Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: Science
Content Area Science
Standard 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
Strand A. Understand Scientific Explanations: Students understand core concepts and principles of science and use measurement and observation tools to assist in categorizing, representing, and interpreting the natural and designed world.
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
P
Who, what, when, where, why, and how questions form the basis for young learners’ investigations during sensory explorations, experimentation, and focused inquiry.
5.1.P.A.1 Display curiosity about science objects, materials, activities, and longer-term investigations in progress.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
4
Fundamental scientific concepts and principles and the links between them are more useful than discrete facts.
5.1.4.A.1 Demonstrate understanding of the interrelationships among fundamental concepts in the physical, life, and Earth systems sciences.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Connections developed between fundamental concepts are used to explain, interpret, build, and refine explanations, models, and theories.
5.1.4.A.2 Use outcomes of investigations to build and refine questions, models, and explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Outcomes of investigations are used to build and refine questions, models, and explanations.
5.1.4.A.3 Use scientific facts, measurements, observations, and patterns in nature to build and critique scientific arguments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
8
Core scientific concepts and principles represent the conceptual basis for model-building and facilitate the generation of new and productive questions.
5.1.8.A.1 Demonstrate understanding and use interrelationships among central scientific concepts to revise explanations and to consider alternative explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Results of observation and measurement can be used to build conceptual-based models and to search for core explanations.
5.1.8.A.2 Use mathematical, physical, and computational tools to build conceptual-based models and to pose theories.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Predictions and explanations are revised based on systematic observations, accurate measurements, and structured data/evidence.
5.1.8.A.3 Use scientific principles and models to frame and synthesize scientific arguments and pose theories.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
12
Mathematical, physical, and computational tools are used to search for and explain core scientific concepts and principles.
5.1.12.A.1 Refine interrelationships among concepts and patterns of evidence found in different central scientific explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Interpretation and manipulation of evidence-based models are used to build and critique arguments/explanations.
5.1.12.A.2 Develop and use mathematical, physical, and computational tools to build evidence-based models and to pose theories.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Revisions of predictions and explanations are based on systematic observations, accurate measurements, and structured data/evidence.
5.1.12.A.3 Use scientific principles and theories to build and refine standards for data collection, posing controls, and presenting evidence.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Content Area Science
Standard 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
Strand B. Generate Scientific Evidence Through Active Investigations: Students master the conceptual, mathematical, physical, and computational tools that need to be applied when constructing and evaluating claims.
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
P
Observations and investigations form young learners’ understandings of science concepts.
5.1.P.B.1 Observe, question, predict, and investigate materials, objects, and phenomena (e.g., using simple tools to crack a nut and look inside) during indoor and outdoor classroom activities and during any longer-term investigations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Experiments and explorations provide opportunities for young learners to use science vocabulary and scientific terms.
5.1.P.B.2 Use basic science terms and topic-related science vocabulary.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Experiments and explorations give young learners opportunities to use science tools and technology.
5.1.P.B.3 Identify and use basic tools and technology to extend exploration in conjunction with science investigations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
4
Building and refining models and explanations requires generation and evaluation of evidence.
5.1.4.B.1 Design and follow simple plans using systematic observations to explore questions and predictions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Tools and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.
5.1.4.B.2 Measure, gather, evaluate, and share evidence using tools and technologies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.
5.1.4.B.3 Formulate explanations from evidence.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Reasoning is used to support scientific conclusions.
5.1.4.B.4 Communicate and justify explanations with reasonable and logical arguments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
8
Evidence is generated and evaluated as part of building and refining models and explanations.
5.1.8.B.1 Design investigations and use scientific instrumentation to collect, analyze, and evaluate evidence as part of building and revising models and explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Mathematics and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.
5.1.8.B.2 Gather, evaluate, and represent evidence using scientific tools, technologies, and computational strategies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Carefully collected evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.
5.1.8.B.3 Use qualitative and quantitative evidence to develop evidence-based arguments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Scientific reasoning is used to support scientific conclusions.
5.1.8.B.4 Use quality controls to examine data sets and to examine evidence as a means of generating and reviewing explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
12
Logically designed investigations are needed in order to generate the evidence required to build and refine models and explanations.
5.1.12.B.1 Design investigations, collect evidence, analyze data, and evaluate evidence to determine measures of central tendencies, causal/correlational relationships, and anomalous data.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Mathematical tools and technology are used to gather, analyze, and communicate results.
5.1.12.B.2 Build, refine, and represent evidence-based models using mathematical, physical, and computational tools.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Empirical evidence is used to construct and defend arguments.
5.1.12.B.3 Revise predictions and explanations using evidence, and connect explanations/arguments to established scientific knowledge, models, and theories.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Scientific reasoning is used to evaluate and interpret data patterns and scientific conclusions.
