FY 2007 - 2010 Statewide
Transportation Improvement Program
This document is the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program for the state of New Jersey for federal fiscal years 2007 (beginning October 1,
2006) through 2010.
The Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) serves two purposes. First, it presents a comprehensive, one-volume guide to major
transportation improvements planned in the state of New Jersey therefore providing a valuable reference for implementing agencies (such as the New
Jersey Department of Transportation and the New Jersey Transit Corporation) and all those interested in transportation issues in this state.
Second, it serves as the reference document required under federal regulations (23 CFR 450.216) for use by the Federal Highway Administration and
the Federal Transit Administration in approving the expenditure of federal funds for transportation projects in New Jersey.
Federal legislation requires that each state develop one multimodal Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) for all areas of the state.
In New Jersey, the STIP consists of a listing of statewide line items and programs, as well as the regional Transportation Improvement Program
(TIP) projects, all of which were developed by the three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs). The TIPs contain local and state highway
projects, statewide line items and programs, as well as public transit projects.
This STIP conforms to—and in many cases exceeds—the specific requirements of the federal regulations:
- It lists the priority projects programmed for the first four years of the planning period.
- It is fiscally constrained for the first four years. A detailed discussion of fiscal constraint issues is found in
subsection “k” below.
- It contains all regionally significant projects regardless of funding source.
- It contains all projects programmed for federal funds.
- It contains, for information, state-funded projects.
- It contains expanded descriptive information—considerably more than required by the federal regulations—as described in subsection “m” below.
b. Public participation process
New Jersey is completely covered by three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs): the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), the
South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization (SJTPO), and the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority Inc. (NJTPA). The STIP includes
the three MPO Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs) without modification.
Each MPO has a public participation process for their Transportation Plan, TIP and conformity determination. The State makes copies of the STIP
available for each MPO public meeting and representatives from the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT were present to answer questions and concerns raised by the
public on our program. The public comment period for each MPO TIP and the STIP ran for a period of 30 days.
c. Statewide Transportation Plan
The Federal Statewide Planning Rule requires that the STIP contain projects consistent with the statewide long-range transportation plan. New
Jersey’s statewide plan was prepared and submitted to the state legislature on March 1, 2001.
Unlike the previous plan,
Transportation Choices 2025 (pdf 40k)
is more than a “policy plan.” It identifies future transportation needs and offers strategic direction on a systems level that is based on
technical analysis, the use of alternative scenarios evaluation, and extensive public involvement. The Plan contains 5-, 10-, and 25-year elements
to help guide the investment agenda for the state’s future transportation expenditures.
The process to develop
Transportation Choices 2025 (pdf 40k)
went far beyond typical planning efforts, incorporating website technology in concert with traditional methods in plan preparation, public
involvement, and overall project management. The New Jersey Long Range Transportation
Plan website offers valuable
transportation information and is designed to encourage the exchange of information between users of the state’s transportation system and the
A consulting firm has been selected to complete several tasks over an eighteen-month period that will update and enhance some of the information
contained in the Transportation Choices 2025 Long Range Transportation Plan issued in March 2001 and will be part of the material developed to
prepare the next Long Range Plan to be issued in 2006. Improvements are being made to the www.njchoices.com Long Range Plan website so it can be
an easily accessible source of information on the development of the Long Range Plan and as well as a way for the public to offer their input on
the Long Range Plan to the Department over time.
d. Conformity for MPO plans and programs
Each MPO Regional Transportation Plan will go through a conformity analysis to demonstrate that each MPO Plan conforms to the State Implementation
Plan (SIP). Each MPO TIP must be consistent with their conforming plan such that the regional emission analysis performed on the plan applies to
their TIP. This determination means that the implementation of projects and programs in the MPO TIPs will have a positive impact in the aggregate
on air quality. Since the STIP contains the three MPO TIPs without modification, the implementation of the STIP, in aggregate, will also have a
positive impact on air quality.
e. Advance construction projects
Advance Construction (AC) is a procedure to advance a federally funded project(s) into the current fiscal year and implement it with other than
federal funds. Use of AC is subject to the availability of other than federal funds (e.g., state funds) in the year in which the project is to be
implemented, and the availability of federal funds in the year in which the AC project(s) is to be converted to a regular federal-aid project. AC
projects are to be listed individually in the TIP and STIP in both the year that the project is to be implemented and the year in which the
conversion is to take place. Appropriate notification will be provided in the TIPs and STIP so it is clearly understood that these “other funds”
are available and that future federal funds may be committed to these AC projects. Fiscal constraint must be maintained throughout this process
for both the implementing and conversion years.
