1997 COHORT STATE SUMMARY
Includes October 1997 and April 1998 Administrations

The New Jersey Grade 11 High School Proficiency Test (HSPT 11) consists of three sections-Reading, Mathematics, and Writing -- and must be passed as one of the requirements for a high school diploma. Students who do not pass all three sections receive additional instruction and are retested on the section or sections they did not pass.

In fall 1995, the New Jersey Department of Education began cohort tracking with regular students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time. Cohort tracking follows New Jersey public high school students' educational progress in meeting the HSPT 11 requirement during the two-year period that students typically are in the eleventh and twelfth grades. The 1997 Cohort State Summary printed in this report shows the progress of the 1997 Cohort -- the third cohort group-toward passing the HSPT 11 during the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations for students who entered the eleventh grade in fall 1997.

The HSPT 11 was administered October 7 - 9 and October 14 - 16, 1997 to regular eleventh-grade students in the 1997 cohort. Students who did not pass all sections of the HSPT 11 were retested April 7 - 9 or April 14 - 16, 1998. Also, eleventh-grade students who had not tested in October 1997 took the HSPT 11 for the first time during the April 1998 administration.

Table 1 presents statewide results of the October 1997 eleventh-grade students' progress toward meeting the HSPT 11 requirement. The first column shows that 64,072 students were enrolled statewide in the eleventh grade during the October 1997 administration. This figure excludes classified special education students, limited English proficient students, County Educational Services Commission students, and students who had been retained in the eleventh grade. The enrollment includes 280 eleventh-grade students who passed all test sections in the previous academic year as retained tenth-graders and were enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time in October 1997.

Approximately 76% of the 64,072 enrolled students passed all sections of the HSPT 11 during the October 1997 administration. Following the April 1998 administration, 86.7% of the original group of 64,072 had passed all sections of the HSPT 11. Passing information for the 64,072 students is printed in the "Static" section of the report.

Between the October 1997 and the April 1998 administrations, the enrollment increased by 1,060 students and decreased by 1,036 students statewide. This resulted in an updated enrollment of 64,096. Updated passing information is printed in the "Dynamic" section of the report.

Table 1
1997 Cohort State Summary
Statewide Results

 

SUBJECT

STATIC DYNAMIC
Fall '97
Grade 11
Enrollment
October 1997 ApnI 1998 UPDATED MOBILITY
INDEX
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Enroll-
ment
Number
Passing
%
Passing
READING 64,072 53,613 83.7 59.552 92.9 64,096 59,985 93.6
MATHEMATICS 64,072 54,812 85.5 58,258 90.9 64,096 58,624 91.5
WRITING 64,072 55,958 87.3 59,561 93.0 64,096 59,861 93.4
TOTAL HSPT 64,072 48,551 75.8 55,535 86.7 64,096 55,959 87.3 3.3

The statewide mobility index of 3.3 is printed in the final column of Table 1. The mobility index gives the percentage of students who entered and exited the cohort group (exited students plus entering students divided by fall 1997 enrollment). Neither the mobility index nor any other summary statistics shown in this report directly account for absenteeism -- which is known to be a factor in student performance.

The data in this report are based on information collected from students' answer folders. Subsequent to the distribution of test results in January 1998 and June 1998, there was a procedure for amending student identification information to correct errors that were made when students' answer folders were completed. Corrections to student identification information that were received by the State Department of Education by January 23, 1998 for the October administration and June 19, 1998 for the April administration have been included in these summaries.

This 1997 Cohort State Summary presents passing information for the grade 11 student population that was administered the HSPT 11 in October 1997 and April 1998. The figure below shows that student enrollment included in the 1997 Cohort State Summary varies from that shown on the State Summary (Grade 11 October 1997 administration), and the Cycle I and Cycle 11 reports.

Identifying Student Enrollment

1997 Cohort State Summary
(Static Cohort)

Cycle 1, Cycle 11, and State Summary
Grade 11 Enrollment

Includes:
  • Students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time.
  • Students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time who previously passed all three test sections as retained tenth-graders.

Excludes:

  • SE & LE
  • Students who have been retained in the eleventh grade
  • County Educational Services Commission students
Includes:
  • Students enrolled in the eleventh grade (including students retained in the eleventh grade)
  • Eleventh-grade students tested for the first time
  • Retested eleventh-graders

Excludes:

  • SE & LE
  • Eleventh-grade students who previously passed all three sections
  • County Educational Services Commission students

 

IMPORTANT COHORT DEFINITIONS

Cohorts are defined in two different ways: static (unchanging) and dynamic (changing). A mobility index is reported to indicate the percentage of students entering and exiting the cohort group.

