Center for Health Statistics

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New Jersey Health Statistics 2004

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
Births
Infant and Fetal Deaths
Deaths

Marriages, Domestic Partnerships, and Divorces
Population
Technical Notes, References & Sources for Additional Data

Prepared by
Maria Baron Duffy, M.A.S.
Center for Health Statistics  

Katherine Hempstead, Ph.D.
Director, Center for Health Statistics

Eddy A. Bresnitz, M.D., M.S.
Deputy Commissioner/State Epidemiologist
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services

Fred M. Jacobs, M.D., J.D.
Commissioner, New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services

Richard J. Codey
Acting Governor, State of
New Jersey

November 2007

Introduction

New Jersey Health Statistics, 2004 is part of a series of reports of vital events and other health data dating back to 1877.  This report presents selected New Jersey vital statistics for the calendar year 2004 and includes data on births, deaths, infant and fetal deaths, marriages, domestic partnerships, and divorces.  In addition, population estimates for the state by age, race/Hispanic ethnicity, sex, and county are presented.

In the 2004 report, the chapters on birth and death are each organized into three sections:  trend data, cross-sectional state data, and county data. 

Summary

Births

  • There were 114,443 births to New Jersey resident women in 2004.
  • The birth rate was 13.2 per 1,000 population.
  • The median age of all mothers was 30.5 years and the median age of first-time mothers was 27.7 years. 
  • There were 6,968 births to teens (6.1% of all births) and the teen birth rate was 11.7 per 1,000 females aged 10-19 years. 
  • Births to women aged 35 years and older accounted for 22.0% of births in 2004.
  • The birth rate was 35.3 per 1,000 women aged 35-44 years.
  • Births of twins, triplets, and quadruplets numbered 5,201 in 2004.
  • More than 10% of births were preterm (prior to 37 weeks of gestation).
  • Cesareans accounted for 33.9% of deliveries in 2004 and the VBAC (vaginal birth after previous cesarean) rate was 11.1 per 100 women with a previous cesarean delivery. 
  • Eight percent of births were of low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams).
  • For the first time, less than half of births in New Jersey were to non-Hispanic white mothers.
  • The low birth weight rate among Black mothers was 1.7 times higher than the overall rate and twice the rate for Whites. 
  • Nearly 60% of male newborns were circumcised.
  • In 2004, 35% of newborns were exclusively breastfed, 31% were exclusively formula fed, and 29% were combination fed (both breast and formula).

Infant and Fetal Deaths

  • There were 648 infant deaths and 742 fetal deaths among New Jersey residents in 2004.
  • Infant and fetal mortality rates among Black mothers remained more than twice the rates for any other race/ethnicity. 
  • The infant mortality rate among multiple births was nearly five times higher than that among singletons.
  • The infant mortality rate was 1.3 among full-term births, 6.8 for those born between 32 and 36 weeks gestation, and 199.5 for those born prior to 32 weeks gestation.
  • Short gestation/low birth weight and congenital anomalies were the leading causes of infant death.
  • The three leading causes of fetal death were fetal death of unspecified cause; placenta, cord, and membrane complications; and maternal complications of pregnancy.

Deaths

  • There were 71,402 deaths of New Jersey residents in 2004. 
  • The crude death rate was 820.8 per 100,000 population and the age-adjusted death rate was 753.0 per 100,000 population. 
  • The age-adjusted death rate was 893.0 among males and 647.4 among females per 100,000 population. 
  • Age-adjusted death rates were 758.0 for Whites, 997.2 for Blacks, 450.4 for Hispanics, and 356.6 for Asians and Pacific Islanders per 100,000 population.
  • Life expectancy at birth was 79.0 years and was 19.2 years at age 65. 
  • The median age at death for all causes was 79 years.  For diseases, the median age at death was 79 and for injuries, the median age at death was 46. 
  • The leading causes of death among New Jersey residents in 2004 were heart disease (20,564 deaths), cancer (17,215), stroke (3,784), chronic lower respiratory disease (3,034), diabetes (2,599), unintentional injuries (2,329), septicemia (1,902), Alzheimer’s disease (1,713), kidney diseases (1,627), and influenza and pneumonia (1,588).
  • In 2004, Alzheimer’s disease jumped to the 8th leading cause of death after being 10th in the six previous years.
  • Deaths due to pneumonia and influenza decreased 13% from 2003.

Marriages, Domestic Partnerships, and Divorces

  • Domestic partnership became effective on July 10, 2004.
  • There were 49,841 marriages, 25,981 divorces, and 2,826 domestic partnerships registered in New Jersey in 2004.
  • Of the domestic partnerships registered, 1,665 were female-female, 1,116 were male-male, and 45 were male-female partnerships.
  • There were 5.7 marriages and 3.0 divorces per 1,000 population and 0.4 domestic partnerships per 1,000 adult population
  • The median ages of first-time brides and grooms in 2004 were 27.6 and 29.4 years, respectively.
  • The median ages of domestic partners at time of registration were 45.6 years for female-female partners, 46.8 years for male-male partners, and 69.0 years for male-female partners.

Population

  • New Jersey’s estimated population as of July 1, 2004 was 8,698,879.