When AC is used in the development of the TIP/STIP, or to amend or modify the TIP/STIP, the MPO and the State will explain the procedure following
the public participation procedures adopted by the MPO. The MPO and the State agree that in the development and processing of the TIP/STIP, the
inclusion of an AC project in the TIP/STIP in the year the project is to be implemented signifies that the project can be converted to federal
funding when federal funds become available and the decision is made to convert.
f. Multi-Year Funding
Multi-year funding is a process whereby the costs of a phase of work of a project are spread out over several STIP years. Each fiscal year of the
STIP will show the available federal funding needed that year to complete a portion of a particular phase of work. In the first fiscal year of
funding for a multi-year funded phase of work, the Department will only seek federal authorization for that portion of the federal funds shown in
that fiscal year in the STIP. The remaining balance of funds for that particular phase of work will appear in the STIP in the fiscal year the
Department intends to request Federal authorization for the remaining funds needed for continuation/completion of the phase/project. Each
multi-year federal funded project will be submitted to FHWA with the condition that authorization to proceed is not a commitment or obligation to
provide federal funds for that portion of the undertaking not fully funded herein. Fiscal constraint will be maintained at all times throughout
In the event that federal funding is not available in any fiscal year, for a multi-year funded phase of work, the Department will take full
responsibility to fund that portion of the phase of work, as stated under the provisions of Section 13 of P.L. 1995, c.108. It will also be the
Department’s responsibility to fund any portion of a multi-year funded phase of work that goes beyond the life of the current federal highway act
Table 9 (pdf 21k) shows current fiscal year and future fiscal year
funding needed to complete multi-year federally funded highway projects.
Table 10 (pdf 16k) shows current fiscal year and future fiscal year
funding needed to complete multi-year state funded highway projects. The individual project STIP pages contain specific information for these
projects such as a detailed project description, project funding source and a total estimated project cost.
Table 11 (pdf 8k) shows current fiscal year and future year funding
and the estimated total funding needed to complete multi-year funded transit projects.
g. Development of the STIP
This Statewide Transportation Improvement Program is the product of months of staff work and deliberations involving the New Jersey Department of
Transportation (NJDOT), the New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT), county and municipal transportation planners and engineers, other
transportation implementing agencies, the public and elected officials at the state, county, and municipal levels. The main decision-making forums
for selecting projects for this program were the state’s three metropolitan planning organizations:
The process of building the current STIP began in the fall of 2005, with intensive staff work by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and the MPOs.
- The North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority (NJTPA), covering Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean,
Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren counties.
- The Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission (DVRPC), covering Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Mercer counties.
- The South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization (SJTPO), covering Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, and Salem counties.
All projects that were identified as potential candidates for inclusion in the regional transportation improvement programs of each of the three
MPOs were subjected to intensive screening to verify project scope, status, schedule, and cost. The resulting “pool” of projects was analyzed
independently by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and the MPOs to assign each project a priority based on the extent to which it would advance identified
regional and statewide objectives, such as objectives set forth in the state and regional long-range transportation plans, the New Jersey Capital
Investment Strategy, air quality objectives, and the broad social and economic goals of the State Development and Redevelopment Plan. NJDOT
developed and circulated revenue projections for planning purposes to each of the MPOs, based on the best current assessment of available state,
federal, and other funds. NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT and each of the three MPOs entered into intensive discussions to negotiate a list of deliverable
transportation projects that best fit the composite statewide and regional priorities within a financially constrained program. These negotiated
project lists were used as the basis for publishing the Fiscal Year 2007 Transportation Capital Program by NJDOT on March 31, 2006, and for
preparing TIPs for further analysis by each of the MPOs.
