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HURRICANES/ COASTAL STORMS/ NORTHEASTERN STORMS

HURRICANE SEASON - JUNE 1 - NOVEMBER 30

ABOUT THE NJOEM HURRICANE PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM

The NJ State Hurricane Planning Team consists of the following organizations:


What’s Been Accomplished ?

  • Refinement of the NJ State Hurricane Procedure
  • Standard Operating Procedures and Draft Memorandums of Understanding for the New York Metro area
  • Reverse Lane Evacuation plans for Route 47, the Atlantic City Expressway, and Routes 35 and 72. I-95 is under development.
  • Hurricane Plans for the counties of Burlington, Monmouth, Ocean, Cape May, and Atlantic
  • Expand NOAA Weather Radio coverage into Southard and Hamburg

Additional Ongoing Projects

  • Preparation of Hurricane plans for all 21 New Jersey counties
  • Development of hurricane-related public information materials
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hurricane Evacuation Restudy for NJ
  • Increase participation in the the NWS “StormReady” program [pdf]

Long-Term Goals

  • Upgrade state and county hurricane plans to include “last refuge,” “shutdown,” and sudden storm change contingencies
  • Explore potential for additional reverse lane strategies
  • Investigate the possible use of mass-communication technologies for storm information
  • Continue to pursue mitigation/risk reduction strategies
  • Develop a Flood Fight Operations Course
  • Prioritize road elevations for critical areas in conjunction with the NJ Department of Transportation
  • Use of “smart” technologies on evacuation routes
  • Incorporate GIS into the planning process


WANTED: Your ideas, comments, and suggestions !

Keeping an “eye” on hurricane preparedness ? The NJOEM welcomes your comments, suggestions, ideas, and success stories. Hurricane Preparedness Program staff (Mike Augustyniak, Mariana Mossler) are available to meet at your site or to conduct presentations about our initiatives. All municipal emergency management officials should communicate with us through their County Office of Emergency Management.

NJOEM has prepared a supporting Power Point presentation for New Jersey's Hurricane Preparedness Program.


NEW JERSEY HURRICANE EVACUATION STUDY UPDATE
(SUMMER 2002 UPDATE)


Who’s Involved ?

For nearly 20 years, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Hurricane Evacuation Study Program (HES) has served as the “population protection” element of the Hurricane Preparedness Program. A FEMA Regional Project Officer oversees the Study and provides assistance to state, county and local governments.

NJOEM Hurricane Preparedness Program staff members are dedicated to working with their federal counterparts regarding the integration of HES products into state and local emergency management plans.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Floodplain Management Program funds the HES and assists FEMA with administration and technical guidance.

The National Weather Service (NWS) provides information from its Sea, Lake & Overland Surge from Hurricane (SLOSH) model – a software program which computes storm surge heights from tropical cyclones and helps emergency planners to assess impacts from storms-related flooding.

American Red Cross (ARC) Headquarters staff serve on the National Interagency Coordinating Committee on Hurricanes with FEMA, the Corps of Engineers and the National Weather Service. Its state and local chapters are central to this project regarding the selection of facilities to be used as public hurricane shelters.

State and Local Governments - Primary “Customers”

State and local governments are ultimately responsible for population protection; they are the primary users of the research generated from HES program. State, county and local governments are also among the key parties in the successful execution of the Study.

HES information assists the county and local emergency management agencies, transportation agencies, public works departments and floodplain managers develop detailed evacuation plans, education community members about evacuation procedures and implement evacuation plans.


The HES Executive Committee

A Study oversight group reviews the progress of the study, discusses and plans for future tasks and ensures interagency coordination that is vital to the HES effort. Committee members represent:

  • The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Philadelphia District
  • The NJ Office of Emergency Management
  • FEMA
  • National Weather Service
  • New Jersey Dept. of Transportation
  • American Red Cross - NJ
  • Port Authority of NY/NJ
  • NJ Department of Environmental Protection
  • NJ County Emergency Management Coordinator’s Association

New Jersey’s Study Area

The study area includes all 21 counties in New Jersey. In addition to the inland flooding experienced statewide, fourteen counties are subject to tidal flooding . All counties must address river and stream flooding, evacuation/hosting, and the numerous, social, economic and infrastructure impacts that accompany tropical weather systems. Our experience with Tropical Storm Floyd is proof of the importance of anticipating the potential impacts of such storms. (For Federal Emergency Management Agency photographs of Floyd’s impact on NJ, view the hurricane Floyd Photo Gallery )


NJ HES Format

The NJ HES will consist of five related Analyses – Hazards, Vulnerability, Behavioral, Shelter, and Transportation.

The Hazards Analysis is an assessment of the potential wind and water threats to the study area. The Vulnerability Analysis assesses the population threatened by various hurricane scenarios. The Behavioral Analysis investigates assumptions regarding how the public will respond to hurricane threats. The Shelter Analysis is an inventory and evaluation of public shelters available to evacuations. The Transportation Analysis estimates the duration of evacuees and formulation of traffic control measures to shorten evacuation times.


HES Products and Decision-Making Tools

Each Study includes information on how the data can be used effectively with NWS/Tropical Prediction Center (TPC) forecast products for evacuation decision-making. For example, the HES Technical Data Reports presents a step-by-step approach to help decision-makers calculate the time needed for evacuation. The factors which impact evacuation are storm intensity, track and forward speed forecast, along with HES calculated traffic clearance times.

These decision-making tools help calculate the “start time” of an evacuation, in order for it to be completed before dangerous conditions begin to impact affected communities. These tools frame the issues for leaders involved in the evacuation decision – particularly timing and resource management – and enhance the decision-making process.

Continue to check this site for updates on the Study as it progresses !


HURRICANE TRACKING MAP


HURRICANE PLANNING, HURRICANE RESPONSE – GETTING THE WORD OUT TO PEOPLE IN AFFECTED AREAS - (Coming Soon !)


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