topbrandingbar
corner.gif
Government Information Departments and Agencies NJ Business Portal MY New Jersey NJ people NJ Home Page

CHS Home Page CHS Data CHS Reports List of CHS tables and reports CHS topics from A-Z CHS Links CHS Frequently Asked Questions Search the CHS pages

New Jersey Health Statistics 1996

MORTALITY
1996

LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH

TOTAL MORTALITY

Diseases of the heart (heart disease), malignant neoplasms (cancer), and cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), in that order, continued to be the three leading causes of death of New Jerseyans (Figure M2 and Table M2). Together, these three underlying causes accounted for 63.0 percent of resident deaths in 1996. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), a grouped cause which encompasses chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, and unspecified chronic airways obstruction, ranked fourth as a cause of death, followed by pneumonia and influenza in fifth place. Diabetes mellitus, which was the seventh leading cause of death in 1995, became the sixth leading cause in 1996. Unintentional injuries moved up one in ranking from eighth to seventh in 1996. HIV infection dropped from the sixth leading cause of death in 1995 to the eighth in 1996. Septicemia and nephritis/nephrosis remained ninth and tenth, respectively. Chart M1 presents the average daily toll of deaths by cause in 1996. Tables M23 and M23A through M23J provide the distribution of deaths by cause group and age for the total resident population by race/sex category, while Table M24 provides a more detailed distribution of cause of death by age group. Table M28 has the basic distribution of 39 causes of death of residents of each county in New Jersey.

Figure M2



CHART M1. AVERAGE NUMBER OF DEATHS PER DAY BY CAUSE
NEW JERSEY, 1996
Chart M1

NOTE: Averages are rounded to the nearest whole number.



CHART M2. LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH BY AGE GROUP (EXCLUDING INFANTS)
NEW JERSEY, 1996
RANK AGE GROUP TOTAL **
1-14 15-24 25-44 45-64 65+
1 UNINTEN-
TIONAL
INJURIES
70
UNINTEN-
TIONAL INJURIES
247
HIV
INFECTION
1,246
MALIGNANT
NEOPLASMS
4,172
DISEASES
OF THE
HEART
20,432
DISEASES OF THE HEART
23,658
2 MALIGNANT
NEOPLASMS
62
HOMICIDE & LEGAL INTER-
VENTION
134
UNINTEN-
TIONAL
INJURIES
798
DISEASES
OF THE
HEART
2,774
MALIGNANT
NEOPLASMS
13,184
MALIGNANT
NEOPLASMS
18,124
3 HIV
INFECTION
27
SUICIDE
69
MALIGNANT
NEOPLASMS
657
DIABETES MELLITUS
487
CEREBRO-
VASCULAR
DISEASES
3,726
CEREBRO-
VASCULAR DISEASES
4,309
4 CONGENITAL
ANOMALIES
26
MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS
43
DISEASES
OF THE
HEART
392
CEREBRO-
VASCULAR
DISEASES
464
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
2,424
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
2,759
5 HOMICIDE & LEGAL INTER-
VENTION
15
DISEASES OF THE HEART
34
SUICIDE
245
HIV INFECTION
461
PNEUMONIA/
INFLUENZA
2,214
PNEUMONIA/
INFLUENZA
2,500
6 DISEASES OF THE HEART
12
CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
13
HOMICIDE & LEGAL INTER-
VENTION
161
UNINTEN-
TIONAL INJURIES
405
DIABETES MELLITUS
1,854
DIABETES MELLITUS
2,411
7
HIV INFECTION
10
CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE & CIRRHOSIS
127
CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE & CIRRHOSIS
321
SEPTICEMIA
1,026
UNINTEN-
TIONAL INJURIES
2,113
8

CEREBRO-
VASCULAR DISEASES
108
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
282
NEPHRITIS/
NEPHROSIS
853
HIV INFECTION
1,786
9

PNEUMONIA/
INFLUENZA
67
PNEUMONIA/
INFLUENZA
184
ARTERY, ARTERIOLES, & CAPILLARY DISEASES
713
SEPTICEMIA
1,237
10

DIABETES MELLITUS
63
SUICIDE
161
UNINTEN-
TIONAL INJURIES
575
NEPHRITIS/
NEPHROSIS
1,020
RESIDUAL * 129 113 917 1,747 8,046 13,195
TOTAL 341 663 4,781 11,458 55,047 73,112
* INCLUDES DEATHS FROM ALL OTHER CAUSES IN THE SPECIFIC AGE GROUP.
** INCLUDES DEATHS OF PERSONS UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE AND PERSONS OF UNKNOWN AGE.

The eight leading causes of death in the United States were the same as in New Jersey, though not in the same order. In the nation as a whole, suicide was the ninth leading cause of death and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis was the tenth leading cause in 1996 (Peters, K.D., 1998).

For eight of the ten leading causes of death in 1996 the numbers of deaths were lower than in 1995. The number of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and nephritis/nephrosis each increased slightly. While the ten leading causes were the same in 1995 and 1996, the ranks of three causes changed. HIV infection fell from the sixth leading cause of death in New Jersey to the eighth, causing diabetes mellitus and pneumonia/influenza to each move up one in rank (Table M2).

TABLE M2. THE TEN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH RANKED BY FREQUENCY
NEW JERSEY, 1995 AND 1996

1996 1995 CHANGE IN DEATHS
1995-1996
CAUSE GROUP
(ICD-9 CODES)
RANK NUMBER
OF DEATHS
RANK NUMBER OF DEATHS NUMBER PERCENT
DISEASES OF THE HEART
(390-398, 402, 404-429)

1

23,658

1

24,015

-357

-1.5

MALIGNANT NEOPLASMS (140-208) 2 18,124 2 18,588 -464 -2.5
CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES
(430-438)

3

4,309

3

4,332

-23

-0.5

CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASES (490-496)

4

2,759

4

2,639

120

4.5

PNEUMONIA/INFLUENZA (480-487) 5 2,500 5 2,609 -109 -4.2
DIABETES MELLITUS (250) 6 2,411 7 2,457 -46 -1.9
UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES
(E800-E949)

7

2,113

8

2,198

-85

-3.9

HIV INFECTION (042-044) 8 1,786 6 2,543 -757 -29.8
SEPTICEMIA (038) 9 1,237 9 1,267 -30 -2.4
NEPHRITIS AND NEPHROSIS
(580-589)

10

1,020

10

972

48

4.9

While heart disease, cancer, and HIV infection all had large decreases in numbers of deaths, the percentage decrease was by far largest for HIV infection, a 29.8 percent decrease from the 1995 number. This is the first time the number of deaths due to HIV infection has declined since it was added to the list of rankable causes in 1988.


Return to Health Statistics 1996

Continue to next Mortality section
 
State Privacy Notice legal statement DOH Feedback Page New Jersey Home

 
department: njdhss home | index by topic | programs/services
statewide: njhome | my new jersey | people | business | government | departments | search

Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2004
Department of Health
P. O. Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360

Last Updated: