This document is the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program
for the state of New Jersey for federal fiscal years 2004 (beginning
October 1, 2003) through 2006.
The Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) serves
two purposes. First, it presents a comprehensive, one-volume guide
to major transportation improvements planned in the state of New
Jersey therefore providing a valuable reference for implementing
agencies (such as the New Jersey Department of Transportation and
the New Jersey Transit Corporation) and all those interested in
transportation issues in this state. Second, it serves as the reference
document required under federal regulations (23 CFR 450.216) for
use by the Federal Highway Administration and the Federal Transit
Administration in approving the expenditure of federal funds for
transportation projects in New Jersey.
The federal Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)
requires that each state develop one multimodal Statewide Transportation
Improvement Program (STIP) for all areas of the state. In New Jersey,
the STIP consists of a listing of statewide line items and programs,
as well as the regional Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) projects,
all of which were developed by the three Metropolitan Planning Organizations
(MPOs). The TIPs contain local and state highway projects, statewide
line items and programs, as well as proposed public transit projects.
This STIP conforms to-and in many cases exceeds-the specific requirements
of the federal regulations:
b. Public participation process
- It lists the priority projects programmed for each year of the
first three years of the planning period.
- It is fiscally constrained. A detailed discussion of fiscal
constraint issues is found in subsection j below.
- It contains all regionally significant projects regardless of
- It contains all projects programmed for federal funds.
- < It contains, for information, state funded projects.
- It contains expanded descriptive informationconsiderably
more than required by the federal regulationsas described
in subsection l" below.
New Jersey is completely covered by three Metropolitan Planning Organizations
(MPOs): the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC),
the South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization (SJTPO), and
the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority Inc. (NJTPA). The
STIP includes the three MPO Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs)
Each MPO has a public participation process for their Transportation
Plan, TIP and conformity determination. The State made copies of
the STIP available for each MPO public meeting and representatives
from the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT were present to answer questions and
concerns raised by the public on our program. The public comment
period for each MPO TIP and the STIP ran for a period of 30 days.
c. Statewide Transportation Plan
The Federal Statewide Planning Rule requires that the STIP contain
projects consistent with the statewide long-range transportation
plan. New Jersey's statewide plan was prepared and submitted to
the state legislature on March 1, 2001.
Unlike the previous plan, Transportation Choices 2025 is more than
a "policy plan." It identifies future transportation needs
and offers strategic direction on a systems level that is based
on technical analysis, the use of alternative scenarios evaluation,
and extensive public involvement. The Plan contains 5-, 10-, and
25-year elements to help guide the investment agenda for the state's
future transportation expenditures.
The process to develop Transportation Choices 2025 went far beyond
typical planning efforts, incorporating website technology in concert
with traditional methods in plan preparation, public involvement,
and overall project management. Using state-of-the-art technology,
Jersey Long Range Transportation Plan offers valuable transportation
information and is designed to encourage the exchange of information
between users of the state's transportation system and the Department.
This will become an important component of the "Living Plan"
effort for public involvement.
The first phase in the development of our next Long Range Transportation
Plan ended January 9, 2002. The second phase will begin with the
selection of a consulting firm that will assist the Department in
accomplishing several tasks, consisting of enhancing items from
phase one and other items that are new and innovative. The findings
from these tasks should enrich the development of the state's next
Long Range Transportation Plan in 2006.
d. Conformity for MPO plans and programs
Each MPO Regional Transportation Plan will go through a conformity
analysis to demonstrate that each MPO Plan conforms with the State
Implementation Plan (SIP). Each MPO TIP must be consistent with
their conforming plan such that the regional emission analysis performed
on the plan applies to their TIP. This determination means that
the implementation of projects and programs in the MPO TIPs will
have a positive impact in the aggregate on air quality. Since the
STIP contains the three MPO TIPs without modification, the implementation
of the STIP, in aggregate, will also have a positive impact on air
e. Advance construction projects
Advance Construction (AC) is a procedure to advance a federally
funded project(s) into the current fiscal year and implement it
without federal funds. Use of AC is subject to the availability
of non-federal funds (e.g., state funds) in the year in which the
project is to be implemented, and the availability of federal funds
in the year in which the AC project(s) is to be converted to a regular
federal-aid project. AC projects are to be listed individually in
the TIP and STIP in both the year that the project is to be implemented
and the year in which the conversion is to take place. Appropriate
notification will be provided in the TIPs and STIP so it is clearly
understood that these "other funds" are available and
that future federal funds may be committed to these AC projects.
