The following serves as a guide to terms used in the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program::
Section 1: Capital Investement Strategy Categories/Asset Categories
The New Jersey Statewide Capital Investment Strategy (SCIS) classifies projects according to the type
of work to be done.
This classification includes work that is anticipated to preserve, maintain
and improve NJ Aviation facilities for the development of an efficient air transportation system that
responds to the needs of its users and the public. Administration of NJ Aviation System includes Public Use
Airports that consist of a complex system of facilities operated by State, County, Municipal and
This classification includes projects which are designed to keep existing bridges functioning and in a
state of good repair, including work which rehabilitates or replaces existing bridges to current
design standards. Examples of work included within this classification are:
- Bridge rehabilitation and replacement
- Bridge deck rehabilitation and replacement
- Bridge capital maintenance
- Bridge management
Capital Program Delivery
This classification includes program implementation costs for various phases of projects, including
construction, contractor support, planning programs and studies, scoping and design, right-of-way and
utility work, and quality assurance.
This classification encompasses work that improves the flow of people and goods along transportation
corridors. Specific programs under this heading include highway operational improvements, bottleneck
widening, missing links, major widening, intelligent transportation systems and travel demand
Local Systems Support
This classification provides for development and implementation of transportation improvements on the local
roadway network. Examples of program categories within this classification are local aid to counties and
local aid to municipalities, bicycle/pedestrian, regional planning and project development.
Mass Transit Assets
This classification includes light rail, rail and bus physical assets required to bring the transit system
to a state-of-good-repair. Examples of work within this classification include:
- Electric Traction
- Rolling Stock, rail cars and buses
- Rail Stations, bus terminals, shelters
This classification includes work that addresses improvements/provisions for alternative modes of
transportation. Program categories within this classification include goods movement, bicycle/pedestrian,
ferries, paratransit, intermodal connections, rail, maritime and other modes.
This classification includes projects which are designed to keep the existing highway system functioning
and in a state of good repair, including work which upgrades segments of the system to current design
standards (e.g. safety treatments that are part of a general roadway project such as signs, guiderail,
barrier curb, traffic signals as opposed to individual line-item programs that exclusively include signs or
traffic signals only). Examples of work included in this classification are:
- Highway Rehabilitation and Reconstruction
- Pavement Management System
- Drainage Management
- Environmental Remediation
This classification includes safety programs aimed at reducing the frequency and severity of crashes and
promoting the all-round engineering, education, and enforcement approach of Safety First. “Safety First”
is further reflected in several other NJDOT supported projects that utilize the 4E’s (Engineering,
Education, Enforcement, and Emergency Medical Services (quicker response and care) and other measures to
enhance safety and reduce crashes. Examples of safety management programs are:
- Intersection Improvement Program
- Safe Corridors
- Accident Reduction
- Cross Median Crash Prevention
- Rail Highway Grade Crossing, Cape May
- Rail Highway Grade Crossing, State
- Rail Highway Grade Crossing, Federal
- Train Preemption for Traffic Signals North
- Safety Projects
- Safety Capital Maintenance
- Betterments, Safety
- Restriping Program
- Traffic Signal Replacement
- Safety Management System
- Motor Vehicle Crash Records
- Rockfall Mitigation
Transportation Support Facilities Assets
This classification includes projects designed to preserve, maintain and improve physical plant
infrastructure including office buildings, rest areas, maintenance facilities, toll plazas and existing
park and ride locations. Bus stops and train stations are included under Mass Transit Assets.
Section 2: Core Mission
The Department's mission has been broken up into five Core Missions as part of Governor Christie's
Performance Budgeting Initiative. Performance data and expenditures are tied to the Core Missions
Projects and programs with a primary focus on preserving, rehabilitating, or reconstructing existing
physical assets, such as roads and bridges.
Projects and programs with a primary focus on improving public health and safety of motorists, pedestrians,
cyclists and other users of the transportation network by reducing transportation-related fatalities
Operations and Maintenance
Routine and regular expenditures required to keep the highway surfaces, shoulders, roadsides, structures,
and traffic control devices in usable condition; maintain facilities; purchase winter operations equipment,
light trucks, cars, and construction equipment; and respond to winter storms and emergencies. This core
mission also include administrative operations such as human resources, budget and accounting, which
support more than one of the core missions.
Mobility and Congestion Relief
Projects and programs with a primary focus on maintaining or increasing the movement of passengers
and goods. Projects and programs that are not safety or infrastructure, but that improve quality of
Passenger transportation services operating on established schedules along designated routes or lines
with specific stops and is designed to move relatively large numbers of people at one time.
