Core Curriculum Content Standards

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NJ World Class Standards
Content Area: 21st-Century Life and Careers
9.4 Career and Technical Education
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.A.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.A.4 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.5 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.6 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.7 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.8 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.9 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.10 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.11 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.12 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.13 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.14 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.15 Use oral and written communication skills in creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas, including technical terminology and information related to this cluster.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.A.16 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.17 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.18 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.19 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.20 Access and utilize suitable resources to identify and study public policies, issues, and regulations impacting this cluster.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.A.21 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.22 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.23 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.24 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.25 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.26 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.27 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.28 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.29 Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.30 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.31 Access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information using information technology tools specific to this cluster in order to facilitate people, machines, and logistics.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.A.32 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.33 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.34 Examine and summarize roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment to understand the nature and scope of this cluster and related organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.35 Identify how key organizational systems affect organizational performance and the quality of products and services to demonstrate an understanding of how systems are managed and improved in this cluster.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.A.36 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.37 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.38 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.39 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.40 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.41 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.42 Demonstrate knowledge of safe and healthful working conditions and environments that adhere to employee rights and responsibilities and employer obligations in order to promote well-being in workplaces in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.43 Identify and assess types and sources of workplace hazards common to this cluster in order to demonstrate a working understanding of key health and safety concerns.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.44 Examine and summarize the importance of using health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations in this cluster to express their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.A.45 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.46 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.47 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.48 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.49 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.50 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.A.51 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.52 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.53 Demonstrate ethics specific to occupations in this cluster in order to reflect effective stewardship of resources.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.A.54 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.55 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.56 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.57 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.58 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.59 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.60 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.61 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.62 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.63 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.64 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.65 Explain written organizational policies, rules, and procedures that are common to this cluster and that are used to help employees perform their jobs effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.66 Select, research, and examine critical aspects of careers in one or more pathways in order to gain an understanding of the breadth of occupations within this cluster.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.67 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.68 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.69 Demonstrate knowledge of tools, equipment, machinery, and technology used in this cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.70 Compare and contrast issues affecting this cluster to demonstrate an understanding of the trends and issues important to careers in this field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.A.71 Envision emerging technologies and future effects of globalization, and project the influence of these on widespread markets to demonstrate an understanding of technologies and trends that are likely to impact the cluster.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Food Products and Processing Systems Pathway
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.A.(1).1 Examine and conduct food product development and research activities that demonstrate application of food science principles to enhance product quality and appeal.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.A.(1).2 Design procedures and plans that demonstrate application of food processing principles to manage quality control in the food product and processing industry.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(1).3 Plan services associated with the preservation and packaging of food and food products to prepare products for distribution.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.A.(1).4 Identify and apply food processing, handling, and storage factors to demonstrate their potential impact on product quality and safety, including bioterrorism concerns.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (2) Plant Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.A.(2).1 Examine and apply knowledge of basic plant anatomy and physiology, using taxonomic and other classifications to build a working understanding of functional differences among plant structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.(2).2 Describe and implement the principles of plant production and management in both domesticated and natural environments, applying principles of anatomy and physiology to enhance plant production.