questions, and diagrams which present overviews of new material to be studied. [See sample, American Revolution (PDF)]