The animals of the Pinelands have been effected greatly by the region’s ecosystem. The existing animal communities are shaped by many environmental factors including vegetation, fire, moisture, and water chemistry. Many of theses unique species are dependent upon the special conditions present in the New Jersey Pinelands. Maintaining this fragile environment is essential for the preservation of the characteristic Pinelands, fish, bird, reptile, amphibian, mammal, and invertebrate species.
39 species of mammals, 299 Bird, 59 reptile and amphibian species and 91 fish species have been identified as occurring within the Pinelands. They include 43 animal species listed as threatened or endangered by the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife.