Prostate Cancer In New Jersey 1979-1996
Appendices

  • Appendix I: Recommendations Regarding Screening for Prostate Cancer

  • Appendix II: Prostate Cancer in New Jersey - Tables
    • Table 4.    Prostate Cancer Incidence and Incidence Rates by Year and Race, New Jersey - 1979 - 1996
    • Table 5.    Prostate Cancer Age-Specific Incidence and Incidence Rates by Race,New Jersey - 1979 -1996
    • Table 6.    Prostate Cancer Age-Specific Incidence and Incidence Rates by Year, New Jersey -1979 - 1996
    • Table 7.    Prostate Cancer Stage at Diagnosis by Year, New Jersey - 1979 - 1996
    • Table 8.    Prostate Cancer Stage at Diagnosis by Year, Whites, New Jersey -1979 1996
    • Table 9.    Prostate Cancer Stage at Diagnosis by Year, Blacks, New Jersey -1979 - 1996
    • Table 10.   Prostate Cancer Mortality and Mortality Rates by Year and Race, New Jersey - 1979 - 1996
    • Table 11.   Prostate Cancer Age-Specific Mortality and Mortality Rates by Race, New Jersey - 1979 - 1996


Appendix I:
Recommendations Regarding Screening For Prostate Cancer

The American Cancer Society

Recommends that patients seek the advice of their physician in making a decision whether to be screened. The following are the screening guidelines.

Age 50 and older

  • annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
  • annual digital rectal exam (DRE)

For men at high risk including African-American men and men with a family history of prostate cancer (age to be determined by the physician)

  • annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
  • annual digital rectal exam (DRE)

New Jersey Prostate Cancer Summit

Age 50 and older who have at least a 10-year life expectancy
  • annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
  • annual digital rectal exam (DRE)

Men at high risk (including African American men and men with a family history of prostate cancer) should begin screening at a younger age to be decided on with their physician.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Both agencies do not recommend routine screening, but stress that patients who request screening be given objective information about early detection and the potential benefits and risks of screening.

The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services

  • All men over 50 years of age should have annual screening for prostate
    cancer.
  • Men over 40 who are black or who are at high risk because of family history
    should also be screened annually.

The screening tests should include DRE at a minimum and may include PSA. All men considering or having the screening tests should be fully informed about the benefits and risks of screening.


Appendix II
Prostate Cancer In New Jersey
Tables

Table 4
Prostate Cancer Incidence And
Incidence Rates By Year And Race, New Jersey
1979-1996*

YEARRACE
ALL RACESWHITEBLACKOTHERUNKNOWN
NumberRateNumberRateNumberRateNumberNumber
19792,57475.92,27572.6288121.265
19802,70878.82,35974.5331136.5711
19812,70978.12,38074.4305127.4177
19822,74777.62,39273.5329128.0188
19832,86379.52,53976.6304116.0128
19842,99081.52,60177.2354132.01619
19853,01080.22,64677.1343120.8714
19863,07681.12,71178.0337119.01216
19873,26984.82,89382.1346119.21812
19883,54991.13,09687.1420142.51617
19893,66293.03,20189.2388125.22647
19904,405110.73,814105.4471152.22694
19916,020148.65,251142.7558175.541170
19927,954194.26,835184.7748227.570301
19937,228175.36,006162.0842247.256324
19946,329152.75,188139.9752214.779310
19956,229148.45,116137.2851229.280182
19966,266148.75,243140.9829215.586108
TOTAL77,588110.966,546104.58,796162.15931,653
*Incidence rates - per 100,000 men, age-adjusted to the 1970 U.S. standard population. Includes invasive prostate cancer cases; does not include in situ prostate cancer cases. Rates were not calculated for men of other or unknown race.

Table 5
Prostate Cancer Age-Specific Incidence
And Incidence Rates By Race, New Jersey
1979-1996*

AGERACE
ALL RACESWHITEBLACK
NumberRateNumberRateNumberRate
< 451300.3950.31960.3
45-542,13128.71,59325.243552.6
55-6413,708216.411,061197.02,206367.5
65-7432,048703.727,640666.63,5291010.0
75-8423,5141149.120,7761098.42,1081598.7
85+6,0531330.65,3801278.54991653.1
TOTAL77,588116.766,546120.08,79699.9
*Incidence rates per 100,000 men. Includes invasive prostate cancer cases; does not include in situ prostate cancer cases. Rates were not calculated for numbers of cases fewer than twenty or for men of unknown age, other race, or unknown race.

