navigation bar
DEP Graphic  
Division of Parks and Forestry Graphic
parks home njdep home
 
Old Dutch Parsonage
Wallace House
Visit Old Dutch Parsonage and Wallace House
Check out other Historic Sites
2007 History Fair
Commerative Items for sale
NJ living History Council
Wallace House

Historic Houses Tours: January 2020

Historic house tours are not available Wed., Jan. 22; Thurs., Jan. 23; or Fri., Jan. 24.

Please call (908) 725-1015 or email wallacedutch@dep.nj.gov to confirm tour availability before visiting.

Five Generals Bus Tour
Sunday, February 16, 2020

The Heritage Trail Association’s signature tour takes travelers through five historic houses used as generals’ headquarters during the 1778-79 Middlebrook Cantonment including Gen’l Washington’s headquarters at the Wallace House. Register with Heritage Trail.

Wallace House and Old Dutch Parsonage Association Annual Meeting
Washington’s Birthday, Saturday, February 22, 2020

Celebrate Washington’s Birthday with the nonprofit Wallace House and Old Dutch Parsonage Association, learning about the work they carry out to support education and preservation at Wallace House & Old Dutch Parsonage and how you can get involved in the coming year.


http://www.usflag.org/history/images/washington.gif

#lookfortheriver
How “Finding” Lost Waterways Can Help Us Adapt
Sunday, March 15, 2020, 1:30pm

As we travel through our communities, few of us think about the hidden world of streams and rivers that once flowed across the landscape. In the face of climate change and increased precipitation, real life has shown us that stormwater runoff and flooding have intensified. Centuries of piping, culverting and development have hidden the vast majority of waterways in urban areas including a Raritan River tributary that flows below Wallace House & Old Dutch Parsonage. The impact of these factors can be devastating: communities are alienated from their streams and historic ecologies, habitats are degraded, and water quality is compromised. In this program, participants will examine the changes made to our urban streams and hydrology over time. How to read a topographic map, identify watersheds, and #lookfortheriver – to empower community members to explore their own local landscapes – will be included in this program too.

Dr. Heather Fenyk, founder and president of the Lower Raritan Watershed Partnership, leads this presentation. This program is funded by the New Jersey Council for the Humanities.

https://tse2.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.mrgSlyKwbWZbk4EDN54O5gAAAA&pid=Api
This program is one in a series celebrating the Department of Environmental Protection’s 50th Birthday.

 

While living at the Dutch Parsonage, the Reverend Mr. Jacob Hardenbergh sold 95 acres of land and a small farmhouse to John Wallace, a Philadelphia fabric importer and merchant.John Wallace Between 1775 and 1776, Wallace purchased an additional 12 acres of land and built an eight-room Georgian style mansion adjoining part of the existing farmhouse. It was the largest house built in New Jersey during the Revolutionary War. Naming his estate "Hope Farm," Wallace intended the property to be his country seat and place of retirement.

In the winter of 1778, General George Washington's Continental Army encamped at Middlebrook in the Watchung Mountains, just 3 miles from Hope Farm. Washington chose the area because it was a defensible one, with a good network of roads, plenty of timber for the soldiers' huts, and a sympathetic populace.

The area had few houses, however, suitable for officers' quarters. Because John Wallace owned one of the largest homes in the area, he was asked to share his home with Washington and his staff. He agreed and the Wallace house became Washington's headquarters for that winter. After spending 11 days at his new headquarters, Washington left for Philadelphia to attend Congress for 6 weeks.

When he returned to the Wallace House in February 1779, his wife, Martha, aides and servants accompanied him. The General and his staff kept busy by hosting foreign dignitaries, preparing dinner parties, and planning strategies for the upcoming spring military campaign. It was at the Wallace House that Washington and his staff planned the successful 1779 campaign Mary Wallaceagainst the Iroquois League, fierce allies of the British.

Camp broke on June 3, 1779, and Washington, upon his departure, paid John Wallace $1,000 for the use of his house and furniture. Life returned to normal for the Wallace family. John Wallace occupied the house with his wife, Mary, his mother-in-law, Mary Maddox, his youngest son, William, and their slaves. Two older children, Joshua and Anne, lived nearby with their families.

In 1783, John Wallace and Mary Maddox died. Mary Wallace died the following year. William Wallace, at the age of 21, became the heir to Hope Farm. He lived there until his death in 1796 at age 33. His wife, Sarah had died before him and their three orphaned children went to live with their uncle, Joshua Wallace in Burlington, New Jersey. Joshua sold Hope Farm to Dickinson Miller in 1801, after the house sat vacant for 5 years.

In 1896, after several families had occupied the house, the Revolutionary
Memorial Society purchased the home and used it as their headquarters

and museum.

In 1947, they gave the house to the State of New Jersey. The Old Dutch Parsonage and the Wallace House are both listed on the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places.



 
 

bottom footer

parks and forestry: find a park | forestry | forest fire | natural lands | education | historic sites| historic preservation
department: njdep home | about dep | index by topic | programs/units | dep online
statewide: njhome | citizen | business | government | services A to Z | departments | search

Copyright © State of New Jersey, 1996-2015
Department of Environmental Protection
P. O. Box 402
Trenton, NJ 08625-0402

Last Updated: January 14, 2020

nj home citizen business government services a to z departments dep home contact dep privacy notice legal statement accessibility statement nj home