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(2).3 Evaluate and implement the fundamentals of production and harvesting when producing plants to demonstrate plant management and production techniques.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(2).4 Exercise elements of design commonly used by professionals in plant systems careers by enhancing an environment (e.g., floral, forest, landscape, or farm) for a variety of purposes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (3) Animal Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.A.(3).1 Recognize and interpret animal behaviors and execute protocols for safe handling to protect both animals and humans.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.(3).2 Describe and implement the principles of animal production and management in domesticated and/or natural environments, applying knowledge of anatomy and physiology to enhance animal production.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(3).3 Analyze and implement proper nutrition using accepted protocols and processes to maintain animal performance.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(3).4 Analyze and summarize factors that influence an animal’s reproductive cycle to demonstrate an understanding of the species.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(3).5 Evaluate environmental factors affecting animal performance and implement procedures for enhancing performance to demonstrate effective application of principles to optimize performance.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (4) Power, Structural, and Technical Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.A.(4).1 Examine structural requirements and estimate project costs in order to facilitate effective planning for projects within this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).2 Plan design and construction support services to facilitate the development of agricultural machinery, equipment, buildings, structures, and technical systems.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.A.(4).3 Read and relate structural plans to specifications and building codes to facilitate building construction.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.(4).4 Explain physical science principles and apply them to engineering applications involving mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land treatment, power utilization, and technology to facilitate work within this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).5 Explain principles of operation and maintenance and apply them to mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land treatment, power utilization, and technology to facilitate work within this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).6 Explain principles of service and repair and apply them to mechanical equipment, structures, biological systems, land treatment, power utilization, and technology in order to maintain equipment used in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).7 Construct technical sketches, drawings, and plans using basic skills in blueprint design and development to facilitate design tasks within this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).8 Identify a variety of technologies available to accomplish fast, accurate production in the workplaces in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).9 Assess control systems that use available power sources to facilitate work within agricultural systems.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(4).10 Examine and summarize applications of geospatial technology to demonstrate a broad knowledge of technologies influencing the pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (5) Natural Resources Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.A.(5).1 Communicate about natural resources using effective public venues to heighten awareness regarding conservation and resource preservation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(5).2 Communicate about natural resource production practices and processing procedures to heighten public awareness regarding the responsible and sustainable use of natural resources.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.A.(5).3 Apply scientific principles and processes to natural resource system problems and issues when planning natural resource management activities, to demonstrate understanding of the need, feasibility, and application of logical, reasoned solutions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.A.(5).4 Identify, describe, and develop system management activities in natural habitats to demonstrate recognition of the important relationship between natural resource preservation and human intervention.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.(5).5 Practice responsible control and management procedures and techniques to protect or maintain natural resources in a variety of settings in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (6) Environmental Service Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.A.(6).1 Apply scientific principles to the study of environmental service systems in order to facilitate development of solutions to environmental issues, problems, and applications.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.A.(6).2 Apply scientific principles to environmental systems management activities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(6).3 Identify and describe environmental service systems needed to manage a facility environment (e.g., pollution control, water treatment, wastewater treatment, solid waste management, and energy).                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.A.(6).4 Examine and interpret public policies and regulations impacting environmental services to determine their effect on building operations.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.(6).5 Evaluate environmental services using analytic procedures and instruments.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(6).6 Use surveying and drafting tools, equipment, machinery, and technology to accomplish planning and other tasks in this pathway.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand A. Agriculture, Food, & Natural Resources Career Cluster
Pathway (7) Agribusiness Systems
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.A.(7).1 Develop budget, credit, and optimal application of business assets to promote business financial health, using generally accepted accounting principles to promote business financial well-being.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(7).2 Assess and describe inventory management using industry-specific concepts and inventory control practices to ensure adequate inventory for business demand.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.A.(7).3 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives common to business environments in this industry.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.A.(7).4 Demonstrate good recordkeeping strategies and techniques to accomplish business objectives common to this industry.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(7).5 Appraise, select, and employ technological resources to accomplish business objectives common to this industry.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.A.(7).6 Describe sales and marketing principles common to organizations in this pathway to accomplish business objectives.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


 
Content Area 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical Education All students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand B. Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Academic Foundations: Academic concepts lay the foundation for the full range of career and postsecondary education opportunities within the career cluster.