Table 6
Prostate Cancer Age-Specific Incidence
And Incidence Rates By Year, New Jersey- 1979-1996*

YEARAGE-GROUP
< 4545-5455-6465-7475-8485+
No.RateNo.RateNo.RateNo.RateNo. RateNo.Rate
1979 5 -72 17.8 450 121.1 992 443.8 816 898.5 238 1137.5
1980 --59 14.9 460 122.9 1,018 445.9 891 961.1 277 1290.5
1981 7 -67 17.2 428 113.9 981 421.9 937 993.3 288 1319.9
1982 6 -69 18.0 454 120.8 998 419.4 937 972.2 283 1261.1
1983 --40 10.6 463 123.1 1,055 435.2 1,009 1018.8 293 1286.3
1984 --55 14.6 467 124.3 1,181 481.0 943 929.3 342 1472.4
1985 --59 15.7 526 140.8 1,178 470.3 949 909.5 293 1248.3
1986 6 -51 13.6 509 137.7 1,170 460.5 1,055 982.6 285 1206.9
1987 5 -62 16.2 463 127.5 1,324 513.3 1,095 990.2 320 1335.2
1988 7 -72 18.2 543 152.7 1,421 549.2 1,192 1050.8 314 1291.2
1989 6 -68 16.9 560 162.1 1,515 581.1 1,177 1010.4 336 1347.4
1990 6 -92 22.6 687 203.4 1,780 678.2 1,454 1216.0 386 1513.5
1991 7 -106 25.6 927 279.1 2,620 990.0 1,918 1555.1 442 1679.0
1992 13 -177 40.5 1,407 430.1 3,506 1317.9 2,347 1840.5 504 1856.4
1993 15 -221 48.8 1,379 426.6 3,125 1168.5 2,037 1558.5 451 1588.9
1994 11 -241 51.5 1,295 403.1 2,745 1028.0 1,671 1245.2 366 1236.0
1995 12 -274 56.9 1,291 405.9 2,777 1034.2 1,569 1126.8 306 964.7
1996 13 -346 69.8 1,399440.0 2,662 999.9 1,517 1048.0 329 989.4.
TOTAL1300.3 2,131 28.7 3,708216.4 32,048703.7 23,514 1149.1 6,053 1330.6
*Incidence rates per 100,000 men. Includes invasive prostate cancer cases; does not include in situ prostate cancer cases. Rates were not calculated for numbers less than 20. Numbers less than 5 are not shown.

Table 7
Prostate Cancer Stage At Diagnosis
By Year, New Jersey- 1979-1996*

YEARSTAGE AT DIAGNOSIS
TOTALIN SITULOCALIZEDREGIONALDISTANTUNKNOWN
No.No.PercentNo.PercentNo. PercentNo.PercentNo.Percent
1979 2,590 160.61,438 55.5 40 1.5 112 4.3 984 38.0
1980 2,724 160.61,438 52.8 77 2.8 150 5.5 1,043 38.3
1981 2,719 100.41,440 53.0 130 4.8 225 8.3 914 33.6
1982 2,763 170.71,571 56.9 120 4.3 285 10.3 770 27.8
1983 2,878 150.61,627 56.5 156 5.4 406 14.1 674 23.3
1984 3,005 140.61,638 54.5 199 6.6 572 19.0 582 19.2
1985 3,032 22 1.01,696 55.9 214 7.1 675 22.3 425 13.8
1986 3,100 240.81,721 55.5 239 7.7 677 21.8 439 14.1
1987 3,288 190.61,818 55.3 306 9.3 629 19.1 516 15.6
1988 3,564 15 0.51,901 53.3 366 10.3 715 20.1 568 15.9
1989 3,684 22 0.61,910 51.8 413 11.2 678 18.4 661 17.9
1990 4,440 36 0.82,181 49.1 542 12.2 727 16.4 954 21.5
1991 6,065 44 0.83,358 55.4 798 13.2 717 11.8 1,148 18.8
1992 8,001 47 0.64,456 55.7 1,003 12.5 640 8.0 1,855 23.1
1993 7,267 39 0.64,041 55.6 879 12.1 505 6.9 1,803 24.8
1994 6,377 480.83,585 56.2 678 10.6 372 5.8 1,694 26.5
1995 6,265 370.73,815 60.9 641 10.2 336 5.4 1,436 22.8
1996 6,286 190.44,166 66.3 543 8.6 291 4.6 1,267 20.1
TOTAL78,048 4600.743,800 56.1 7,344 9.4 8,712 11.2 17,732 22.7
*Includes invasive and in situ prostate cancer cases.

