FY 2018 - 2027
The STIP serves two purposes. First, it presents a comprehensive, one-volume guide to major transportation improvements planned in the State of New Jersey. Second, it serves as the reference document, required under federal regulations (23 CFR 450.216), for use by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) in approving the expenditure of federal funds for transportation projects in New Jersey. The STIP is a valuable reference for implementing agencies such as the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) and the New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT), and all other parties interested in transportation issues in the state.
Federal legislation requires that each state develop one multimodal STIP for all areas of their state. In New Jersey, the STIP consists of a listing of statewide line items and programs, as well as three regional Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs), which were developed by three Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) covering the state. Those three TIPs contain local and state highway projects, statewide line items and programs, and public transit and authority-sponsored projects.
This STIP conforms to, and in many cases exceeds, the specific requirements of the federal regulations:
The NJDOT recognizes that there are ever-increasing challenges to funding transportation improvements. Asset management offers an alternative to focusing solely on problem spots and/or the worst conditions. The NJDOT defines asset management as, “the systematic process of maintaining, upgrading, and operating physical assets cost-effectively”.
Recently, Performance-based Planning and Performance Management are terms used in relation to the broader use of performance to manage and improve the transportation system. Asset Management focuses on the subset of Performance-based Planning and Performance Management related to physical assets. However, the NJDOT has used, and is continuing to use, a Performance-based Planning approach to make capital investment choices. The NJDOT continues to seek out, and utilize, the best data and predictive models, to make the most effective, efficient and informed investment choices.
Each MPO has a public participation process for their regional transportation plan, TIP and conformity determination. The state makes copies of the STIP available at each MPO public meeting, and representatives from the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT are present to answer questions and concerns raised by the public about the programs. The public comment period for each MPO TIP, and the STIP, runs for 30 days.
Transportation Choices 2030, sets the direction for future investments. The Statewide Capital Investment Strategy (SCIS), shapes the investment priorities for this STIP. The SCIS functions as an instrument that links the LRTP to the 10-year capital plan (STIP), by connecting broad goals to specific investment choices. Within the context of an asset management approach, the SCIS guides the selection of projects and programs to reduce the backlog of deficiencies, to improve the condition of the transportation system and to achieve the best possible performance. Thus, both the SCIS and the STIP serve as mechanisms to achieve the vision of the LRTP.
All projects that were identified as potential candidates for inclusion in the regional TIPs of each of the three MPOs were subjected to intensive screening to verify project scope, status, schedule, and cost. The resulting “pool” of projects was analyzed independently by the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and the MPOs. Each project was then assigned a priority-ranking, based on the extent to which it would advance identified regional and statewide objectives. Such objectives are set forth in; the STIP, the LRTP (Transportation Choices 2030), the three MPO Regional Transportation Plans, the SCIS, air quality objectives, and the broad social and economic goals of the state Development and Redevelopment Plan. The NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT developed and circulated revenue projections, for planning purposes, to each of the MPOs, based on the best current assessment of available state, federal, and other funds. The NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT and each of the three MPOs entered into intensive discussions to negotiate a list of deliverable transportation projects that best fit the composite statewide and regional priorities within a financially constrained program. These negotiated project lists were used as the basis for publishing the Draft Transportation Capital Program Fiscal Year 2018 by the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT in June 2017, and for preparing TIPs for further analysis by each of the MPOs. Projects in the STIP and three MPO’s TIPs are consistent with the three MPO Regional Transportation Plans.
In addition, the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT have incorporated an additional six (6) years of constrained resources into the 10-year STIP. The 10-year total is estimated to be $37,626.7 million. This amount constitutes the funding expected to be available to support the whole FY 2018 - FY 2027 STIP. These revenue estimates were developed cooperatively by the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, and New Jersey’s three MPOs, in full consultation with the FHWA and the FTA, at a meeting held on December 5, 2016.
Tables 1 through 5 list these amounts by year and by funding category, and compares them to the actual amounts programmed in the TIPs and STIP. Following are the revenue assumptions used in developing these tables.
