New In This Update
To date, 1 test was positive, 24 were negative and 37 are pending.
New Jersey's first WNV positive case of the season is a 72-year old Bergenfield woman. Testing on serum and spinal fluid samples completed Aug. 29 by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services laboratories were consistent with the WNV diagnosis. Final confirmation of this case will be made by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) within a few weeks. The patient was admitted to Holy Name Hospital in Teaneck at the end of July with symptoms consistent with WNV infection, including a fever greater than 100 degrees, muscle weakness and malaise. While her mental status has improved, she continues to experience weakness in her legs and is receiving rehabilitative therapy.
Human testing for WNV is being conducted at the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services' Public Health and Environmental Laboratory in Trenton and at public health labs in other states. Testing results are sent to the CDC for confirmation.
Doctors of patients with symptoms that do not meet WNV testing criteria have the option of sending samples of their patients' blood to private laboratories for analysis using the St. Louis Encephalitis (SLE) screening test. Since SLE and WNV are closely related viruses, a WNV case will most likely react to a SLE test. The department has not been notified of any positive SLE tests to date.
Crow, Hawk & Falcon Testing
To date, 1,348 birds, mostly crows, have been accepted for testing by the Department of Health and Senior Services' Public Health and Environmental Laboratory. Of those tested, 825 crows found in 20 counties have been confirmed positive for the presence of WNV. Positive crows have been found in Atlantic (2), Bergen (76), Burlington (86), Camden (159), Cape May (7), Cumberland (2), Essex (23), Gloucester (16), Hudson (19), Hunterdon (5), Mercer (6), Middlesex (126), Monmouth (145), Morris (26), Ocean (5), Passaic (33), Salem (4), Somerset (32), Union (50), and Warren (3) Counties.
The department has also received 864 bird samples (mostly crows) deemed unsatisfactory for testing and has been notified of 896 dead or ill birds (mostly crows) not submitted for testing due to their condition.
The Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Environmental Protection, is also conducting avian and small mammal testing for WNV. To date, the division has tested 36 animals (31 hawks, 1 falcon, 2 owl and 2 gray squirrels), with 27 negative results and 9 tests pending.
To date, 254 mosquito pools collected in Atlantic (8), Bergen (43), Burlington (9), Camden (39), Cape May (3), Essex (1), Hudson (2), Hunterdon (6), Mercer (1), Middlesex (22), Monmouth (45), Morris (11), Ocean (4), Passaic (22), Salem (2), Somerset (7), Sussex (7), Union (14), and Warren (8) Counties have tested positive for the presence of WNV. In total, 3,007 mosquito pools have been tested.
The U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine-North's testing lab has tested 186 mosquito pools collected on military property in New Jersey. All tests to date have been negative for the presence of WNV.
Additional Information & Advisories