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NJ Health Statistics
1997

NATALITY
Introduction

This chapter on natality encompasses births to New Jersey residents during the calendar year 1997. The birth certificate is the source document for data included in the analysis. New Jersey law requires that the attending physician, midwife, or person acting as midwife file a certificate of birth with the Local Registrar within five days of a birth within the state. Statistics on births to New Jersey residents which occurred in other states are also included in this report. The inclusion of these data is made possible through the auspices of the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program, which encourages the exchange of information on vital events between the states of occurrence and residence.

The format of the birth certificate was revised and expanded in 1989. One of the major changes was the addition of check-off items regarding a number of medical factors affecting the mother or the infant. Findings from several of these items are included in this chapter. Another change in the birth certificate format was the inclusion of information on Hispanic origin of parents. This presented the opportunity to include detailed information in this report on the characteristics of mothers of Hispanic origin and on their birth outcomes.

The position of items on the revised birth certificate led to considerable confusion between the reporting of a mother's mailing address and her residence address. In 1998, the Center for Health Statistics completed a multi-year project involving the application of address standardization software to convert mailing-label type information so that birth records could be accurately assigned to geographic areas. With the resolution of this problem, it is once again possible to display data for selected municipalities. Additionally, births to residents of military bases and state institutions are now attributed to the municipality and county where the base or institution is located.

In January of 1996, the New Jersey Department of Health began a pilot test of its electronic birth certificate (EBC) in four maternity hospitals in the state. Upon successful completion of this test, the EBC was systematically installed in other New Jersey birthing facilities over the next two years. By the end of 1997, all but two New Jersey birthing facilities were reporting births to the State through the EBC system. Future reports in this series will benefit from the improved quality and timeliness of the data afforded by the EBC, as well as the enhanced array of perinatal data provided through this system.

Statistical Overview
Maternal Characteristics
Newborn Health

Tables
Table N1 General Fertility, Total Fertility and Age-Specific Birth Rates, New Jersey, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 1997
Table N1A General Fertility, Total Fertility and Age-Specific Birth Rates, Mothers of White and Black Races, New Jersey, 1997
Table N2 Resident Births by Race of Mother and Sex of Child, New Jersey, 1997
Table N3A Resident Live Births by Method of Delivery, New Jersey, 1997
Table N3B Live Births by Method of Delivery and Rates of Cesarean Delivery,Primary Cesarean Delivery and Vaginal Birth after PreviousCesarean Delivery, New Jersey, 1989-1997
Table N4A Resident Births to Teens for Selected Municipalities, New Jersey, 1997
Table N4B Resident Births by Age and Marital Status of the Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N5 Resident Births by Race and Age of Mother and Onset of Prenatal Care, New Jersey, 1997
Table N5A Resident Births to Mothers of Hispanic Origin by Age of Mother and Onsetof Prenatal Care, New Jersey, 1997
Table N5B Resident Births to Unmarried Mothers by Age of Mother andOnset of Prenatal Care, New Jersey, 1997
Table N6 Resident Births by Mother's Education and Onset of Prenatal Care, New Jersey, 1997
Table N7 Resident Births of Low Birth Weight by Age and Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N8 Resident Live Births and Live Birth Rates, New Jerseyand the United States, 1978-1997
Table N9 Resident Live Births and Birth Rates, by County and Selected Municipalities, New Jersey, 1997
Table N10 Births by Sex of Child and County and Selected Municipality of Residence of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N11 Resident Births by Age and Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N11A Resident Births by Age and Race, Mothers of Hispanic Origin,New Jersey, 1997
Table N12 Number and Percent of Resident Births to Women under 20 and 35 Years and Over, New Jersey, 1978-1997
Table N13 Births by Age and County of Residence of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N14 Births by Race and County and Selected Municipality of Residence of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N15 Births to Mothers of Hispanic Origin by Countyand Selected Municipality of Residence, New Jersey, 1997
Table N16 Resident Births to Mothers of Hispanic Origin by Country of Origin, New Jersey, 1997
Table N17 Resident Births by Race and Marital Status of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N18 Resident Births by Marital Status of Mother, New Jersey, 1978-1997
Table N19 Births by Mother's Marital Status and County and Selected Municipality of Residence, New Jersey, 1997
Table N20 Resident Births by Age, Race and Marital Status of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N21 Births by Onset of Prenatal Care and Mother's County and Selected Municipality of Residence, New Jersey, 1997
Table N22 Medical Risk Factors of this Pregnancy, Reported on Certificates ofResident Live Births, by Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N22A Medical Risk Factors of this Pregnancy Reported on Certificates ofResident Live Births, by Mothers of Hispanic Origin, New Jersey, 1997
Table N22B Medical Risk Factors of This Pregnancy Reported on Certificates ofResident Live Births, by Age of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N23 Complications of Labor and/or Delivery, Reported on Certificates ofResident Live Births, by Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N24 Obstetric Procedures Performed, Reported on Certificates of ResidentLive Births, by Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N25 Resident Births by Birth Weight of Child and Age and Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N26 Births by Birth Weight and Mother's County and Selected Municipality of Residence, New Jersey, 1997
Table N27 Resident Births by Birth Weight and Number of Previous PregnancyTerminations, New Jersey, 1997 .
Table N28 Resident Births by Birth Weight and Onset of Prenatal Care, New Jersey, 1997
Table N29 Resident Births by Birth Weight of Child, Onset of Prenatal Careand Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N30 Resident Births by Five-minute Apgar Score and Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N31 Resident Births by Five-minute Apgar Score and Age of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N32 Resident Births by Five-minute Apgar Score and Onset of Prenatal Care, New Jersey, 1997
Table N33 Abnormal Conditions of Newborn, Reported on Certificates of ResidentLive Births, by Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N34 Congenital Anomalies of Newborn, Reported on Certificates of ResidentLive Births, by Race of Mother, New Jersey, 1997
Table N35 Resident Births by Onset of Prenatal Care and Age andBirthplace of Mother, New Jersey, 1997


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