Section 3: Phases of Work
This classification indicates the stage of development of a project as it moves through the project delivery
process. The phases of feasibility assessment (FA) and preliminary design (PD) are no longer being conducted
on new projects, but some projects have been grandfathered through completion of these phases. The current
NJDOT project delivery process in order of occurrence is problem statement (PS), concept development (CD),
preliminary engineering (PE), final design (DES), right of way (ROW), utilities (UTI), and construction
(CON). The terms below define various phases of work.
CAP (Capital Acquisition)
Term used to denote the acquisition of rolling stock by NJ TRANSIT. Statewide Investment (SWI)—NJ TRANSIT
uses this designation to describe a series of coordinated smaller-scale projects in multiple locations,
and in multiple phases of work, that address a specific mobility issue.
CD/LCD - Concept Development
The Concept Development Phase purpose is to identify and compare reasonable alternatives and strategies
that address a well-defined and well-justified Purpose and Need Statement and select a Preliminary
Preferred Alternative (PPA). The PPA is selected based on several factors, including environmental
impacts, constructability, cost effectiveness, and if the project can be constructed in a timely manner.
This phase involves data collection, internal and external stakeholder coordination, and alternatives
analysis. Along with the PPA, key products that are produced in this Phase include the Purpose and Need
Statement, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Classification, and the Concept Development
Report. CD denotes NJDOT Concept Development Phase; LCD denotes concept development by a local entity
(MPO, county, municipality).
CON - Construction
The construction phase refers to the phase or type of work involving the actual building of a project.
DES - Final Design
The purpose of the Final Design Phase is to produce the project’s construction contract documents (i.e.,
Final Plans, Specifications, and Cost Estimate (PS&E) for use in soliciting bids from prospective
contractors, and advancing the project to the Construction Phase. This Phase includes the continuation and
completion of environmental and engineering tasks initiated in the Preliminary Engineering Phase, such as
roadway design, bridge design, right of way and access engineering, utility engineering, environmental
permits and clearances, and community outreach. The completion of those tasks will involve various internal
and external project stakeholders. Stakeholder coordination ranges from onboard project review meetings
with internal offices to efforts with local officials, the general public and other State and federal
agencies. Efforts with the public and local officials are guided by a project-specific public involvement
action plan. The Final Design Phase is completed when the project is authorized for construction, which
initiates the Construction Phase of project delivery.
EC - Design and Construction
Funding is provided for both design and construction costs.
ERC - Design, Right of Way and Construction
Funding is provided for design, right of way, and/or construction costs.
FA/LFA - Feasibility Assessment
A phase of work intended to develop feasible project proposals that produce the best balance among
transportation needs, environmental values, public concerns and costs. The end products of scoping are: a
recommended scheme with a realistic cost estimate; an approved environmental document; reasonable assurance
that environmental permits can be obtained; community support, or documentation explaining why such support
cannot reasonably be obtained; and identification of right of way (ROW) needs and costs. Scoping consists
of two phases in NJDOT: Feasibility assessment and final scope development. FA denotes feasibility
assessment by NJDOT; LFA denotes local feasibility assessment by a local entity (MPO, county,
PD/LPD - Preliminary Design
Preliminary design is the process of advancing preliminary engineering and obtaining formal community and
environmental approval of the Initially Preferred Alternative. PD denotes preliminary design by NJDOT; LPD
denotes local preliminary design by a local entity (MPO, county, municipality).
PE/LPE - Preliminary Engineering (PE, LPE)
The Preliminary Engineering Phase involves performing engineering tasks and technical environmental studies
to obtain formal community consensus (through a public information center) of the study and to secure the
approval of the environmental document. If a design exception is necessary on a project, preparation and
approval of the Design Exception Report will occur during this Phase. During the Preliminary Engineering
Phase a number of activities are simultaneously set in motion based on the PPA such as community
involvement (meetings with affected property, business owners), agency consultation, environmental
documentation, design level mapping, and the development of geometric design. PE denotes NJDOT Preliminary
Engineering Phase; LCD denotes preliminary engineering by a local entity (MPO, county, municipality).
PLS - Planning Study
A phase or type of work involving traffic studies needs analyses, corridor studies, and other work
preparatory to project development. See also “Concept Development.”
PRD - Project Development
A phase or type of work used by NJ TRANSIT which is intended to develop feasible project proposals that
produce the best balance among transportation needs, environmental values, public concerns and costs.
