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State of New Jersey
Executive Order #10

Governor Christine Todd Whitman

WHEREAS, juvenile crime and youth violence are major problems throughout New Jersey especially in our most populated urban centers; and

WHEREAS, New Jersey ranked 5th in the nation in the number of juvenile arrests and 4th in arrests made for serious violent crimes in 1992, with one in every five arrests being a juvenile arrest; and

WHEREAS, juvenile arrests for murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault have increased 34 percent since 1988 and juvenile drug arrests rose 7 percent in 1992; and

WHEREAS, juvenile crime has become a leading cause of injury and death among young people, especially minority males in our urban centers; and

WHEREAS, Reorganization Plan No. 001 of 1993 and Executive Order No. 93 (Florio) created the Advisory Council on Juvenile Justice in the Department of Human Services to address select issues regarding the provision of services and, where appropriate, sanctions to juvenile delinquents and at-risk youths within the responsibility of that Department; and

WHEREAS, it has become increasingly clear that the problem of juvenile crime and youth violence must be addressed by all State departments involved with at-risk youth, as well as by local governments, and local agencies and service providers; and

WHEREAS, State departments, local governments and local agencies and service providers must work cooperatively to ensure the most timely, uniform and cost-effective provision of a full range of services and, where appropriate, sanctions for youth involved or at-risk of involvement in New Jersey's juvenile justice system;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, CHRISTINE TODD WHITMAN, Governor of the State of New Jersey, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and by the Statutes of this State, do hereby ORDER and DIRECT:

1. The Advisory Council on Juvenile Justice is hereby reconstituted as set forth in this Order. The Advisory Council shall consist of no fewer than 21 or more than 26 members, and shall include:

a. The Attorney General, who shall serve as Chairperson;

b. The Commissioner of Human Services, who shall serve as Vice-Chairperson;

c. The Secretary of State;

d. The Commissioner of Community Affairs;

e. The Commissioner of Corrections;

f. The Commissioner of Education;

g. The Commissioner of Health;

h. The Commissioner of Labor;

i. The Public Defender;

j. Between seven and twelve public members chosen by the Governor on the basis of their expertise and interest in making improvements to the juvenile justice system.

In addition, the Administrative Director of the Courts shall be invited to participate on the Advisory Council. Also, the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the Assembly shall each be asked to select two individuals chosen on the basis of their expertise and interest in making improvements to the juvenile justice system to serve as members of the Advisory Council.

2. The Advisory Council shall assist the Governor and the various State departments in order to:

a. Expand the range of diversion and disposition options available to law enforcement, county prosecutors, social service agencies and the courts, including the sharing of resources to allow for more appropriate intervention programs on the local level.

b. Develop a range of services and sanctions for committed youth, in particular those youth committed to secure youth facilities.

c. Develop a range of services and, where appropriate, sanctions for non-committed youth who are involved or at-risk of involvement in the juvenile justice system. Youth services shall include, but not be limited to, prevention, intervention, education, treatment and rehabilitation services.

d. Work with the county youth services commissions to fulfill their statutory responsibilities as outlined in P.L. 1982, c. 80, sec. 16, as amended (C. 2A:4A-91).

e. Expand, replicate and develop successful model programs that involve families, schools, law enforcement and other community organizations in the prevention of juvenile crime and youth violence, using available resources.

f. Improve record keeping and information sharing among State and local agencies involved with at-risk youth.

g. Develop job training and employment opportunities for at-risk youth.

h. Review, evaluate and coordinate allocations of State and federal funds to State departments, local governments and local agencies and service providers that provide services and, where appropriate, sanctions for youth involved in and at-risk of involvement in the juvenile justice system.

i. Examine State and local government systems for planning, coordinating, providing, and funding services and, where appropriate, sanctions for youth involved in and at-risk of involvement in the juvenile justice system.

j. Work cooperatively with any independent experts contracted to analyze New Jersey's juvenile justice system.

3. By June 30, 1994, the Advisory Council shall present to the Governor recommendations as to services and, where appropriate, sanctions for youth involved or at-risk of involvement in the juvenile justice system that can be expeditiously implemented using available resources.