STATIC Number of regular students enrolled in the eleventh grade for the first time at the conclusion of make-up testing in October
  • Includes regular enrolled students who were absent for the October test administration
  • Includes regular enrolled students who passed all test sections as retained tenth graders in the 1996-97 academic year (either or both fall and spring test administrations) and who were enrolled as regular eleventh-grade students in fall 1997
  • Excludes special education (SE) and limited English proficient (LE) students
  • Excludes students previously enrolled in eleventh grade and considered retained eleventh graders as of October 1997

The static cohort is fixed (or locked in) at the conclusion of the amendment procedure for the October test administration. This enrollment number will define the base number to calculate the percentage of students in the static cohort who pass the HSPT1 1 during the two-year cohort period. The static cohort remains fixed throughout the two-year cohort period and does not account for student transfers in or out of the school, district, or state, or for changes in student status.

DYNAMIC Begins with the same students as in the static cohort, but is adjusted after each of the three subsequent test administrations in the cohort period to reflect changes in the cohort since it was initially established

The dynamic cohort reflects changes based on students entering or leaving the school, district, or state; changes in students' grade status; and changes in student status with regard to special education (SE) and limited English proficiency (LE). For example, a student who was identified as special education in the junior year would not be included in the static cohort; however, if the student was declassified in the senior year, the student would be added to the dynamic cohort.

MOBILITY Indicates the percentage of change to the static cohort of the initial eleventh grade regular student enrollment based on entering and exiting students for the school, district, and state; changes in grade level; and changes in SE or LE status

The lower the mobility index, the greater the continuity of the students' educational experiences. The dynamic updated percents passing reflect the students who are enrolled at the time of the April 1998 test administration. Periodically, districts will receive cohort rosters to keep apprised of the names of students included in both the static and dynamic cohorts; and will have the opportunity to update student information for the dynamic cohort that will be reflected in future Cohort State Summary reports.

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE 1997 COHORT STATE SUMMARY

Table 2 summarizes the progress of the 1997 cohort in Special Needs Districts, All Other Districts, and District Factor Groups (DFGs) toward meeting the HSPT1 1 requirement. Finally, the detailed report contains district-by-district and school-by-school results grouped by DFG. Progress for each subject -- Reading, Mathematics, and Writing -- are included in all tables. An explanation of the District Factor Groups is included at the end of this report.

SPECIAL NEEDS Of the 9,879 Grade 11 students enrolled in the Special Needs Districts in October  1997, 42.7% passed all three sections during the October 1997 administration and 17% more passed during the April 1998 administration. The percentage, 59.7%, printed in the April 1998 static column indicates the percentage of students in the original group of 9,879 enrolled students who had passed all three sections after the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations.

The dynamic section of the report shows the number of students enrolled following the April 1998 administration. The enrollment number printed in the dynamic section indicates that 9,867 students were enrolled in April 1998. This is a decrease of 12 students. Of the 9,867 students in the cohort group, 60.9% had passed all three sections of the test following the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations.

ALL OTHER Of the 54,193 Grade 11 students enrolled in the All Other Districts in October 1997, 81.8% passed all three sections during the October 1997 administration and 9.8% more passed during the April 1998 administration. The percentage, 91.6%, printed in the April 1998 static column indicates the percentage of students in the original group of 54,193 enrolled students who had passed all three sections after the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations.

The dynamic section of the report shows the number of students enrolled following the April 1998 administration. The enrollment number printed in the dynamic section indicates that 54,219 students were enrolled in April 1998. This is an increase of 26 students. Of the 54,219 students in the cohort group, 92.1 % had passed all three sections of the test following the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations.

DISTRICT FACTOR Of the 10,359 Grade 11 students enrolled in DFG DE in October 1997, 79.5% passed all three sections during the October 1997 administration and 11.6% more passed during the April 1998 administration. The percentage, 91.1 %, printed in the April 1998 static column indicates the percentage of sti idents in the original group of 10,359 enrolled students who had passed all three sections after the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations.

The dynamic section of the report shows the number of students enrolled followingthe April 1998 administration. The enrollment number printed in the dynamic section for DFG DE shows that 10,365 students were enrolled in April 1998. This is an increase of 6 students in the DFG DE cohort group. Of the 10,365 students in the DFG DE cohort group, 91.7% had passed all three sections of the HSPT1 1 following the October 1997 and April 1998 administrations. The mobility index for DFG DEwas 2.7.

Dynamic information for DFG A indicates that 55.8% of the 7,982 students enrolled in April 1998 had passed all three sections of the HSPT1 1. The mobility index for DFG A was 10.6. Similarly, the dynamic information indicates for DFG B that 84.6% of the 6,205 students enrolled in April 1998 had passed all three sections of the HSPT1 1 while the mobility index for DFG B was 4.6.