Table 8
Prostate Cancer Stage At Diagnosis,
Whites, New Jersey - 1979-1996*

YEARSTAGE AT DIAGNOSIS
TOTALIN SITULOCALIZEDREGIONALDISTANTUNKNOWN
No.No.PercentNo.PercentNo. PercentNo.PercentNo.Percent
1979 2,290150.71,299 56.739 1.7 92 4.0 845 36.9
1980 2374160.71,279 53.964 2.7 125 5.3 890 37.5
1981 238880.31,282 53.7116 4.9 193 8.1 789 33.0
1982 2406150.71,388 57.7105 4.4 231 9.6 667 27.6
1983 2553140.61,464 57.3143 5.6 348 13.6 584 22.8
1984 2615130.71,443 55.2171 6.5 479 18.3 509 19.3
1985 2667211.11,541 57.8187 7.0 547 20.5 371 13.6
1986 2733220.81,550 56.7215 7.9 563 20.6 383 14.0
1987 2912190.71,646 56.5268 9.2 530 18.2 449 15.4
1988 3110130.51,698 54.6326 10.5 568 18.3 505 16.1
1989 3220190.61,732 53.8351 10.9 558 17.3 560 17.2
1990 3844310.81,946 50.6475 12.4 598 15.6 794 20.6
1991 5292400.93,045 57.5706 13.3 585 11.1 916 17.4
1992 6875400.64,013 58.4868 12.6 503 7.3 1,451 21.0
1993 6040320.63,533 58.5749 12.4 370 6.1 1,356 22.4
1994 5225370.83,080 58.9563 10.8 287 5.5 1,258 24.0
1995 5143280.73,237 62.9519 10.1 243 4.7 1,116 21.6
1996 5257120.33,544 67.4452 8.6 211 4.0 1,038 19.7
TOTAL66,944 3950.738,720 57.86,317 9.4 7,031 10.5 14,481 21.6
*Includes invasive and in situ prostate cancer cases.


Table 9
Prostate Cancer Stage At Diagnosis,
Blacks, New Jersey - 1979-1996*

YEARSTAGE AT DIAGNOSIS
TOTALIN SITULOCALIZEDREGIONALDISTANTUNKNOWN
No.No.PercentNo.PercentNo. PercentNo.PercentNo.Percent
1979 289 10.3130 45.01 0.3 20 6.9 137 47.4
1980 332 10.3148 44.612 3.6 23 6.9 148 44.6
1981 307 20.7145 47.212 3.9 31 10.1 117 38.1
1982 331 20.6168 50.814 4.2 53 16.0 94 28.4
1983 304 00.0154 50.713 4.3 58 19.1 79 26.0
1984 354 00.0178 50.3 28 7.9 90 25.4 59 16.4
1985 344 10.3145 42.227 7.8 125 36.3 46 13.4
1986 338 10.6158 46.723 6.8 112 33.1 44 12.7
1987 346 00.0160 46.2 38 11.0 95 27.5 53 15.3
1988 421 10.2191 45.437 8.8 142 33.7 50 11.9
1989 391 30.8155 39.659 15.0 114 29.2 60 15.3
1990 475 40.8205 43.262 13.1 121 25.5 83 17.5
1991 561 30.5263 46.984 15.1 123 21.9 88 15.7
1992 752 40.7375 49.9121 16.1 127 16.9 125 16.5
1993 845 40.6451 53.4120 14.2 128 15.1 143 16.7
1994 754 20.4433 57.4104 13.8 77 10.2 138 18.2
1995 855 40.5515 60.2106 12.4 88 10.3 142 16.6
1996 835 60.8561 67.283 9.9 72 8.6 113 13.4
TOTAL8,834 390.54,535 51.3 944 10.7 1,599 18.1 1,717 19.4
*Includes invasive and in situ prostate cancer cases

Table 10
Prostate Cancer Mortality And
Mortality Rates By Year And Race, New Jersey
1979-1996*

YEARRACE
ALL RACESWHITEBLACK
NumberRateNumberRateNumberRate
197974422.764321.310043.6
198078623.767622.110947.5
198175222.365521.09540.9
198280423.569021.811247.6
198384624.272622.711846.1
198488124.975723.212249.5
198588624.474122.214254.7
198691324.578022.812947.2
198788423.575822.012343.9
198890723.977522.213147.2
19891,06227.689725.515855.3
19901,12928.795426.617159.7
19911,09927.593525.615652.9
19921,13127.996226.016152.3
19931,20129.099926.419260.5
19941,05124.887622.617154.5
19951,14526.293523.619457.0
19961,13025.293423.019354.2
TOTAL17,35125.414,69323.52,57751.3
*Mortality rates per 100,000 men, age-adjusted to the 1970 U.S. standard population.

Table 11
Prostate Cancer Age-Specific Mortality
And Mortality Rates By Race, New Jersey
1979-1996*

*AGERACE
ALL RACESWHITEBLACK
NumberRateNumberRateNumberRate
> 45240.1200.13-
45-541982.71382.2566.8
55-64158125.0118821.238464.0
65-745257115.44353105.0881252.2
75-846967340.56018318.2915693.9
85+3324730.72976707.23381119.8
TOTAL17,35126.11469326.5257729.3
Mortality rates per 100,000 men, age-adjusted to the 1970 U.S. standard population. Rates were not calculated for numbers of cases fewer than twenty.


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