h. Congestion Management System
All projects in this STIP that will result in a significant increase in carrying capacity for single occupant vehicles result from a fully
operational Congestion Management System (CMS) in place at each MPO.
i. STIP Modifications and Amendments
The STIP may be modified or amended at anytime according to the procedures set forth in the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for TIP/STIP changes
between the three MPOs, NJ TRANSIT, and the NJDOT. These MOUs were fully executed in November of 1999. STIP changes, once approved by the MPOs in
concert with either NJ TRANSIT or the NJDOT, are forwarded to the FHWA and/or FTA for their approval, when necessary.
j. Non-Federal Match
Toll Credits were created in the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) and are to be used as a credit toward the non-Federal
matching share of programs authorized by Title 23 (except for the emergency relief program) and for transit programs authorized by Chapter 53 of
The amount of credit earned is based on revenues generated by the toll authority (i.e., toll receipts, concession sales, right-of-way leases or
interest), including borrowed funds (i.e., bonds, loans) supported by this revenue stream, that are used by the toll authority to build, improve or
maintain highways, bridges or tunnels that serve interstate commerce.
The federal government has allowed the State and Local Governments to use toll credits to be part of the 20% local matching funds in regard to
This results from the recognition that different modes of transportation are interconnected. Capital expenditures to reduce congestion in a
particular corridor benefit all modes in that corridor, be they automobiles, transit buses, or a rail system.
The Urban Core includes several critically important mass transit projects that integrate transit services in northern New Jersey. The Urban Core
includes the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link and Hudson-Bergen Light Rail, among several other projects. The Urban Core was first authorized in the
Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) in 1991, reauthorized in The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) in
1998, and reauthorized in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) in 2005. As
provided in Section 3031(b) of ISTEA, NJ TRANSIT may use locally funded projects such as the Kearny and Waterfront Connections, and New Jersey
Turnpike projects, as local match for the Hudson Bergen LRT and other Urban Core projects.
k. Financial plan
Federal law and regulations require that the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) be fiscally constrained for the first four years.
Specifically, “planned federal aid expenditures” cannot exceed “projected revenues.” The major sources of funding identified in this document are
the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and the New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund.
NJDOT and its transportation planning partners (NJ TRANSIT, North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority, Delaware Valley Regional Planning
Commission, South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization, Federal Highway Administration, and Federal Transit Administration) have developed
an estimate of $12.7 billion in available state and federal revenues to support the state’s transportation budget during the four fiscal years from
FY 2007 through FY 2010. (For planning purposes, state revenues are estimated on the basis of state fiscal years, which begin on July 1, and
federal revenues are estimated on the basis of federal fiscal years, which begin on October 1.) This amount constitutes the funding expected to be
available to support the whole FY 2007-FY 2010 Statewide Transportation Improvement Program. These revenue estimates were developed cooperatively
by NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and New Jersey’s three MPOs, with full consultation with FHWA and FTA, in a series of meetings in December 2005.
Tables 1 through 3 set out these amounts by year and by funding category and compare them to
the actual amounts programmed in the TIPs and STIP. Following are the revenue assumptions used in developing this table:
Because New Jersey is classified as a “non-attainment” area with regard to air quality, certain project funding must meet a federal standard of
“available or committed” revenue in FY 2007 and FY 2008 to be considered fiscally constrained. These projects are those which are funded with
federal resources and all other “projects of regional significance,” regardless of funding source. All federal funds in FY 2007 and FY 2008 are
based on the current federal-aid apportionment tables, allocations or equivalent data obtained from FHWA, FTA and FAA, as appropriate and are
therefore considered available. All Trust Fund funding for FY 2007 has been appropriated, and is therefore available. In FY 2008, approximately
$140 million is programmed for NJDOT state-funded projects of regional significance. This amount is covered by the Transportation Trust Fund.
Therefore, sufficient funds are available and committed to cover funding of projects and programs in the FY 2007-FY 2008 period. NJ TRANSIT has
one project in FY 2007, the River LINE LRT, which is a project of regional significance. Funding required for this project has been assumed as a
debt of the New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund Authority and is covered by current revenue. Various projects of New Jersey’s transportation
authorities are also classified as projects of regional significance. They are funded by authority revenues.
