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Then and Now in New Jersey:
Comparison Between 1897 and 1997

Chart Chart
Chart Chart
Chart Chart
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH: 1897 AND 1997
Rank 1897 1997
Cause of Death1 No. Rate2 Cause of Death1 No. Rate2
1 Acute Lung Diseases 4,039 228.9 Diseases of theHeart 23,157 287.6
2 Diarrhoeal Diseases of Children 3,450 195.6 MalignantNeoplasms 17,910 222.4
3 Consumption (Tuberculosis) 3,237 183.5 Cerebrovascular Diseases 4,210 52.3
4 Adult Brain and Spinal Diseases 2,582 146.4 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases 2,775 34.5
5 Diseases of Heart and Circulation 2,475 140.3 Pneumonia/Influenza 2,443 30.3
6 Brain and Nervous Diseases of Children 1,809 102.5 Diabetes Mellitus 2,400 29.8
7 Renal and Cystic Diseases 1,752 99.3 Unintentional Injuries 2,159 26.8
8 Violent Deaths 1,685 95.5 Septicemia 1,311 16.3
9 Digestive and Intestinal Diseases 1,572 89.1 Nephritis & Nephrosis 1,091 13.5
10 Diphtheria and Croup 1,382 78.3 HIV Infection 1,023 12.7

Notes:
  1. Definitions and groupings of causes of death have changed over the 100-year period.
  2. Rates by cause are crude death rates per 100,000 population.

Sources:
Twenty-First Annual Report of the Board of Health of the State of New Jersey, and Report of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, 1897. The State Board of Health, Trenton, NJ. 1898.
New Jersey Health Statistics, 1997. New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Center for Health Statistics, Trenton, NJ. 2000.

 
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