 

Table 2
1997 Cohort State Summary
SpecialNeeds Districts and
District Factor Groups

 

SUBJECT

STATIC DYNAMIC
 

Fall '97
Grade 11
Enrollment

0ctober 1997 April 1998 UPDATED MOBILITY
INDEX
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Number
Passing
%
Passing
Enroll-
ment
Number
Passing
%
Passing
SPECIAL NEEDS DISTRICTS
SPECIAL NEEDS  
READING 9,879 5.660 57.3 7,474 75.7 9,867 7,619 77.2  
MATHEMATICS 9,879 5,774 58.4 6,854 69.4 9,867 6,973 70.7  
WRITING 9,879 6.364 64.4 7,533 76.3 9,867 7,625 77.3  
TOTAL HSPT 9,879 4,218 42.7 5,899 59.7 9,867 6,005 60.9 9.2
 
ALL OTHERS
READING 54,193 47,953 88.5 52,078 96.1 54,219 52,362 96.6  
MATHEMATICS 54,193 49,038 90.5 51,404 94.9 54,219 51,646 95.3  
WRITING 54,193 49,594 91.5 52,028 96.0 54,219 52,230 96.3  
TOTAL HSPT 54,193 44,333 81.8 49,636 91.6 54,219 49,951 92.1 2.5
   
DISTRICT FACTOR GROUPS 
 DFG A                             
 READING    7,970    4,268    53.6    5,748     72.1    7,982    5,898    73.9     
 MATHEMATICS     7,970    4,275    53.6    5,184    65.0     7,982    5,306    66.5     
 WRITING    7,970    4,858    61.0    5,819    73.0    7,982    5,911    74.1     
 TOTAL HSPT    7,970    3,068    38.5    4,351     54.6    7,982    4,451    55.8    10.6  
    
 DFG B  
 READING    6,239    4,908    78.7    5,722    91.7    6,205    5,747    92.6     
 MATHEMATICS  6,239  5,163  82.8  5,604  89.8  6,205  5,638  90.9  
 WRITING  6,239  5,166   82.8  5,703  91.4  6,205  5,722  92.2  
 TOTAL HSPT  6,239  4,248  68.1     5,209   83.5  6,205  5,250  84.6  4.6
 
 DFG CD
 READING   6,628  5,550  83.7  6,222  93.9  6,638  6,284  94.7  
 MATHEMATICS   6,628  5,688  85.8  6,092  91.9  6,638  6,144  92.6  
 WRITING   6,628  5,769  87.0  6,214  93.8  6,638  6,264  94.4  
 TOTAL HSPT   6,628  4,900  73.9   5,762  86.9  6,638  5,828  87.8    4.4
 
 DFG DE
 READING   10,359   9,009   87.0   9,935   95.9  10,365   9,990   96.4  
 MATHEMATICS   10,359  9,256  89.4  9,795  94.6  10,365  9,845   95.0  
 WRITING   10,359  9,488  91.6  9,956  96.1  10,365   9,992  96.4  
 TOTAL HSPT   10,359  8,239   79.5  9,439  91.1  10,365  9,502  91.7  2.7
 
 DFG FG
 READING   8,033   7,147  89.0  7,752  96.5  8,035  7,786  96.9  
 MATHEMATICS   8,033   7,317  91.1  7,636  95.1  8,035  7,656  95.3  
 WRITING   8,033  7,398  92.1  7,738  96.3  8,035  7,759  96.6  
 TOTAL HSPT   8,033  6,646  82.7  7,408  92.2  8,035  7,446  92.7  2.3
  
 DFG GH  
 READING   11,060   10,172    92.0    10,785    97.5    11,079    10,831    97.8     
 MATHEMATICS   11,060   10,343    93.5    10,688    96.6    11,079    10,729    96.8     
WRITING  11,060   10,372    93.8    10,785    97.5    11,079    10,824    97.7     
TOTAL HSPT  11,060   9,596    86.8    10,459    94.6    11,079    10,512    94.9    2.1  
  
 DFG I  
 READING     11,121     10,534     94.7     10,952     98.5     11,162     11,017    98.7     
 MATHEMATICS     11,121    10,697     96.2     10,917     98.2    11,162     10,975    98.3     
 WRITING  11,121  10,739  96.6   10.945  98.4  11,162  10,996  98.5  
 TOTAL HSPT  11,121  10,172   91.5   10,758   96.7  11,162  10,822   97.0   1.8
 
 DFG J
 READING  450  438   97.3  448  99.6  447  445    99.6  
 MATHEMATICS  450  441    98.0  446  99.1  447  445  99.6  
 WRITING  450  439    97.6  446  99.1  447  443  99.1  
 TOTAL HSPT  450  425    94.4    444  98.7  447  442  98.9  1.6
 
 VOCATIONAL/TECHNICAL DISTRICTS
 READING   2,212  1,587  71.7  1,988   89.9  2,165  1,977  91.3  
 MATHEMATICS   2,212  1,632  73.8  1,896   85.7   2,165  1,876  86.7  
 WRITING   2,212  1,729  78.2  1,955  88.4   2,165  1,938  89.5  
 TOTAL HSPT   2,212  1,257  56.8  1,705  77.1   2,165  1,699  78.5  4.7