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New Jersey Health Statistics
2002

Data files have been updated since this report was published. Updated data are available on NJSHAD.

MORTALITY

Statistical Overview

There were 74,009 deaths of New Jersey residents in 2002 (Table M3).  This represents a 0.9 percent decrease from 2001.  The crude death rate was 861.5 per 100,000 population and the age-adjusted rate was 808.8 (Table M1 and Figure M1).  This represents a 2.8 percent decrease from the age-adjusted rate in 2001 and a 11.8 percent decrease from the age-adjusted rate in 1992 (Table M1).  The age-adjusted death rate for males was 38.0 percent higher than the rate for females and the age-adjusted death rate for blacks was 31.2 percent higher than the rate for whites in 2002 (Table M2 and Figure M2).  For persons born in New Jersey in 2002, average life expectancy was 78.1 years.  For females, it was 80.4 years and for males it was 75.6 years.  Life expectancy for whites was 78.6 years and 72.9 years for blacks (Table M12 and Figure M8)

Causes of Death

For the first time since 1998, some of the rankings of the ten leading causes of death changed.  Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and chronic respiratory disease (CLRD) remained the four leading causes of death.  Unintentional injuries overtook diabetes as the fifth leading cause of death and septicemia overtook influenza and pneumonia as the seventh leading cause of death.  Kidney disease and Alzheimer’s disease remained the ninth and tenth leading causes of death (Table M13).  These ten causes of death accounted for 80.4 percent of deaths in 2002 (Table M14).  The two leading causes of death among both sexes and all races (heart disease and cancer) accounted for more than half of all deaths.  Stroke was the third leading cause of death for females and fourth for males.  Unintentional injury was the third leading cause of death among males, while it was tenth among females (Table M21).  HIV disease was the fourth leading cause of death among blacks and the nineteenth among whites (Table M22).  CLRD was the fourth leading cause of death among whites but the ninth leading cause among blacks (Table M22). 

The age-adjusted death rate due to cancer was 9.2 percent lower in 2002 than it was in 1997.  Age-adjusted deaths rates for most cancer sites decreased over the time period (Table M24).  In 2002, trachea, lung, and bronchus remained the most common cancer mortality site, followed by cancer of the colon, rectum, and anus and cancer of the breast (Table M24).  Over 56 percent of cancer deaths occurred among those aged 65-84 (Table M25).  In 2002, male age-adjusted death rates were 58.6 percent higher for cancer of the trachea, lung, and bronchus and 33.3 percent higher for cancer of the colon, rectum, and anus than the respective rates for females (Tables M26-M27). 

In 2002, 415 deaths were firearm-related.  Of those, 210 were homicides, 176 were suicides, 28 were accidental, and one was of undetermined intent (Table M32).  The age-adjusted firearm death rate among males was 10 times the rate among females and the rate among blacks was 3.5 times the white rate (Table M33).  Drug-related causes such as mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use, accidental overdoses, and intentional poisonings resulted in 884 deaths (Table M34).  Alcohol-related causes accounted for 482 deaths in 2002 (Table M35).  In 2002, the age-adjusted drug-related death rate among males was 2.8 times that of females and the age-adjusted alcohol-related death rate among males was 3.4 times the rate among females (Tables M34-M35).

Infant and Fetal Deaths

The number and rate of infant deaths decreased significantly from 2001.  The number of infant deaths decreased 12.6 percent from 745 to 651 and the rate dropped below 6.0 per 1,000 live births for the first time (Table M43).  The infant mortality rate among black non-Hispanics remained more than three times as high as the rate among white non-Hispanics (Table M44).  More than 72 percent of infant deaths occurred in the neonatal period (within the first 27 days of life).  Infants who were part of a multiple birth were four times more likely to die within the first year of life than singletons.  Mortality was negatively related to birth weight and gestational age.  Infants whose mothers received no prenatal care were seven times more likely to die within the first year of life than those whose mothers received early prenatal care.  Infant mortality rates decreased with increasing maternal age until the 35-39 age group where rates rose again.  Infant mortality rates were twice as high for infants of unmarried mothers versus married mothers and for mothers who smoked during pregnancy versus mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy (Table M47).  More than 60 percent of infant deaths had a medical risk factor reported on their birth certificate.  Incompetent cervix was the most commonly reported medical risk factor among infant death records.  Of newborns whose mothers had an incompetent cervix, 7.3 percent died within the first year of life (Table M48).  Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, congenital malformations, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were the three leading causes of infant deaths in 2002 (Table M49).

The fetal mortality rate and the number of fetal deaths decreased 2.9 percent and 3.9 percent, respectively, from 2001 (Table M43).  As with infant deaths, plurality, low birth weight, short gestation, lack of prenatal care, unmarried mothers, and maternal smoking were each correlated with higher rates of fetal mortality (Table M50).  Fetal deaths were more prevalent than infant deaths among all age groups except for mothers under age 20 (Tables M47 and M50).  The fetal death rate among black non-Hispanics was nearly three times the rate for white and Asian and Pacific Islander non-Hispanics and twice the rate for Hispanics (Table M51). 


The Technical Notes section contains information on sources of data, allocation of data by residence or occurrence, quality of data, racial and ethnic classification, definitions, rates and ratios, and cause of death rankings.



