Core Curriculum Content Standards

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Science Standards Learning Progressions

5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
B. Generate Scientific Evidence Through Active Investigations: Students master the conceptual, mathematical, physical, and computational tools that need to be applied when constructing and evaluating claims.
Preschool By the end of Grade 4 By the end of Grade 8 By the end of Grade 12
Content: Observations and investigations form young learners’ understandings of science concepts.

5.1.P.B.1 Observe, question, predict, and investigate materials, objects, and phenomena (e.g., using simple tools to crack a nut and look inside) during indoor and outdoor classroom activities and during any longer-term investigations.
Content: Building and refining models and explanations requires generation and evaluation of evidence.

5.1.4.B.1 Design and follow simple plans using systematic observations to explore questions and predictions.
Content: Evidence is generated and evaluated as part of building and refining models and explanations.

5.1.8.B.1 Design investigations and use scientific instrumentation to collect, analyze, and evaluate evidence as part of building and revising models and explanations.
Content: Logically designed investigations are needed in order to generate the evidence required to build and refine models and explanations.

5.1.12.B.1 Design investigations, collect evidence, analyze data, and evaluate evidence to determine measures of central tendencies, causal/correlational relationships, and anomalous data.
Content: Experiments and explorations provide opportunities for young learners to use science vocabulary and scientific terms.

5.1.P.B.2 Use basic science terms and topic-related science vocabulary.
Content: Tools and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.

5.1.4.B.2 Measure, gather, evaluate, and share evidence using tools and technologies.
Content: Mathematics and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.

5.1.8.B.2 Gather, evaluate, and represent evidence using scientific tools, technologies, and computational strategies.
Content: Mathematical tools and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.

5.1.12.B.2 Build, refine, and represent evidence-based models using mathematical, physical, and computational tools.
Content: Experiments and explorations give young learners opportunities to use science tools and technology.

5.1.P.B.3 Identify and use basic tools and technology to extend exploration in conjunction with science investigations.
Content: Evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.

5.1.4.B.3 Formulate explanations from evidence.
Content: Carefully collected evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.

5.1.8.B.3 Use qualitative and quantitative evidence to develop evidence-based arguments.
Content: Empirical evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.

5.1.12.B.3 Revise predictions and explanations using evidence, and connect explanations/arguments to established scientific knowledge, models, and theories.
Content: Reasoning is used to support scientific conclusions.

5.1.4.B.4 Communicate and justify explanations with reasonable and logical arguments.
Content: Scientific reasoning is used to support scientific conclusions.

5.1.8.B.4 Use quality controls to examine data sets and to examine evidence as a means of generating and reviewing explanations.
Content: Scientific reasoning is used to evaluate and interpret data patterns and scientific conclusions.

5.1.12.B.4 Develop quality controls to examine data sets and to examine evidence as a means of generating and reviewing explanations.