The state of New Jersey has made a significant commitment to public transportation through continued operating support from the state’s general fund. Since the inception of NJ TRANSIT, the state has contributed nearly $7.5 billion of operating assistance, nearly $3.2 billion in the last 10 years alone. During the same 10-year period, the state also has chosen to supplement that operating assistance with over $1 billion of funding, allocated to transportation operations from the state’s general fund contribution, to the TTF.
With two notable exceptions, federal and state funds are not “allocated” to—that is, required to be spent within the boundaries of—the state’s three MPOs. The first exception is for STP funds, some of which are required under a formula in federal regulations to be allocated directly to MPOs. These allocated funds are shown in the following tables as “STP-NJTPA,” “STP-DVRPC,” “STP-SJTPO,” and “TAP.” The second exception for is Trust Fund state-aid funds, which are allocated on a county-by-county basis under a statutory and regulatory formula.
The actual budgeting of federal and state funds for projects within the MPO areas is a product of the development of the three regional TIPs, the STIP, and legislative approval of the annual Transportation Capital Program. On a statewide basis, the cost of projects programmed for a particular fiscal year must equal the planned resources for that year. Each project must also be assigned to a funding category that is appropriate for the project, and for which adequate funding is available. From year to year there may be significant variations in the amount of funds actually programmed within an MPO area, as needs and specific project implementation schedules dictate. These programming decisions are made on a cooperative basis with the participation of the NJDOT, NJ TRANSIT, local government representatives, other agencies (all of whom are members of the MPOs), the State Legislature, citizens’ groups, and the general public.
For the purpose of defining a project line item estimate in the STIP, each item includes an estimate of independent contractor costs to produce the project, an estimate of implementing agency costs anticipated in support of the development and delivery of the project, and any payments to third parties regarding matters of right-of-way and utility relocations. The implementing agency costs include activities such as; inspection, testing, equipment and salary costs.
The current STIP and Capital Program provides funding for the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT employee salaries, leave and fringe benefits, overhead, and other administrative costs which benefit the development and delivery of their transportation programs. This funding is provided from both federal-aid and state TTF sources, and these funds are allocated for multi-year and previously authorized project costs. Federal-aid in support of employee and administrative costs is programmed on an individual project basis. TTF funding is programmed as a single item under the heading of “Program Implementation Costs, NJDOT”. For NJ TRANSIT, TTF funding is allocated to specific programs.
Table 6 shows the overall distribution of funds within the STIP, by MPO. Tables 7 through 10 provide detailed breakdowns of expenditures, by funding category, for each of the three MPOs, and for statewide programs.
In the event that sufficient federal funding is not available in any fiscal year to complete a multi-year funded phase of work, the NJDOT will take full responsibility to fund that portion of the phase of work, in accordance with applicable federal and New Jersey State law. In the event that state or other funding would not be available to complete a project, the project may be terminated or placed on hold until such time as funding is made available. In such cases, the NJDOT would need to comply with applicable federal and New Jersey State law, including, where applicable, providing a revised air quality conformity determination to the FHWA/FTA, and reimbursing the FHWA/FTA for any federal funds expended on the project.
Table 11 shows current, and future, fiscal year funding needed to complete multi-year federally funded highway projects. Table 11 contains NJDOT-led construction projects, ranging from just over $18 million to over $229 million in value. The federal multi-year construction level peaks in FY 2021, with approximately $391.2 million of payments due. Table 12 shows current, and future, fiscal year funding needed to complete multi-year state funded highway projects. The individual project pages in the STIP contain specific information for these projects, such as; a detailed project description, project funding source and a total estimated project cost. Table 13 shows current, and future, fiscal year funding and the estimated total funding needed to complete federal equipment lease payments for transit projects.
The amount of credit earned is based on revenues generated by the toll authority (i.e., toll receipts, concession sales, right-of-way leases or interest), including borrowed funds (i.e., bonds, loans) supported by this revenue stream, that are used by the toll authority to build, improve or maintain highways, bridges and/or tunnels that serve interstate commerce. The federal government has allowed state and local governments to use toll credits as part of the 20% local matching funds in regard to transit grants. This allowance results from the recognition that different modes of transportation are interconnected. Capital expenditures to reduce congestion in a particular corridor benefit all modes of transportation in that corridor, be they automobiles, transit buses, or a rail system.
