Nuclear Environmental Engineering Section
Environmental Surveillance and Monitoring Program
The Bureau of Nuclear Engineering, within the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, operates and maintains an Environmental Surveillance and Monitoring Program (ESMP) for the four nuclear power generating stations in New Jersey.
The New Jersey Radiation Accident Response Act authorizes and directs the department to "develop and implement a comprehensive monitoring strategy which shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, the daily monitoring of levels of radioactivity in the environment" (N.J.S.A. 26:2D-43.g.). The ESMP is the result of this legislative authority. Funding for this activity is provided through annual assessments against each electric utility that has an ownership or operating interest in a nuclear facility located in New Jersey.
The purpose of the ESMP is to monitor the various pathways by which people and the environment could be exposed to radiation. All ESMP data are collected from at and beyond the site boundaries of the nuclear generating stations. Samples are obtained for the determination of radioactivity in airborne and liquid effluent and in environmental samples such as crops, sediments/soils and fish. Direct radiation exposure measurements are taken as well.
During 2006, the scope of the monitoring program included continuous ambient radiation monitoring at twenty-six sites in the immediate vicinity of the nuclear power plants, the collection and analysis of 60 Thermoluminescent Dosimeters each quarter, and the collection and analysis of 785 environmental samples (airborne, surface water, potable water, crops, milk, shellfish, and sediment) annually.
The specific objectives of the ESMP are:
- To monitor pathways for entry of radioactive pollutants into the environment in order to identify potential exposures to the population from routine and accidental releases of radioactive effluent by the nuclear reactors; and
- To provide this information to members of the public and government agencies. This objective is accomplished, in part, by the publication and distribution of the environmental surveillance and monitoring reports.
To carry out these objectives, the Bureau of Nuclear Engineering:
- Monitors the nearby environment surrounding the nuclear power plants in New Jersey through one of the most advanced remote monitoring systems in the world called the Continuous Radiological Environmental Surveillance Telemetry (CREST) system. This system ensures that emergency response officials will be notified and aware of what is going on should a release occur. The CREST system is operated and maintained by the Nuclear Threat Response Section (NTRS) of the BNE.
- Performs a comprehensive ambient monitoring program which collects and measures approximately 790 samples annually at the two nuclear power plant sites (one reactor at the Oyster Creek site; three reactors at the Salem/Hope Creek site) in New Jersey. Samples include soil, air, water, biological, and direct radiation detectors called Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (TLDs). The Bureau of Nuclear Engineering’s Annual Environmental Surveillance and Monitoring Reports for 2005 and 2006 are available on the website at, http://www.nj.gov/dep/rpp/bne/index.htm.
By developing and practicing a comprehensive monitoring strategy, the BNE ensures that New Jersey is protected from exposure to radioactive effluents discharge from the nuclear power plants during normal operations.