Fiscal constraint must be maintained throughout this process for
both the implementing and conversion years.
When AC is used in the development of the TIP/STIP, or to amend
or modify the TIP/STIP, the MPO and the State will follow the public
participation procedures adopted by the MPO. The MPO and the State
agree that in the development and processing of the TIP/STIP, the
inclusion of an AC project in the TIP/STIP in the year the project
is to be implemented signifies that the project can be converted
to federal funding when federal funds become available and the decision
is made to convert to those funds.
f. Multi-Year Funding
Multi-year funding is a process whereby the costs of a phase of
work of a project are spread out over several STIP years. Each of
these fiscal years provides sufficient funding for the anticipated
cash needs during that fiscal year. Federal funds are only authorized
after the approval of the indicated STIP annual element.
g. Development of the STIP
This Statewide Transportation Improvement Program is the product
of months of staff work and deliberations involving the New Jersey
Department of Transportation (NJDOT), the New Jersey Transit Corporation
(NJ TRANSIT), county and municipal transportation planners and engineers,
other transportation implementing agencies, the public and elected
officials at the state, county, and municipal levels. The main decision-making
forums for selecting projects for this program were the state's
three metropolitan planning organizations:
- The North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA),
covering Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth,
Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren counties.
- The Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), covering
Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Mercer counties.
- The South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization (SJTPO),
covering Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, and Salem counties.
The process of building the current STIP began in the fall of 2002,
with intensive staff work by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and the MPOs.
All projects that were identified as potential candidates for inclusion
in the regional transportation improvement programs of each of the
three MPOs were subjected to intensive screening to verify project
scope, status, schedule, and cost. The resulting "pool"
of projects was analyzed independently by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and
the MPOs to assign each project a priority based on the extent to
which it would advance identified regional and statewide objectives,
such as objectives set forth in the state and regional long-range
transportation plans, the New Jersey Capital Investment Strategy,
air quality objectives, and the broad social and economic goals
of the State Development and Redevelopment Plan. NJDOT developed
and circulated revenue projections for planning purposes to each
of the MPOs, based on the best current assessment of available state,
federal, and other funds. NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT and each of the three
MPOs entered into intensive discussions to negotiate a list of deliverable
transportation projects that best fit the composite statewide and
regional priorities within a financially constrained program. These
negotiated project lists were used as the basis for publishing the
Proposed Fiscal Year 2004 Transportation Capital Program by NJDOT
on March 1, 2003, and for preparing TIPs for further analysis by
each of the MPOs.
h. Congestion Management System
All projects in this STIP result from a fully operational Congestion
Management System (CMS) in place at each MPO.
i. STIP Modifications and Amendments
The STIP may be modified or amended at anytime according to the
procedures set forth in the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for
TIP/STIP changes between the three MPOs, NJ TRANSIT, and the NJDOT.
These MOUs were fully executed in November of 1999. STIP changes,
once approved by the MPOs in concert with either NJ TRANSIT or the
NJDOT, are forwarded to the FHWA and/or FTA for their approval,
j. Projected revenues
Federal law and regulations require that the Statewide Transportation
Improvement Program (STIP) be fiscally constrained for the first
three years. Specifically, "planned federal aid expenditures"
cannot exceed "projected revenues." The major sources
of funding identified in this document are the Federal Highway Administration
(FHWA), the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and the New Jersey
Transportation Trust Fund.
NJDOT has developed an estimate of $7.0 billion in available state
and federal revenues to support the state's transportation budget
during the three fiscal years from FY 2004 through FY 2006. (For
planning purposes, state revenues are estimated on the basis of
state fiscal years, which begin on July 1, and federal revenues
are estimated on the basis of federal fiscal years, which begin
on October 1.) This amount constitutes the funding expected to be
available to support the whole FY 2004-FY 2006 Statewide Transportation
Tables 1 through 3 set out these amounts by year and by funding
category and compare them to the actual amounts programmed in the
TIPs and STIP. Following are the revenue assumptions used in developing
- Dollar amounts shown in federal funding categories in FY 2004
are based, except as otherwise noted below, on the current federal-aid
apportionment tables or equivalent data obtained from the Federal
Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Transit Administration
(FTA), and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), as appropriate.