- Dollar amounts shown in federal funding categories are based, except as otherwise noted below, on SAFETEA-LU federal-aid apportionment tables
or equivalent data obtained from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA), as appropriate. It should be noted that the apportionment tables are greater than the obligation authority that will
ultimately be provided.
- The Transportation Trust Fund has sufficient funds to fully fund projects in FY 2007 -FY 2010. The Legislature has replenished the
Transportation Trust Fund at the annual level of $1.6 billion in FY 2007-FY 2010.
- Funds in the Surface Transportation Program (STP) category are broken down into the allocations and minimums required by federal law.
- “High Priority” funds (and some remaining “demo” funds) are shown only as authorized by federal legislation.
- The New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund provides $1.6 billion in FY 2007-FY 2010 to support the Capital Program. For programming purposes, it
is assumed that NJDOT’s share of the Transportation Trust Fund is $925 million for FY 2007-FY 2010. NJ TRANSIT’s share of the Transportation Trust
Fund is $675 million in FY 2007-FY 2010.
- In FY 2007, $75 million of FHWA CMAQ funding is to be “flexed” to NJ TRANSIT; also $75 million is projected to be “flexed” in FY 2008-FY 2010
- 7. In FY 2006, NJDOT began using a federal innovative financing program (Grant Anticipation Revenue Vehicles, or “GARVEEs”) to finance
portions of its high-cost bridge program. NJDOT is facing a critical need to fund a series of these bridges – each costing more than $100 million
to build – over the next several years. The projects are all eligible for federal aid, but due to their size would consume a major portion of the
capital program in the year they are ready for contract award. GARVEE bonds are a mechanism offered by FHWA to address this type of problem.
GARVEEs are in use in 22 states. Under this mechanism, FHWA authorizes a project agreement that reimburses the state for project debt service over
a number of years rather than construction outlays. The state agency in turn issues GARVEE bonds which provide the funds to cover construction
outlays. Future federal appropriations are pledged to pay debt service on the GARVEE bonds. GARVEE bond maturities are flexible, but a typical
payback period is 12 years, which corresponds to two standard six-year federal authorization programs. The STIP assumes that GARVEE financing will
be used on two projects within the four-year funding window: Route 52 Contract A (FY 2006) and Route 52 Contract B (FY 2009). Route 52 Contract A
has been selected as the first project for GARVEE funding because of the poor condition of the four bridges on the causeway, the delay in
construction that would be caused by waiting for conventional financing, the cost and annoyance of continual emergency repairs (including large
pieces of concrete falling from the structures), and the importance of the causeway as an emergency evacuation route. Use of the GARVEE mechanism
will enable these important projects to go forward without a major impact on the use of federal funding in any one year and without a massive
dislocation in the normal share of federal funding available in each of three MPO areas in the state. Although GARVEE funding requires the
assumption of some debt over time, well under 10 percent of New Jersey’s expected annual federal funding will be encumbered under the proposed
plan, assuming both projects go forward as programmed. The financing plan will also require debt service payments. However, the cost of debt
service should be more than offset by avoidance of the costs of delay: recurring expenditures for maintenance and the possible increase in
construction contract costs. GARVEE bonds are a proven financing mechanism and NJDOT expects no difficulty in the marketing of these instruments.
However, in order to provide additional reassurance, NJDOT has identified resources from statewide Trust Fund programs (Unanticipated Design, Right
of Way, and Construction Expenses, State and the Resurfacing Program) as emergency backing in the range of $70 to $90 million a year.
It should also be noted that the state of New Jersey annually appropriates approximately $75 million to NJDOT for operation and maintenance
purposes. These funds are adequate for maintenance and operation of the system. In addition, both federal and state funds are allocated to
NJDOT’s operations and maintenance forces for betterments to the system.
The State of New Jersey has shown a significant commitment to public transportation through operating support from the State’s general fund. Since
the inception of NJ TRANSIT, the State has contributed over $5.4 billion of operating assistance, over $2.4 billion in the last ten years alone.
