Enjoy skiing, skating and sledding while following these safety tips:
- During a snowstorm, stay inside. Long periods of exposure to severe cold increase the risk of frostbite or hypothermia.
- When you go out to play after a storm, dress in many layers of clothing with a hat, mittens or gloves, and a scarf to cover your mouth.
- Many layers of thin clothing are better than a single layer of thick clothing. Outer garments should be tightly woven, water repellant and hooded.
- Most body heat is lost through the top of the head, so always wear a hat.
- Mittens are better than gloves, because fingers maintain more warmth when they touch each other.
- A scarf worn over your mouth will protect your lungs from extreme cold.
- Come inside often for warm-up breaks.
- Learn the rules below for "Physical Exertion" and "Winter Sports."
- If you start to shiver a lot or get very tired, or if your nose, fingers, toes or earlobes start to feel numb or turn pale, COME INSIDE right away and tell an adult!
- These are signs of HYPOTHERMIA and FROSTBITE, serious health risks. You will need IMMEDIATE ATTENTION to prevent further risk!
- For more information : " Caring for Kids: Winter Safety " from the Canadian Paediatric Society.
- Learn the "For Children" rules above. They also apply to adults.
- REMEMBER: Winter storm conditions and cold waves are the deadliest types of weather.
- Cold puts an extra strain on your heart. Heavy exertion, such as shoveling snow, clearing debris or pushing a car, can increase the risk of a heart attack.
- Stay warm, dress warm and SLOW DOWN when working outdoors.
- Take frequent rests to avoid overexertion.
- If you feel chest pain, STOP and seek help immediately.
- Learn the risks of FROSTBITE and HYPOTHERMIA on the NJOEM Winter Weather Threats.
- Use the proper equipment and check to make sure everything is in proper working condition.
- Make sure to wear a helmet specifically designed for the activity you are going to enjoy. Winter sports carry at least as much of a risk of head injury as bicycling.
- Check the weather forecast but be prepared for anything.
- Always focus 100 percent of your attention on the activity
and the terrain you are on. Rest when you are tired.
- When skiing and snowboarding:
- Stay on runs that are appropriate for your level of ability.
- Stay in control at all times and be able to stop to avoid people or objects.
- Obey all posted signs and warnings.
- When sledding:
- Never use streets or roads unless they are blocked off from traffic.
- Never sled on icy hills.
- Avoid snow bumps or anything that can cause a sled to become airborne.
- When skating:
- Skate in areas that have been approved and posted for ice-skating.
- NEVER skate alone. CHILDREN should never skate unsupervised by adults .
- Remember that ice thickness is never consistent on lakes and ponds, and always beware of thin areas.
- Always avoid cracks, seams, pressure ridges, slushy areas and darker areas that signify thinner ice.
- Never skate after dark.
National Weather Service:
American Red Cross:
“Winter Storm,” an 11-page guide. Available in English as pdf, or html and in Spanish as pdf or html