Local Safety/High Risk Rural Roads
The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) went into effect on October 1, 2012. This
Federal Transportation funding legislation doubled New Jersey's annual apportionment of Highway Safety
Improvement Program (HSIP) funds, which is a core Federal-aid program. The goal of the program is to
achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads, including
non-National Highway System and non-State-owned public roads, and roads on tribal lands. The HSIP requires
a data-driven, strategic approach to improving highway safety on all public roads that focuses on
Local Safety Program
The federally funded Local Safety Program (LSP) is a component of wider safety planning, supporting
construction of quick-fix, and high-impact safety improvements on county and local roadway facilities.
Projects on State, United States and Interstate highways are not eligible for funding
under the LSP. Projects supported by this program have included new and upgraded traffic signals, signage,
pedestrian indications, crosswalks, curb ramps, pavement markings and other improvements to increase the
safety of drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians.
- Typically addresses New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) derived high priority crash
locations on County or Local Roadways.
- Projects must be quick-fix, supported with detailed crash data analyses (utilizing the
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Highway Safety Manual) and have
minimal or no environmental or cultural resource impacts (eligible for programmatic Categorical
Exclusions or self-certified Categorical Exclusions from the Federal Highway Administration).
- LSP funding may be used for all phases of a project, including design, right of way acquisition,
construction and construction inspection.
High Risk Rural Roads Program
Although Map-21 eliminated the requirement of a State to set-aside funds for the High Risk Rural Roads
Program (HRRRP), New Jersey will continue with this program as defined in the previous Federal
Transportation funding legislation: Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act - A
Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). HRRRP under SAFETEA-LU provided federal funds for construction improvements
to address safety problems only on roadways that are functionally classified as rural
major collector, rural minor collector or rural local roads and have a
crash rate that exceeds the statewide
average for those functional classes of roadways. Projects supported by this program have included but not
limited to skid-resistant surface treatments, guiderail, reflective pavement markings, rumble strips and
rumble stripes, safety edge, enhance and advanced warning signs. MAP-21 eliminated HRRRP as a dedicated
program, however, the set-aside continued in some states depending on that state's rural road crash
- Projects must be on roadways functionally classified as rural major collector, rural minor collector
or rural local roads with a crash rate that exceeds the statewide average for those functional classes
- Projects must have minimal or no environmental or cultural resource impacts (eligible for
programmatic or self-certified Categorical Exclusions).
- Funding may be used for all phases of a project, including design, right of way acquisition,
construction and construction inspection.
Federal Highway Administration Proven Safety Countermeasures
In January 2012, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) issued a "Guidance Memorandum on Promoting
the Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures." This guidance takes into consideration the
latest safety research to advance a group of countermeasures that have shown great effectiveness in
improving safety. Applicants are encouraged to consider incorporating these improvements in project
proposals where crash types relate to these countermeasures. Several have been utilized and/or proposed in
previously selected LSP and HRRRP projects, while others should be considered where appropriate. More
FHWA approved countermeasures is available.
The LSP/HRRRP is run by the three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO):