- Pierre Eugene du Simitiere created New Jersey's State Seal in 1777. It contains five symbols, each of which represents something about New Jersey.
Helmet and Horse Head
- The helmet and the horse's head crest represent New Jersey's independence as a state. They also represent New Jersey's status as one of the first states. In 1787 New Jersey was the third state to sign the U.S. Constitution.
- The woman holding a staff with a liberty cap on top is Liberty, who represents freedom. In ancient Rome, former Roman slaves saw a liberty cap as a badge of freedom. Liberty caps became popular again during the Revolutionary War.
- The woman on the right is the Roman goddess of grain, Ceres. She holds an ice-cream-cone-shaped basket, called a cornucopia, filled with the many fruits and vegetables produced in New Jersey.
- The three plows on the shield symbolize the agricultural tradition of New Jersey.
- The state's motto "Liberty and Prosperity" is written on the scroll. 1776 is the year New Jersey became a state.