Autism Spectrum Disorders
What Are Autism Spectrum DisordersAutism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are a cluster of neurobiological disorders that become evident during early childhood before the age of three. People with ASD process information and perceive the world differently. ASD is not caused by an emotional disturbance; and it is definitely not caused by bad parenting.
Your child may receive a diagnosis that is among those included in the spectrum. These include:
- Asperger Syndrome
- Autistic Disorder
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
ASD affects people in different ways. Each person with ASD has his or her own unique level of intelligence, creativity, social skills, behaviors, and ways of communicating. This is why ASD is called a “spectrum” disorder. There are many factors that help us to predict how a person with ASD will be able to function and learn. All people with ASD can make progress and continue to learn skills well into adulthood. Yet, some characteristics of ASD are likely to remain throughout a person’s life. Social differences can persist and may affect employment and interpersonal relationships. More information about ASD is available at the Centers for Disease Control at www.cdc.gov.