What’s the story?
The increase in child life expectancy is largely due to reductions of mortality by infectious diseases through the administration of vaccines. Early childhood immunization has been proven to be a safe and cost-effective means of controlling vaccine-preventable diseases. In the last 50 years, vaccinations have led to a 95% decrease in vaccine-preventable diseases. According to the 2012 National Immunization Survey (NIS), New Jersey's immunization coverage rates for the childhood primary series are above the national average for children 19 through 35 months of age.
By the Numbers
According to the National Immunization Survey (NIS), the estimated vaccination coverage among NJ children 19-35 months of age for the following vaccines are as follows: DTaP (84.7%), HBV (52.6%) and PCV (82.8%).
The DOH strives to increase vaccination coverage rates among children ages 19 through 35 months to 90 percent. To do this, DOH has been collaborating with numerous stakeholders through a statewide coalition to promote age appropriate immunizations, as well as working with birthing hospitals to develop and update policies and procedures regarding the administration of the HBV birth dose. In addition, educational efforts continue to be directed toward healthcare providers, the public, and school officials to highlight the importance of timely, age-appropriate vaccination to protect the health of the individual and communities.
The DOH has developed and maintains the NJ Immunization Information System (NJIIS), the State's official web-based immunization registry designed to store immunization information for infants, children, adolescents and adults for a lifetime. NJIIS assists public health agencies with population assessments in the event of a preventable disease outbreak and helps communities assess their immunization coverage and identify pockets of need. In addition, the DOH promotes the Vaccines for Children Program (VFC) which was created to meet the vaccination needs of children from birth through 18 years of age. Patients eligible to receive VFC vaccines are children who are American Indian or Alaskan Native, enrolled in Medicaid or Medicaid Managed Care, enrolled in NJ Family Care (Plan A only), and are underinsured.
Did you know?
To summarize the impact of the U.S. immunization program on the health of all children who were born during a 20 year period from 1994 - 2013, CDC used information from NIS and a previously published cost-benefit model to estimate illnesses, hospitalizations, and premature deaths prevented and costs saved by routine childhood vaccination. Coverage for many childhood vaccine series was near or above 90% for much of the period. Modeling estimated that, among children born during 1994- 2013, vaccination will prevent an estimated 322 million illnesses, 21 million hospitalizations, and 732,000 deaths over the course of their lifetimes, at a net savings of $295 billion in direct costs and $1.38 trillion in total societal costs.
To Learn More
For more information, please refer to these resources:
- NJ Immunization Requirements Frequently Asked Questions
- Information for Health Care Providers regarding Mandatory Participation in the NJ Immunization Information System (NJIIS)
- Childhood and Adolescent Recommended Vaccines
- For Parents: Vaccines for your Children
- Immunization Schedules
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Benefits from Immunization During the Vaccines for Children Program Era - United States, 1994–2013. MMWR 2014; 63(16): 352-355
* Rate per 100,000 population
† Only one year of data currently available
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