NJ Home | Services A to Z | Departments/Agencies | FAQs
Search
logo graphic
assignment nj logo graphic assignment nj logo graphic
assignment nj logo graphic assignment nj logo graphic
assignment nj links graphic






 

Delaware Indians

Colonial Times

Revolution

Battle of Trenton

Early Statehood

Industry, Immigrants and Innovation

The 1900s

 
     
  artist rendering of The Battle of Trenton  

 


A Short History of New Jersey

Battle of Trenton

In November of 1776 the British gained control of New Jersey and forced Washington to flee into Pennsylvania. They thought no one would fight during winter, so the British and Hessian soldiers in New Jersey divided into camps to stay until spring. Trenton was considered the most desirable post, and it went to the Hessian soldiers as a reward for their good service. The Hessians used the Old Barracks in Trenton as a headquarters.

The British didn't chase Washington across the Delaware River because it was full of blocks of ice that made it dangerous to cross. The Hessians didn't patrol along the river because they thought Washington couldn't cross back. But in December, Washington and his men decided to cross. Washington's men had to push away blocks of ice from the boat's path while paddling hard to fight the strong current. (If you like, play a fun game called Washington Crosses the Delaware.)

Once across, Washington decided to separate and surprise the Hessians in Trenton from two sides. The plan worked, and the patriots captured 900 prisoners while only four American soldiers were wounded. For maps and more information about the Battle of Trenton, visit "10 Crucial Days" on the Old Barracks Museum Web site

Next: Early Statehood


 
footer graphic
Hangout NJ Home Page Web Accessibility Policy State Legal Notice State Privacy Notice State Feedback Page and Contact List Parents and Teachers Internet Safety Past Features timline short history symbols facts maps famous firsts past features