5.1.12.B.4 Develop quality controls to examine data sets and to examine evidence as a means of generating and reviewing explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Content Area Science
Standard 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
Strand C. Reflect on Scientific Knowledge: Scientific knowledge builds on itself over time.
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
P
Interacting with peers and adults to share questions and explorations about the natural world builds young learners’ scientific knowledge.
5.1.P.C.1 Communicate with other children and adults to share observations, pursue questions, and make predictions and/or conclusions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
4
Scientific understanding changes over time as new evidence and updated arguments emerge.
5.1.4.C.1 Monitor and reflect on one’s own knowledge regarding how ideas change over time.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Revisions of predictions and explanations occur when new arguments emerge that account more completely for available evidence.
5.1.4.C.2 Revise predictions or explanations on the basis of learning new information.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Scientific knowledge is a particular kind of knowledge with its own sources, justifications, and uncertainties.
5.1.4.C.3 Present evidence to interpret and/or predict cause-and-effect outcomes of investigations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
8
Scientific models and understandings of fundamental concepts and principles are refined as new evidence is considered.
5.1.8.C.1 Monitor one’s own thinking as understandings of scientific concepts are refined.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Predictions and explanations are revised to account more completely for available evidence.
5.1.8.C.2 Revise predictions or explanations on the basis of discovering new evidence, learning new information, or using models.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Science is a practice in which an established body of knowledge is continually revised, refined, and extended.
5.1.8.C.3 Generate new and productive questions to evaluate and refine core explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
12
Refinement of understandings, explanations, and models occurs as new evidence is incorporated.
5.1.12.C.1 Reflect on and revise understandings as new evidence emerges.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Data and refined models are used to revise predictions and explanations.
5.1.12.C.2 Use data representations and new models to revise predictions and explanations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Science is a practice in which an established body of knowledge is continually revised, refined, and extended as new evidence emerges.
5.1.12.C.3 Consider alternative theories to interpret and evaluate evidence-based arguments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

Content Area Science
Standard 5.1 Science Practices All students will understand that science is both a body of knowledge and an evidence-based, model-building enterprise that continually extends, refines, and revises knowledge. The four Science Practices strands encompass the knowledge and reasoning skills that students must acquire to be proficient in science.
Strand D. Participate Productively in Science: The growth of scientific knowledge involves critique and communication, which aresocial practices that are governed by a core set of values and norms.
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
P
Science practices include drawing or “writing” on observation clipboards, making rubbings, or charting the growth of plants.
5.1.P.D.1 Represent observations and work through drawing, recording data, and “writing.”                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
4
Science has unique norms for participation. These include adopting a critical stance, demonstrating a willingness to ask questions and seek help, and developing a sense of trust and skepticism.
5.1.4.D.1 Actively participate in discussions about student data, questions, and understandings.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
In order to determine which arguments and explanations are most persuasive, communities of learners work collaboratively to pose, refine, and evaluate questions, investigations, models, and theories (e.g., scientific argumentation and representation).
5.1.4.D.2 Work collaboratively to pose, refine, and evaluate questions, investigations, models, and theories.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Instruments of measurement can be used to safely gather accurate information for making scientific comparisons of objects and events.
5.1.4.D.3 Demonstrate how to safely use tools, instruments, and supplies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Organisms are treated humanely, responsibly, and ethically.
5.1.4.D.4 Handle and treat organisms humanely, responsibly, and ethically.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
8
Science involves practicing productive social interactions with peers, such as partner talk, whole-group discussions, and small-group work.
5.1.8.D.1 Engage in multiple forms of discussion in order to process, make sense of, and learn from others’ ideas, observations, and experiences.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
In order to determine which arguments and explanations are most persuasive, communities of learners work collaboratively to pose, refine, and evaluate questions, investigations, models, and theories (e.g., argumentation, representation, visualization, etc.).
5.1.8.D.2 Engage in productive scientific discussion practices during conversations with peers, both face-to-face and virtually, in the context of scientific investigations and model-building.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Instruments of measurement can be used to safely gather accurate information for making scientific comparisons of objects and events.
5.1.8.D.3 Demonstrate how to safely use tools, instruments, and supplies.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Organisms are treated humanely, responsibly, and ethically.
5.1.8.D.4 Handle and treat organisms humanely, responsibly, and ethically.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
12
Science involves practicing productive social interactions with peers, such as partner talk, whole-group discussions, and small-group work.
5.1.12.D.1 Engage in multiple forms of discussion in order to process, make sense of, and learn from others’ ideas, observations, and experiences.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Science involves using language, both oral and written, as a tool for making thinking public.
5.1.12.D.2 Represent ideas using literal representations, such as graphs, tables, journals, concept maps, and diagrams.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Ensure that instruments and specimens are properly cared for and that animals, when used, are treated humanely, responsibly, and ethically.
5.1.12.D.3 Demonstrate how to use scientific tools and instruments and knowledge of how to handle animals with respect for their safety and welfare.