Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand H. Health Science Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.H.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.4 Demonstrate knowledge of human structure and function as well as diseases and disorders to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.H.5 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.6 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.7 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.8 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.9 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.10 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.11 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.12 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.13 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.14 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.15 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.H.16 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.17 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.18 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.19 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.H.20 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.21 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.22 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.23 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.24 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.25 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.26 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.27 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.28 Employ computer operations applications to manage tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.29 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.H.30 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.31 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.32 Identify key systems that affect the roles, services, and quality of care performed within a department, an organization, and the overall healthcare environment.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.H.33 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.34 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.35 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.36 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.37 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.H.38 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.39 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.40 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.41 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.42 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.43 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.44 Demonstrate an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of all members of the healthcare team, including their ability to promote the delivery of quality healthcare.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.H.45 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.46 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.47 Demonstrate an understanding of the legal responsibilities, limitations, and implications affecting different types of workers in the healthcare delivery setting in order to ensure compliance with legal requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.48 Demonstrate an understanding of accepted ethical practices with respect to cultural, social, and ethnic differences, and explain how this understanding helps ensure delivery of quality healthcare.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.H.49 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed in the classroom and/or to be employable.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.50 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.51 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.52 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.53 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.54 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.55 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.56 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.57 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.58 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.59 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.H.60 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.61 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.62 Demonstrate knowledge of technical skills required for career pathways in this cluster, including occupational safety techniques, OSHA Standard Precautions, and safety procedures designed to protect clients, co-workers, and self.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.H.63 Demonstrate knowledge of technical skills required for career pathways in this cluster by obtaining related certificates, such as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and First Aid.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand H. Health Science Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Therapeutic Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.H.(1).1 Explain planned procedures and goals to patients/clients and use a range of response strategies to address patient/client questions and concerns.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(1).2 Communicate patient/client information among team members allowing for feedback as needed to facilitate a team approach to patient care.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.H.(1).3 Demonstrate knowledge of facility protocol and regulatory guidelines for collecting patient/client information.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.H.(1).4 Demonstrate knowledge of the process for assessing, monitoring, and reporting patient/client health status to the treatment team within scope of practice.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(1).5 Demonstrate knowledge of the protocols for using patient/client health status information within scope of practice to document, evaluate, and adapt treatment plans.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(1).6 Demonstrate knowledge of how to evaluate patient/client needs, strengths, and problems within scope of practice to determine if treatment goals are being reached.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand H. Health Science Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Diagnostic Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.H.(2).1 Communicate information within a healthcare classroom and demonstrate how to convey this information to appropriate departments and professionals in a timely manner to facilitate sharing of key diagnostic information used in treating patients.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(2).2 Demonstrate knowledge of how to explain procedures and goals to patients/clients accurately and effectively, using a range of response strategies to address patient/client questions and concerns.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.H.(2).3 Interpret and respond to requests for procedures, plan implementation of services, and prepare for specific procedures in the course of conducting regular diagnostic services.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(2).4 Interpret and demonstrate knowledge of the purpose of different procedures, and perform procedures in the classroom.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(2).5 Demonstrate and apply knowledge of the principles of quality assurance, performance improvement, and timely reporting when conducting and reporting diagnostic evaluations, and use appropriate communication channels to maintain high standards of performance.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.H.(2).6 Demonstrate knowledge of how to assess and report patient/client health status information to monitor and document patient progress.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(2).7 Demonstrate understanding of the principles of body mechanics for positioning, transferring, and transporting patients/clients by performing them without injury to the patient/client or self.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand H. Health Science Career Cluster
Pathway (3) Health Informatics
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.H.(3).1 Communicate health/medical information accurately and within legal/regulatory guidelines to uphold the strictest standards of confidentiality.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.H.(3).2 Describe the resources, routes, and flow of information within the healthcare system and participate in the design and implementation of effective information systems or processes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(3).3 Describe the scope of systems operations used to capture, retrieve, and maintain information from internal and external sources utilizing internal and external information and resources accurately and efficiently.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.H.(3).4 Describe the content and diverse uses of healthcare information, and accurately document, communicate, and maintain appropriate information in compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.H.(3).5 Apply the quantitative and qualitative terminology and codes for a range of medical information and analyze the information for designated purposes in order to facilitate the flow of information among individuals in a healthcare environment.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(3).6 Read, interpret, and extract information from medical records and documents, applying knowledge of medical terminology and codes to facilitate the abstraction, coding, and other use of key information.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand H. Health Science Career Cluster
Pathway (4) Support Services
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.H.(4).1 Review, differentiate, assess, and enhance responsibilities and task performance in order to safely follow established internal and external guidelines and provide effective, high quality support.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(4).2 Assess and identify appropriate ways to maximize the use of available resources for both purchasing and maintenance of equipment and materials.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.H.(4).3 Adopt work practices to maintain a clean and healthy environment, and demonstrate best practices to reduce or eliminate pathogenic organisms.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.H.(4).4 Promote the establishment, maintenance, and improvement of healthcare facility standards and assist in the development and implementation of healthcare facility standards.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand H. Health Science Career Cluster
Pathway (5) Biotechnology Research & Development
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.H.(5).1 Summarize the goals of biotechnology research and development and describe how biotechnological products that improve the quality of life are developed within legal and ethical protocols.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(5).2 Apply biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, mathematics, microbiology, molecular biology, organic chemistry, and statistics concepts to conduct effective biotechnology research and development.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(5).3 Demonstrate basic knowledge of recombinant DNA, genetic engineering, bioprocessing, monoclonal antibody production, nanotechnology, bioinformatics, genomics, proteomics, and transcriptomics that is used to conduct biotechnology research and development.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.H.(5).4 Summarize and explain the ethical, moral, and legal issues related to biotech research, product development, and product use in society.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.H.(5).5 Identify and explain processes used for biotechnology product design, development, and production and describe how they work together to demonstrate an understanding of the biotechnology product development process.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.H.(5).6 Demonstrate the principles of solution preparation, sterile techniques, contamination control, and measurement and calibration of instruments following biosafety protocols to maintain a safe laboratory environment.