New Jersey estimates that it will begin federal FY 2018 with a balance of $5,257 million in available toll credits. Both the NJDOT and NJ TRANSIT use approximately $275 million in toll credits each year, and earn $900 million in additional toll credits annually. By the end of federal FY 2021 an estimated balance of $7,757 million in toll credits is expected to be available.
With the assumption that federal funds apportionments will continue to remain flat and a steady or increasing request for additional credits will continue, there is an expectation for the available balance of toll credits to accrue over the next 10 years. With new credits outpacing usage, New Jersey expects to have sufficient toll credits to continue to utilize the soft match of federal funds over the entire 10 year plan.
The NJDOT inspects all bridges in New Jersey over 20 feet in length every two years. Standards for measuring the condition of bridges have been established nationally, and the program carried out by the NJDOT provides a very good assessment of the health of all the state’s bridges greater than twenty-feet long, regardless of owner. Under MAP-21 legislation, it is expected that states will be charged with meeting or making progress toward a minimum performance level of 90% sufficiency for bridges on the National Highway System (NHS). Bridges on the NHS include not only NJDOT owned bridges, but also bridges owned by counties and other jurisdictions.
There are 6,702 highway carrying bridges over 20 feet long in the state. The NJDOT and county and municipal governments own the largest portion of this population, followed by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA) and NJ TRANSIT. Statewide, there are 580, or 8.65%, “structurally deficient” bridges, with the remaining 91.35% of bridges classified as “structurally acceptable” condition. It is important to note that a “structurally deficient” bridge does not equate to an unsafe bridge. If any bridge were deemed unsafe, the state would take immediate action to bring the bridge to a safe condition or close the bridge to traffic.
Annual investments, of approximately $1 billion, over the next ten years are planned for bridge rehabilitation and replacement projects. This work includes, but is not limited to; re-decking, seismic retrofitting, security measures, cleaning and repainting of structural steel, substructure repairs and other improvements. Additionally, preservation and maintenance funding will be provided for bridge repairs.
Performance at this investment level is expected to reduce the growth rate of the structural deterioration backlog, and maintain the present system condition level. Capital maintenance investments are also designated to improve the structural integrity of state owned bridge assets.
The state’s road network consists of approximately 38,566 centerline miles of pavement. The NJDOT, the NJTA, and the SJTA maintain approximately 2,685 centerline miles, with the remaining pavement under the responsibility of counties, municipalities and other jurisdictions. Pavement system assets are placed into sub classes defined by the condition levels of “Good,” “Fair,” and “Deficient (Poor).” Approximately 70% of the NJDOT’s, the NJTA’s and the SJTA’s pavement lane miles are in an acceptable condition (Good and Fair).
County-owned roads make up a large portion of the federal-aid system, however, there is no comprehensive data available on the condition of the county-owned network. Each county is responsible for managing its own network of roads, which include facilities both on and off the federal-aid system, and each county may have its own way to measure performance. A similar situation applies to the toll facilities.
To get an adequate picture of the condition of pavement on the federal-aid system, it will be necessary to establish a standard of measure(s) that would be used, across all jurisdictions, and to initiate an effort to collect data using such a measure(s). While the FHWA has yet to establish MAP-21 performance measures and targets, the NJDOT and its regional planning partners are in consultation with each other in preparation for those measures being established.
Bridges and pavements make up the largest investments on the federal-aid system, but it is important to recognize that there are other assets that need to be maintained, such as signing, lighting, guiderail and other roadway appurtenances. These assets are in a very good state of repair, and the NJDOT does not expect them to degrade significantly over the next 10 years. The NJDOT makes a concerted effort to address any items that are in a state of disrepair as quickly as possible.
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State of New Jersey, 2002-2018
Department of Transportation
P.O. Box 600
Trenton, NJ 08625-0600
Last Updated: August 17, 2017