9.4.12.B.1 Demonstrate language arts knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.2 Demonstrate mathematics knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.3 Demonstrate science knowledge and skills required to pursue the full range of postsecondary education and career opportunities.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.4 Perform math operations, such as estimating and distributing materials and supplies, to complete classroom/workplace tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.5 Apply principles of physics, as they relate to worksite/jobsite situations, to work with materials and load applications.                                                                                                              
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.B.6 Select and employ appropriate reading and communication strategies to learn and use technical concepts and vocabulary in practice.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.7 Demonstrate use of the concepts, strategies, and systems for obtaining and conveying ideas and information to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.8 Locate, organize, and reference written information from various sources to communicate with others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.9 Evaluate and use information resources to accomplish specific occupational tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.10 Use correct grammar, punctuation, and terminology to write and edit documents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.11 Develop and deliver formal and informal presentations using appropriate media to engage and inform audiences.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.12 Interpret verbal and nonverbal cues/behaviors to enhance communication.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.13 Apply active listening skills to obtain and clarify information.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.14 Develop and interpret tables, charts, and figures to support written and oral communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.15 Listen to and speak with diverse individuals to enhance communication skills.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.16 Exhibit public relations skills in order to increase internal and external customer satisfaction.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.17 Use vocabulary and visual cues commonly used in design and construction to communicate successfully.                                                                                                              
Problem-Solving and Critical Thinking: Critical and creative thinking strategies facilitate innovation and problem-solving independently and in teams.
9.4.12.B.18 Employ critical thinking skills (e.g., analyze, synthesize, and evaluate) independently and in teams to solve problems and make decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.19 Employ critical thinking and interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.20 Identify, write, and monitor performance goals to guide progress in assigned areas of responsibility and accountability.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.21 Conduct technical research to gather information necessary for decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.22 Create and implement project plans to accomplish realistic planning in design and construction situations, considering available resources and requirements of a project/problem.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.23 Describe how design and construction project plans and schedules respond to unexpected events and conditions.                                                                                                              
Information Technology Applications: Technology is used to access, manage, integrate, and disseminate information.
9.4.12.B.24 Employ technological tools to expedite workflow.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.25 Operate electronic mail applications to communicate.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.26 Operate Internet applications to perform tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.27 Operate writing and publishing applications to prepare business communications.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.28 Operate presentation applications to prepare and deliver presentations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.29 Employ spreadsheet applications to organize and manipulate data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.30 Employ database applications to manage data.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.31 Employ collaborative/groupware applications to facilitate group work.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.32 Employ computer operations applications to manage work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.33 Use computer-based equipment (containing embedded computers or processors) to control devices.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.34 Examine comments and suggestions from customers to formulate improvements in services/products and to enhance training of staff.                                                                                                              
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.B.35 Describe the nature and types of business organizations to build an understanding of the scope of organizations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.36 Describe and use quality control systems and practices to ensure quality products and services.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.37 Examine how roles and responsibilities among trades/professions work in concert to complete a project/job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.38 Examine all factors affecting the project planning process.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.39 Describe union-management relationships and contracts that involve creating a cooperative work environment.                                                                                                              
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.B.40 Demonstrate knowledge of personal and jobsite safety rules and regulations to maintain safe and healthful working conditions and environments.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.41 Demonstrate knowledge of employee rights and responsibilities and employers’ obligations to maintain workplace safety and health.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.42 Identify emergency procedures that are necessary to provide aid in workplace accidents.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.43 Identify response techniques to create a disaster and/or emergency response plan.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.44 Explain health, safety, and environmental management systems in organizations and their importance to organizational performance and regulatory compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.45 Evaluate organizational policies and procedures that contribute to continuous improvement in performance and compliance.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.46 Assess and describe the types and sources of hazards to ensure a safe environment.                                                                                                              
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.B.47 Employ leadership skills to accomplish goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.48 Employ organizational skills to foster positive working relationships and accomplish organizational goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.49 Employ teamwork skills to achieve collective goals and use team members’ talents effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.50 Establish and maintain effective relationships in order to accomplish objectives and tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.51 Conduct and participate in meetings to accomplish tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.52 Employ mentoring skills to assist others.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.53 Establish specific goals to manage project assignments in a timely manner.                                                                                                              
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.
