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Traumatic Brain Injury in New Jersey, 1999
 
BACKGROUND

James E. McGreevey

Governor

State of New Jersey

Clifton Lacy, M.D.

Commissioner

New Jersey Department of

Health and Senior Services

Ruth Charbonneau

Director

Office of Policy and Research

Katherine Hempstead, Ph.D.

Director

Center of Health Statistics

Sandy Deshpande, M.S.

April 2003

This report presents Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) incidence data for New Jersey in 1999 based on hospital discharge data (UB-92) and the single and multiple cause of death files.The Center for Health Statistics (CHS), Office of Policy and Research, Office of the Commissioner, New Jersey Department of Health has conducted TBI surveillance since 1995.  In 2000, CHS received a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for Central Nervous System (CNS) surveillance.  Starting with 2000 incidence data, New Jersey will submit TBI incidence data to CDC to contribute to a multi-state TBI and Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) surveillance system.) codes used are provided in the Technical Notes.


TBI HIGHLIGHTS:  NEW JERSEY, 1999


  1. In 1999, over 1,000 New Jerseyans died and more than 7,400 were treated in acute care hospitals for TBIs (Table 1).  Annually, about one-third of all injury deaths and 10% of injury hospitalizations result from TBIs.
  2. The highest proportion and rates of TBI occurred among young adults and the elderly (Table 2 and Figure 1).  This is true for all racial and ethnic groups (Table 3). 

 

  1. The primary causes of TBI were transport-related (40.3%), falls (34.2%) and intentional injuries (self-inflicted and assaults combined) (11.5%) (Table 4).  TBI disproportionately affects males in all categories of external causes (Figure 2). 

 

  1. Of the 8,451 TBI occurrences in 1999, about 66% of injured persons were released to home, 19.1% received continued treatment such as skilled nursing facilities, rehabilitation, or home therapy, and about 12.0% died with or without medical attention (Table 8).  

 

  1. In 1999, in-patient hospitalization charges for TBIs in New Jersey amounted to over 212 million dollars with total in-patient care days of 52,786 for 7,871 hospitalizations (Table 9). 

 

LIST OF FIGURES

 

Figure 1:           Traumatic brain injury rate by age and sex, New Jersey, 1999

Figure 2:           Proportion of traumatic brain injuries by cause and sex, New Jersey, 1999

Figure 3:           Age-adjusted traumatic brain injury rates by county of residence, New Jersey, 1999

 

LIST OF TABLES

 

Table 1:            Traumatic brain injuries by age and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 2:            Traumatic brain injuries by age and sex, New Jersey, 1999

Table 3:            Traumatic brain injuries by age and race/ethnicity, New Jersey, 1999

Table 4:            Traumatic brain injures by age and cause, New Jersey, 1999

Table 4A:         Motor-vehicle-related traumatic brain injuries by age and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 4B:         Fall-related traumatic brain injuries by age and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 4C:         Assault-related traumatic brain injuries by age and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 4D:         Self-inflicted traumatic brain injuries by age and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 5:            Firearm-related traumatic brain injuries by age and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 6A:         Traumatic brain injuries by cause and sex, New Jersey, 1999

Table 6B:         Traumatic brain injuries by cause and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 7A:         Traumatic brain injuries by county of residence and sex, New Jersey, 1999

Table 7B:         Traumatic brain injuries by county of residence and outcome, New Jersey, 1999

Table 7C:         Traumatic brain injuries by county of residence and major cause, New Jersey, 1999

Table 7D:         Traumatic brain injuries by county of residence and age, New Jersey, 1999

Table 8:            Traumatic brain injury-related hospitalizations by disposition and age,     New Jersey, 1999

Table 9:            Traumatic brain injury-related hospitalization charges and in-patient care days by expected primary payer, New Jersey, 1999

 

LIST OF MAPS

 

Map 1:             Traumatic brain injuries by county of residence, New Jersey, 1999

Map 2:             Traumatic brain injury rate by county of residence, New Jersey, 1999

Map 3:             Transport-related traumatic brain injury rates by county of residence, New Jersey, 1999

Map 4:             Fall-related traumatic brain injury rates by county of residence, New Jersey, 1999

Map 5:             Assault-related traumatic brain injury rates by county of residence,   New Jersey, 1999

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

REFERENCES

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

 

 

Funded by the Public Health and Health Services Block Grant

 

 

For questions about this report:  chs@doh.state.nj.us

 

 

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