During this last ten-year period, the State also has chosen to supplement that operating assistance with over $1 billion of funding allocated to
transportation operations from the State’s general fund contribution to the Transportation Trust Fund. This TTF contribution to operations is
approximately $103.2 million annually, and represents a continued strong commitment from the State to fund public transportation. The following
below details those projects for FY 2007.
NJ TRANSIT FY 2007 TTF Operations
||Building Capital Leases
||Rail Capital Maintenance
NJ TRANSIT also has approximately $115 million of debt service paid for through TTF. The current structure of TTF is sufficient to retire this
debt. Therefore, these funds are committed or available. The chart below details FY 2007 TTF that represents debt service.
NJ TRANSIT FY 2007 TTF Debt Service
||Bus Acquisition Program
||HBLRT MOS I
||HBLRT MOS II
||Newark City Subway
||River Line LRT
||Rail Rolling Stock Procurement
With two notable exceptions, federal and state funds are not “allocated” to—that is, required to be spent within the boundaries of—the state’s
three MPOs. The first exception is STP funds, some of which are required under a formula in federal regulations to be allocated to MPOs. These
allocated funds are shown in the following tables as “STP-NJTPA,” “STP-DVRPC,” and “STP-SJTPO.” The second exception is Trust Fund state aid
funds, which are allocated on a county-by-county basis under a statutory and regulatory formula.
The actual budgeting of federal and state funds for projects within the MPO areas is a product of the development of the three regional
transportation improvement programs, the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program, and legislative approval of the annual capital program. On
a statewide basis, the cost of projects programmed for a particular fiscal year must equal the planned resources for that year. Each project must
also be assigned to a funding category that is appropriate for the project and within which adequate funding is available. From year to year
there may be significant variations in the amount of funds actually programmed within an MPO area, as needs and specific project implementation
schedules dictate. These programming decisions are made on a cooperative basis with the participation of NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, local government
representatives, and other agencies (all of whom are members of the MPOs), the State Legislature, citizens’ groups, and the general public.
For the purpose of defining a project line item estimate in the STIP, each item includes an estimate of independent contractor costs to produce
the project, an estimate of implementing agency costs anticipated in support of the development and delivery of the project, and any other
payments to third parties in matters of right-of-way and utility relocations. The implementing agency costs include activities such as
inspection, testing and equipment along with salary costs.
Table 4 (pdf 12k) shows the overall
distribution of funds within the STIP by MPO.
Tables 5 through 8 provide more detailed breakdowns of expenditures by funding category for
each of the three MPOs and for statewide programs.
l. Financing transition projects
“Transition” projects are projects which are programmed for implementation in the current (FY 2006-FY 2008) TIP/STIP but which, for either
scheduling or obligation authority limitation reasons, are not actually available for implementation until after October 1, 2006, when the planned
(FY 2007-FY 2010) TIP/STIP takes effect. To provide a smooth transition between one TIP/STIP period and the next, New Jersey’s MPOs and
appropriate state and federal agencies have agreed that the first 60 days after approval of the FY 2007-FY 2010 STIP will be considered a
transition period, in which projects included in the FY 2006-FY2008 STIP will be considered eligible for federal funding actions, even though they
are not included in the FY 2007-FY 2010 STIP. This list of “Transition” projects is found in
Section V of document and is based on current schedule information.
m. How to use this document
The individual descriptions, found in Sections
III and IV, provide detailed information
for each project or program in the five-year plan. The top portion of each project lists the project/program name (route and section) as well as
the location. The NJDOT reference number is assigned at the beginning of a project and remains with that project until its completion. The TIP
reference number refers to the identification number assigned by the MPO(s). Other information contained within the description includes county,
municipality, Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) jurisdiction, mileposts (for state highway projects), structure number (for bridge
projects), the project sponsor, a detailed description of the project, and program category. An explanation of the program categories can be found
in the Glossary, located in Section VII of this document.
The anticipated funding schedule for each project/program is displayed in the columns at the bottom of each record. The phases of work and types
of funds are further defined in the Glossary located in Section VII.