4. By December 31, 1994, the Advisory Council shall provide the Governor and the Legislature with recommendations for the long-term improvement of New Jersey's juvenile justice system that shall include:

a. Recommendations as to the proper allocation of State, local, and federal funds to State departments, local governments and local agencies and service providers that provide services and, where appropriate, sanctions for youth involved or at-risk of involvement in the juvenile justice system.

b. Recommendations as to statutory, administrative, programmatic and structural changes that should be undertaken to ensure the most timely, uniform and cost-effective provision of services and, where appropriate, sanctions for youth involved in or at-risk of involvement in the juvenile justice system.

c. An evaluation, in conjunction with the Jamesburg Board of Trustees, of the operation of the New Jersey Training School for Boys and the Juvenile Medium Security Center during the term of management under Executive Order No. 93 (Florio) and recommendations for future management of these facilities.

d. An assessment and recommendations regarding the conclusions reached by any independent experts contracted to analyze New Jersey's juvenile justice system.

5. In performing its responsibilities, the Advisory Council shall, to the extent practicable, utilize existing data, reports, statistics, and other sources and materials -- national, State and local -- including, but not limited to:

a. Juveniles in New Jersey Correctional Facilities, Community Mental Health Center, College of Medicine and Dentistry, Rutgers University, 1981.

b. Beneath the Labels, Association for Children of New Jersey, 1981;

Governor's Committee on Children's Services Planning, 1985;

d. New Jersey's Action Plan for Children, the Governor's Committee on Children's Services Planning, 1985;

e. The Division of Criminal Justice's Juvenile Justice Action Plan, Draft Edition, 1988;

f. The New Jersey Supreme Court's Final Report and Implementation Plan, 1989 Judicial Conference on Juveniles, Justice and the Courts;

g. Report of the Governor's Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Advisory Committee, The Disproportionate Incarceration of Black and Hispanic Youth in New Jersey, 1990;

h. A Report of the Governor's Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Advisory Committee, A Primary Prevention Plan for New Jersey, Towards a New Generation, 1990;

i. Principles and Operating Procedures for the Family Division, Superior Court of New Jersey's Pathfinders Report, 1991;

j. The Report of the Supreme Court Advisory Committee on the Family Division, 1992;

k. The Association for Children of New Jersey's Report on the Establishment of an Office of Youth Services, 1992;

l. The Report from the Cabinet Task Force on Children and Families, An Agenda for Children and Families, 1992;

m. State and County Profiles of Child Well-Being, Kids County New Jersey, 1992;

n. Publications and reports of the Juvenile Delinquency Commission especially its report, Profile 93;

o. State of New Jersey Commission of Investigation, Criminal Street Gangs, 1993;

p. The New Jersey Department of Education, Violence and Vandalism Prevention Task Force, 1994.

For this purpose, the Advisory Council shall collect from any State or local government or any other appropriate source data, reports, statistics and other materials which are necessary to carry out its functions.

6. The Advisory Council on Juvenile Justice shall be in, but not of, the Department of Law and Public Safety.

7. The Office of the Attorney General shall coordinate staffing needs of the Advisory Council. Each Cabinet member of the Advisory Council shall assign a representative of her or his department to be designated as staff to the Advisory Council.

8. The Advisory Council is authorized to call upon any department or agency of State government to provide such information, resources or other assistance deemed necessary to discharge its responsibilities under this Order. Each department, officer, division and agency of this State is hereby required, to the extent not inconsistent with law, to cooperate with the Advisory Council and to furnish it with such information, personnel and assistance as is necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Order.

9. This Order shall take effect immediately.

GIVEN, under my hand and seal
this 17th day of March in the Year
of Our Lord, One Thousand Nine
Hundred and Ninety-Four, and of the
Independence of the United States,
the Two Hundred and Eighteenth.

/s/ Christine Todd Whitman
Governor

Attest:

/s/ Peter Verniero
Chief Counsel to the Governor

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