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New Jersey Health Statistics 1996

MORTALITY
1996

TRENDS AND PATTERNS IN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH

CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASES AND ALLIED CONDITIONS

The fourth leading cause of death of New Jersey residents in 1996 was the grouped cause, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and allied conditions (COPD), accounting for 2,759 deaths (Table M7). This cause group includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, and unspecified chronic airways obstruction. Among those aged 45 through 64 years, the death rate from COPD was lower in 1996 than in 1987. However, in the remaining age groups, the death rate from COPD was higher in 1996 than it was ten years earlier. COPD deaths occur primarily in the elderly: 87.9 percent of COPD deaths in 1996 were of persons 65 and over.

TABLE M7. RESIDENT DEATHS AND DEATH RATES FROMCHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASES BY AGE GROUP
NEW JERSEY, 1987 AND 1996
AGE GROUP 1996 1987 PERCENT
CHANGE IN
DEATH RATE
1987-1996
NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE* NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE*
UNDER 25 14 0.5 11 0.4 27.9
25-44 39 1.5 27 1.1 39.7
45-64 282 16.7 290 18.7 -10.5
65-84 1,845 188.1 1,487 165.3 13.8
85 AND OVER 579 488.0 355 402.0 21.4
NOT STATED 0 N/A 1 N/A N/A
TOTAL 2,759 16.4 2,171 15.1 8.6
*DEATH RATES ARE COMPUTED PER 100,000 AGE-SPECIFIC POPULATION RATES PRESENTED FOR THE TOTAL POPULATION ARE AGE-ADJUSTED


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