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The NJOEM Mitigation Program - Reducing Risk From Natural Hazards

View the 2014 NJ State Hazard Mitigation Plan

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Assistance - Hurricane Irene - [pdf]
This chart reflects Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Assistance resulting from Hurricane Irene. The categories include the federal and non-federal shares of the projects. All are acquisition projects, unless elevations are indicated. The total number of properties involved in a project could change for a variety of reasons related to the homeowner's decision or preferences regarding acquisition or elevation. Participation in an acquisition project is voluntary. Final and complete information will not be available until the properties designated complete the closing process.

NJ OEM Handouts Prepared for Hurricane Irene DR-4021-NJ
Understanding Hazard Mitigation
L11-11-001 Listing of available NJ OEM Handouts
L11-11-003 Fact Sheet on FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant programs administered by NJOEM
L11-11-007 Summary of the "2005 Multi-Hazard Mitigation Council Study" --- a "Project" Saves Money for every dollar spent $4 is saved. Also includes listing of past approved FEMA mitigation projects.
L11-11-009 Partners in Open Space - Informational sheet on combining FEMA and NJ DEP Green Acres land acquisition grants to achieve 100% funding.
L11-11-012 Community Rating System - Information on how to reduce flood insurance costs - includes list of participating municipalities & policy discounts.
L11-11-015 Federal Grants Management – Summary of Post Award Requirements. A guide to administrative elements.
L11-11-028 What is Mitigation – definition and examples of mitigation. Making it easier to understand.
L11-11-031 Participation in the SRL Program – includes information on how it works and what is included
L11-11-033 Benefit/Cost Analysis information on how to document a flood project.
L11-11-034 The Flood Mitigation Assistance Program – Facts and figures on the FMA program
L11-11-039 Hazard Mitigation Grant Program – Describes the funding available after a presidentially declared disaster.
L11-11-040 Allowable Mitigation Projects – "Fundable" projects under the five FEMA grant programs
L11-11-044 FEMA Grant Program Comparison – Side-by-side comparison of essential items of the five FEMA grant programs
L11-11-047 HMA Decision Matrix – Lists the criteria of project eligibility for FEMA funding program
L11-11-049 Sample HMA Project Scoring – Describes how applications will be scored and ranked for funding.
L11-11-052 Map Modernization – Information, justification and schedule of bringing FIRM up to current technology.
L11-11-056 Increased Cost of Compliance provisions of the NFIP
L11-11-063 Why acquisition? Federal Assistance in the Acquisition of Property
L11-11-064 Eligible Mitigation Actions - Excerpts from FEMA PDM Guidance regarding eligible and non-eligible mitigation activities.
L11-11-066 Understanding the Alphabet soup of acquisition – BCA, BFE, FFE, PDM, HMGP, HMA
L11-11-071 Letter of Intent

About Hazard Mitigation

Hazard mitigation ensures that fewer Americans and fewer communities become victims of natural and technological disasters. It is sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk and impact to people and property from natural and technological hazards. It results in safer communities that resist becoming victims when disaster strikes. Mitigation measures reduce risk for individuals, small and large businesses, and critical service locations such as hospitals, public safety facilities and utility stations.

Examples of mitigation include:

  • Promoting sound land use planning based on known community hazards
  • Adopting, and enforcing building codes and standards
  • Using fire-retardant materials in new construction
  • Buying flood insurance to protect personal property and belongings
  • Securing shelves and water heaters to walls
  • Elevating structures above the floodplain
  • Retrofitting highway overpasses to withstand earthquakes
  • Strengthening parapet walls on old masonry buildings
  • Anchoring bookcases in schools, libraries, and offices

Current dollars spent on mitigation significantly reduce the demand for large amounts of future dollars when natural disasters strike. This reduces economic disaster, which often accompanies the natural hazard event through destruction of property, loss or interruption of jobs, and closing or disabling of businesses.

SFC Robert Little   Kathleen Lear - Principal Planner
Phone: 609-963-6900 x6963   Phone: 609-963-6900 x6993
Fax: 609-530-3649   Fax: 609-530-3649
Email: lpp4895@gw.njsp.org   Email: lppleark@gw.njsp.org

Hazard Reduction Success Stories - "New Jersey Reduces Damage From Tropical Storm Floyd"

Full Document (pdf - 1219k) - Produced by the NJOEM and the Federal Emergency Management Agency after Tropical Storm Floyd, these stories illustrate some of the ways that people, industry and government in New Jersey reduced potential damage from this devastating storm. Some solutions are "hard" - like pumping stations; others are "soft" - such as environmental approaches to control flood damages. Others rely on common sense. Some projects cost millions, some cost next to nothing.

Mitigation Grant Programs And Project Funding Applications

HAZARD MITIGATION GRANT PROGRAM - The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides grants to States and local governments to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration. The purpose of the program is to reduce the loss of life and property due to natural disasters and to enable mitigation measures to be implemented during the immediate recovery from a disaster.

Hazard Mitigation Grant Program funding is only available in States following a Presidential disaster declaration. Eligible applicants are state and local governments, Indian tribes or other tribal organizations, certain private non-profit organization.

Individual homeowners and businesses may not apply directly to the program; however a community may apply on their behalf. Projects must provide a long-term solution to a problem, for example, elevation of a home to reduce the risk of flood damages as opposed to buying sandbags and pumps to fight the flood. In addition, a project's potential savings must be more than the cost of implementing the project. Funds may be used to protect either public or private property or to purchase property that has been subjected to, or is in danger of, repetitive damage.

FLOOD MITIGATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM - FMA provides funding to help States and communities reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage to buildings, manufactured homes, and other structures insurable under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). There are three types of grants available under FMA: Planning, Project, and Technical Assistance Grants.

FMA Planning Grants are available to help States and communities develop Flood Mitigation Plans. FMA Project Grants are available to help States and NFIP participating communities implement measures to reduce flood losses. Communities receiving FMA Planning and Project Grants must be participating in the NFIP. Examples of eligible FMA projects include: elevation, acquisition (“buy-out”), or relocation of NFIP-insured structures.

FEMA Flood Mitigation Assistance Brochure [pdf - 66k]

PRE-DISASTER MITIGATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM - FEMA has long promoted disaster-resistant construction and retrofit of facilities that are vulnerable to hazards in order to reduce potential damages due to a hazard event. Through the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, Congress approved creation of a national Pre-disaster Hazard Mitigation program to provide a funding mechanism that is not dependent on a Presidential disaster declaration. This new program builds on the experience gained from previous community-based disaster mitigation grants, the HMGP, and other mitigation initiatives.

Mitigation-Related Independent Study Courses Offered By The Federal Emergency Management Agency

Mitigation-Related Links

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