Time in School Definition
The New Jersey's Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Flexibility Waiver Application requires states to annually review the performance of schools to determine if their Annual Progress Targets are being made. Progress measures the percentage of students meeting or exceeding the progress targets to determine if schools are narrowing the achievement gap, and making progress toward the State's proficiency goal of 90% for all students. Schools must identify students who have not been enrolled for a full academic year, so the assessment results of these students can be excluded from the school's accountability profile. New Jersey's Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook, approved by the United States Department of Education (USDE), defines a full academic year as the "term that begins on July 1 and ends on or about June 30." The workbook states, "Any student enrolling in a school or district for the first time after July 1, up to the test administration date, will not have been considered to be enrolled for a full academic year."
- A student is considered in school less than a year (TIS<1) if the student has changed his/her residence and changed their school, that is, moved into the district or moved within the district, by July 1.
- TIS<1 does not apply if the residence of the student did not change, but the assigned school changed, either due to new school construction, district reconfiguration, or natural progression of grade span.
- TIS<1 applies if the residence of the student did not change, but the assigned school changed due to a charter school, private school, private transfer or inter-district school choice option transfer change.