9.4.12.B.54 Apply ethical reasoning to a variety of situations in order to make ethical decisions.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.55 Interpret and explain written organizational policies and procedures that help workers perform their tasks according to employer rules and expectations.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.56 Recognize legal and ethical relationships between employees and employers to establish workplace/jobsite rules, regulations, and guidelines in a design and/or construction setting.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.57 Read regulations and contracts to ensure ethical and safety elements are observed.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.58 Identify and summarize ethical and legal standards to avoid conflicts of interest in a design and/or construction setting.                                                                                                              
Employability and Career Development: Employability skills and career and entrepreneurship opportunities build the capacity for successful careers in a global economy.
9.4.12.B.59 Identify and demonstrate positive work behaviors and personal qualities needed to succeed in the classroom and/or to be employable.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.60 Develop a Personalized Student Learning Plan to meet career goals and objectives.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.61 Demonstrate skills related to seeking and applying for employment in a desired job.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.62 Maintain a career portfolio to document knowledge, skills, and experience in a career field.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.63 Demonstrate skills in evaluating and comparing employment opportunities in order to accept employment positions that match career goals.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.64 Identify and exhibit traits for retaining employment.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.65 Identify and explore careers in one or more career pathways to build an understanding of the opportunities available in the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.66 Examine requirements for career advancement to plan for continuing education and training.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.67 Research professional development opportunities needed to keep current on relevant trends and information within the cluster.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.68 Examine licensing, certification, and credentialing requirements at the national, state, and local levels to maintain compliance with industry requirements.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.69 Examine employment opportunities in entrepreneurship as an option for career planning.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.70 Explain written organizational policies, rules, and procedures that are common to this cluster and that are used to help employees perform their jobs effectively.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.71 Recognize the responsibilities of and personal characteristics needed to succeed in careers in this cluster to develop individual goals for professionalism.                                                                                                              
Technical Skills: Technical knowledge and skills play a role in all careers within the cluster and pathway.
9.4.12.B.72 Employ information management techniques and strategies to assist in decision-making.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.73 Employ planning and time management skills and tools to enhance results and complete work tasks.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.74 Read, interpret, and use technical drawings, documents, and specifications to plan a project.                                                                                                              
9.4.12.B.75 Use and maintain appropriate tools, machinery, equipment, and resources to accomplish project goals.                                                                                                              

ContentArea 21st-Century Life and Careers
Standard 9.4 Career and Technical EducationAll students who complete a career and technical education program will acquire academic and technical skills for careers in emerging and established professions that lead to technical skill proficiency, credentials, certificates, licenses, and/or degrees. (For descriptions of the 16 career clusters, see the Career Clusters Table.)
Strand B. Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
Pathway (1) Design/Pre-Construction
By the end of grade Content Statement CPI# Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
12
Communication Skills: All clusters rely on effective oral and written communication strategies for creating, expressing, and interpreting information and ideas that incorporate technical terminology and information.
9.4.12.B.(1).1 Demonstrate communication skills and strategies that are used to work effectively with potential clients and others.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).2 Employ appropriate representational media to communicate concepts and design.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Systems:
  • Roles within teams, work units, departments, organizations, inter-organizational systems, and the larger environment impact business operations.

  • Key organizational systems impact organizational performance and the quality of products and services.

  • Understanding the global context of 21st-century industries and careers impacts business operations.
9.4.12.B.(1).3 Integrate structural, environmental, safety, building envelope, and building service systems in the design of buildings and structures.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
9.4.12.B.(1).4 Review traditional project phases and various roles within them to plan for and implement phases within a project.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Safety, Health, and Environment: Implementation of health, safety, and environmental management systems and organizational policies and procedures impacts organizational performance, regulatory compliance, and continuous improvement.
9.4.12.B.(1).5 Evaluate and select suitable environmental impact practices to enhance project acceptance and quality.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Leadership and Teamwork: Effective leadership and teamwork strategies foster collaboration and cooperation between business units, business partners, and business associates toward the accomplishment of organizational goals.
9.4.12.B.(1).6 Appreciate the diversity of needs, values, and social patterns in project design to appropriately meet client needs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
Ethics and Legal Responsibilities: Legal responsibilities, professional ethics, and codes of conduct affect management practices, business performance, and regulatory compliance, as well as the confidence of customers, business partners, and investors.