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New Jersey Health Statistics 1996

MORTALITY
1996

TRENDS AND PATTERNS IN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH

DIABETES MELLITUS

Diabetes mellitus was recorded as the underlying cause of death in 2,411 deaths of state residents in 1996, an increase of 54.4 percent in the number of deaths over the comparable 1987 figure (Table M9). The increase in the number of deaths due to diabetes must be viewed with caution, as the revision in the death certificate format implemented in 1989 may be at least partially responsible for the higher number of deaths in recent years which are given an underlying cause of diabetes. More than three-fourths of the diabetes deaths in 1996 occurred in persons 65 and over (76.9%) and another 20.2 percent in residents 45 through 64 years. Each of the death rates in age groups over the age of 44 increased substantially over 1987 rates; the greatest percentage increase was in the 65 through 84 year age group. This group also continued to have the highest frequency of deaths.

TABLE M9. RESIDENT DEATHS AND DEATH RATES FROM
DIABETES MELLITUS BY AGE GROUP
NEW JERSEY, 1987 AND 1996
AGE GROUP 1996 1987 PERCENT
CHANGE IN
DEATH RATE
1987-1996
NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE* NUMBER OF DEATHS DEATH RATE*
UNDER 25 7 0.3 6 0.2 17.3
25-44 63 2.5 76 3.1 -19.8
45-64 487 28.8 356 22.9 25.9
65-84 1,458 148.6 897 99.7 49.1
85 AND OVER 396 333.8 227 257.0 29.9
TOTAL 2,411 16.6 1,562 12.1 37.2
*DEATH RATES ARE COMPUTED PER 100,000 AGE-SPECIFIC POPULATION
RATES PRESENTED FOR THE TOTAL POPULATION ARE AGE-ADJUSTED


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Department of Health
P. O. Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360

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