DATA TABLES

Table M1

Age-Adjusted Death Rate and Crude Death Rates by Age, Race, and Sex, 1992-2002

Table M2

Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Race and Sex

Table M3

Mortality by Detailed Race Groups

Table M4

Mortality by County of Residence

Table M5

Mortality by Race and County

Table M6

Mortality by Age and County

Table M7

Mortality in Selected Municipalities

Table M8

Mortality by Month and Day of the Week

Table M9

Place of Death, 1992-2002

Table M10

Place of Death for Leading Causes of Death

Table M11

Disposition of Decedents, 1992-2002

Table M12

Life Expectancy at Birth by Race and Sex

Table M13

Leading Causes of Death, 1994-2002

Table M14

Leading Causes of Death by Age Group

Table M15

Leading Causes of Death in 2002 Among Residents 1-4 Years Old, 1994-2002

Table M16

Leading Causes of Death in 2002 Among Residents 5-14 Years Old, 1994-2002

Table M17

Leading Causes of Death in 2002 Among Residents 15-24 Years Old, 1994-2002

Table M18

Leading Causes of Death in 2002 Among Residents 25-44 Years Old, 1994-2002

Table M19

Leading Causes of Death in 2002 Among Residents 45-64 Years Old, 1994-2002

Table M20

Leading Causes of Death in 2002 Among Residents 65 and Over, 1994-2002

Table M21

Leading Causes of Death by Sex

Table M22

Leading Causes of Death by Race

Table M23

Age-Adjusted Rates for Leading Causes of Death by County

Table M24

Cancer Mortality by Site, 1997 and 2002

Table M25

Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M26

Male Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M27

Female Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M28

White Male Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M29

White Female Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M30

Black Male Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M31

Black Female Cancer Mortality by Age and Site

Table M32

Firearm-Related Mortality by Age, Race, Sex, and Intention

Table M33

Firearm-Related Death Rates by Age, Race, Sex, and Intention

Table M34

Drug-Related Mortality by Age, Race, and Sex

Table M35

Alcohol-Related Mortality by Age, Race, and Sex

Table M36

Fatal Injuries at Work by Age and Sex

Table M37

Alcohol-Related, Drug-Related, and Injury Deaths by County

Table M38

Age-Adjusted Alcohol-Related, Drug-Related, and Injury Death Rates by County

Table M39

Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39A

White Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39B

White Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39C

Black Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39D

Black Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39E

Other Race Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M39F

Other Race Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M40

Mortality by Detailed Cause of Death and Age Group

Table M41

Mortality by Cause Group and County

Table M42

Mortality by Detailed Cause of Death and County

Table M-H1

Crude and Age-Adjusted Hispanic Death Rates by Sex

Table M-H2

Reported Hispanic Mortality by Age Group and County

Table M-H3

Reported Hispanic Mortality by Country of Origin and Sex

Table M-H4

Reported Hispanic Unintentional Injury Mortality by Type and Sex

Table M-H5

Reported Hispanic Firearm-, Drug-, and Alcohol-Related Mortality by Sex

Table M-H6

Reported Hispanic Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-H7

Reported Hispanic Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-H8

Reported Hispanic Male Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-H9

Reported Hispanic Female Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-A1

Crude and Age-Adjusted Asian/Pacific Islander Death Rates by Sex

Table M-A2

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Mortality by Age Group and County

Table M-A3

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Mortality by Country of Origin and Sex

Table M-A4

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Unintentional Injury Mortality by Type and Sex

Table M-A5

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Firearm-, Drug-, and Alcohol-Related Mortality by Sex

Table M-A6

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Male Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-A7

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Female Mortality by Cause and Age Group

Table M-A8

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Male Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M-A9

Reported Asian/Pacific Islander Female Cancer Mortality by Site and Age Group

Table M43

Infant, Neonatal, Postneonatal, Fetal, and Maternal Mortality, 1992-2002

Table M44

Infant Mortality by Race/Ethnicity of Mother, 1992-2002

Table M45

Infant, Neonatal, Postneonatal, Fetal, and Maternal Mortality by County

Table M46

Infant, Neonatal, Postneonatal, and Fetal Mortality To Residents of Selected Municipalities

Table M47

Infant Mortality by Selected Characteristics and Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M48

Infant Mortality by Medical Risk Factors and Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M49

Leading Causes of Infant Mortality

Table M50

Fetal Mortality by Selected Characteristics and Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M51

Fetal Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Table M52

Leading Causes of Fetal Mortality

Table A

ICD Codes and Comparability Ratios for Major Cause of Death Groups

Table B

ICD Codes and Comparability Ratios for 113 Selected Causes of Death

Table C

ICD Codes and Comparability Ratios for 130 Selected Causes of Infant Death

 

GRAPHS AND MAPS

Figure M1

Crude and Age-Adjusted Death Rates, 1992-2002

Figure M2

Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Race and Sex

Figure M3

Age-Adjusted Death Rates from All Causes by County

Figure M4

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 25-44

Figure M5

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 45-64

Figure M6

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 65-84

Figure M7

Age-Specific Mortality Rates by County, Ages 85+

Figure M8

Life Expectancy by Race and Sex

Figure M9

Leading Causes of Death

Figure M10

Average Number of Deaths per Day by Cause

Figure M11

Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Leading Causes of Death, 1994 and 2002

Figure M12

Age-Adjusted Heart Disease Mortality Rates by County

Figure M13

Age-Adjusted Cancer Mortality Rates by County

Figure M14

Age-Adjusted Stroke Mortality Rates by County

Figure M15

Age-Adjusted Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates by County

Figure M16

Drug-, Alcohol-, and Firearm-Related Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Race and Sex

Figure M17

Age-Adjusted Unintentional Injury Death Rates by County

View/download all death tables: Excel  PDF

Go to NJSHAD interactive query system to create your own tables and maps of state-, county-, and municipality-level deaths by selected characteristics.

Return to Health Statistics 2002 Index

Go to Death chapter in New Jersey Health Statistics, 2001 report

Go to Department of Labor State Data Center Web Site for demographic data (Census 2000 and 1990, annual population and household estimates), economic data, and data projections

Go to CDC’s WISQARS query system for additional injury, leading cause of death, and YPLL (years of potential life lost) data


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