New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards
May 1996

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Science Standards And Progress Indicators
Standard 5.6:
All Students Will Gain An Understanding Of The Structure, Characteristics, And Basic Needs Of Organisms

Descriptive Statement: The study of science must include the diversity, complexity, and interdependence of life on earth. Students should know how organisms evolve, reproduce, and adapt to their environments. Standards 5.6 and 5.7 serve to define the fundamental understandings of the life sciences.

Cumulative Progress Indicators

By the end of Grade 4, students:

1.

Compare and contrast living and nonliving things.

2.

Determine the basic needs of organisms.

3.

Show that living things have different levels of organization.

4.

Show that plants and animals are composed of different parts serving different purposes and working together for the well-being of the organism.

5.

Describe life cycles of organisms.

6.

Group organisms according to the functions they serve in a food chain.

7.

Identify the major systems of the human body and explain how their functions are interrelated.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 8, students:

8.

Describe and give examples of the major categories of living organisms and of the characteristics shared by organisms.

9.

Recognize that complex multicellular organisms are interacting systems of cells, tissues, and organs.

10.

Identify and describe the structure and function of cell parts.

11.

Explain how organisms are affected by different components of an ecosystem and the flow of energy through it.

12.

Illustrate and explain life cycles of organisms.

Building upon knowledge and skills gained in the preceding grades, by the end of Grade 12, students:

13.

Identify and describe organisms that possess characteristics of living and nonliving things.

14.

Identify and explain the structure and function of molecules that control cellular activities.

15.

Explain how plants convert light energy to chemical energy.

16.

Describe how plants produce substances high in energy content that become the primary source of energy for animal life.

17.

Compare and contrast the life cycles of living things as they interact with ecosystems.

 

 

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