Starting in FY 2004, the first year of a new federal highway act,
there is no increase anticipated in federal funds. The FY 2005
and FY 2006 federal funding level remains consistent with FY 2004
- Funds in the Surface Transportation Program (STP) category are
broken down into the allocations and minimums required by federal
- "High Priority" funds (and some remaining "demo"
funds) are shown only as authorized by the Transportation Equity
Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) or other federal act.
- The New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund provides $1.228 billion
in FY 2004 to support the Capital Program. For programming purposes,
it is assumed that NJDOT's share of the Transportation Trust Fund
is $610 million for FY2004 and $580 million in FY 2005 and FY
2006. NJ TRANSIT's share of the Transportation Trust Fund is $618.2
million in FY 2004, $390 million in FY 2005 and $370 million in
- In FY 2004, $95 million of FHWA CMAQ funding is to be "flexed"
to NJ TRANSIT; also $65 million from both FY 2005 and FY 2006
is projected to be "flexed."
With two notable exceptions, federal and state funds are not "allocated"
to-that is, required to be spent within the boundaries of-the state's
three MPOs. The first exception is STP funds, some of which are
required under a formula in TEA-21 to be allocated to MPOs. These
allocated funds are shown in the following tables as "STP-NJTPA,"
"STP-DVRPC," and "STP-SJTPO." The second exception
is Trust Fund state aid funds, which are allocated on a county-by-county
basis under a statutory and regulatory formula.
The actual budgeting of federal and state funds for projects within
the MPO areas is a product of the development of the three regional
transportation improvement programs, the Statewide Transportation
Improvement Program, and legislative approval of the annual capital
program. On a statewide basis, the cost of projects programmed for
a particular fiscal year must equal the planned resources for that
year. Each project must also be assigned to a funding category that
is appropriate for the project and within which adequate funding
is available. From year to year there may be significant variations
in the amount of funds actually programmed within an MPO area, as
needs and specific project implementation schedules dictate. These
programming decisions are made on a cooperative basis with the participation
of NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, local government representatives, and other
agencies (all of whom are members of the MPOs), the State Legislature,
citizens' groups, and the general public.
For the purpose of defining a project line item estimate in the
STIP, each item includes an estimate of independent contractor costs
to produce the project, an estimate of implementing agency costs
anticipated in support of the development and delivery of the project,
and any other payments to third parties in matters of right-of-way
and utility relocations.
Table 4 shows the overall distribution of funds within the STIP
Tables 5 through 8 provide more detailed breakdowns of expenditures
by funding category for each of the three MPOs and for statewide
k. Financing transition projects
"Transition" projects are projects which are programmed
for implementation in the current (FY 2003-05) TIP/STIP but which,
for either scheduling or obligation authority limitation reasons,
are not actually available for implementation until after October
1, 2003, when the planned (FY 2004-06) TIP/STIP takes effect. To
provide a smooth transition between one TIP/STIP period and the
next, New Jersey's MPOs and appropriate state and federal agencies
have agreed that the first 60 days after approval of the FY 2004-06
STIP will be considered a transition period, in which projects included
in the FY 2003-05 STIP will be considered eligible for federal funding
actions, even though they are not included in the FY 2004-06 STIP.
This list of "Transition" projects is found in Section
VI of this document and is based on current schedule information.
l. How to use this document
The individual one-page descriptions, found in Sections III and
IV, provide detailed information for each project or program in
the five-year plan. The top portion of each page lists the project/program
name (route and section) as well as the location. The NJDOT reference
number is assigned at the beginning of a project and remains with
that project until its completion. The TIP reference number refers
to the identification number assigned by the MPO(s). Other information
contained within the one-page description includes county, municipality,
Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) jurisdiction, mileposts
(for state highway projects), structure number (for bridge projects),
the project sponsor, a detailed description of the project, and
program category. An explanation of the program categories can be
found in the Glossary, located in Section VII of this document.
The columns at the bottom of each record indicate the anticipated
funding schedule for each project/program. The phases of work and
types of funds are further defined in the Glossary located in Section