PS - Problem Screening
The Problem Screening Phase is the entrance into the delivery process for any potential project. The
purpose of the phase is to investigate a potential transportation problem. A potential problem is
developed into a Problem Statement (PS) and submitted to Capital Investment Strategies (CIS). The sources
of the Problem Statement may include NJDOT Management Systems, Planning Studies, a Metropolitan Planning
Organization, or internal and external stakeholders. This phase involves a Tier 1 Screening, a Tier 2
Screening or a Management System Initiative Screening. If the problem is validated, a recommendation is
advanced for review and approval by the Capital Program Screening Committee (CPSC) and the Capital Program
The objective of the Problem Screening Phase is to effectively, efficiently, and consistently screen
transportation problems in agreement with the Statewide Capital Investment Strategy (SCIS) and project
prioritization criteria. Achieving this goal is expected to produce selective proposals that are consistent
with the SCIS performance related goals, objectives and investment targets for potential advancement while
conforming to State and federal requirements.
ROW - Right of Way (ROW)
A general term denoting land, property, or interest therein, usually in a strip acquired for or devoted
to transportation purposes.
UTIL - Utility (UTIL)
In some cases, the utility relocation work associated with a project must be programmed separately from the
actual construction phase of work. These items are shown under the “Utility” category.
Section 4: Funding Categories
Projects are funded under various funding categories, depending on the type of work.
a. NJDOT Funding Categories
This federal-aid funding category provides funds for the rehabilitation or replacement of bridges defined
as structurally deficient and/or functionally obsolete according to federal definitions. This funding
is used for bridges that are off the federal-aid highway system.
CMAQ - Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality
This federal-aid funding category was established under the federal Intermodal Surface Transportation
Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA) to provide funding for projects that improve air quality and/or relieve
congestion without adding new highway capacity. This program was designed to help states meet their Clean
Air Act obligations. The federal Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) has an
increased focus on addressing PM-2.5.
DEMO - Demonstration Funds
Federal transportation acts sometimes target specific projects in various states in addition to general
programs for federal support. This funding category includes “demonstration” funding provided under ISTEA,
as well as “high priority project” funding provided under Transportation Equity Act for the 21st
Century (TEA-21) and Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for
Users (SAFETEA-LU). These projects with “demonstration” or “high priority project” funding often
have special rules of use.
FBP - FHWA Ferry Boat Program
Federal funds are allocated for improvements to ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities throughout
HSIP - Highway Safety Improvement Program
This federal-aid funding category was established under SAFETEA-LU with the purpose of significantly
reducing traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads in a comprehensive and strategic
manner consistent with the State’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan. MAP-21 has continued this program with a
focus on performance measures and targets.
LTAP – Local Technical Assistance Program
Federal funds are allocated for the center that provides information and training to local governments and
agencies to foster a safe, efficient, and environmentally sound surface transportation system by improving
skills and increasing knowledge of the transportation workforce and decision makers.
NHFP – National Highway Freight Program
As established by FAST-Act, the National Highway Freight Program provides support to improve the efficient movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network (NHFN) and support of several goals, as set by the State’s freight investment plan.
NHPP - National Highway Performance Program
As established by MAP-21, the National Highway Performance Program provides support for the construction of
new facilities on the National Highway System (NHS), the condition and performance of the NHS, and
achieving performance targets, as set by that State’s asset management plan.
This represents funding provided from other sources, including but not limited to, bi-state and autonomous
authorities, private entities, and local governments.
This represents funding provided by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
PL/PL-FTA - Planning ()
This federal-aid funding category provides funds for the federally mandated transportation planning process
conducted within each Metropolitan Planning Organization.
RHC - Rail-Highway Grade Crossings Program
This is a federal funding category which is intended to develop and implement safety improvement projects
to reduce the number and severity of crashes at public highway-rail grade crossings. Eligible activities
include: signing and pavement markings at crossings; active warning devices; crossing surface
improvements; sight distance improvements; grade separations; and the closing and consolidation of
RTP - Recreational Trails Program
New Jersey’s Recreational Trails Program provides grants to public agencies and non-profit organizations
for a variety of trail projects. The NJ Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Parks and
Forestry, is the administrator of the program.
SPR/SPR-FTA - Statewide Planning and Research
Federal law requires a percentage of funds allocated to states for highway improvements to be devoted to
planning and research activities.
STBGP - Surface Transportation Program
The Surface Transportation Block Grant Program is a federal-aid funding category established under the FAST Act. Sub-allocations must be made to urbanized and non-urbanized areas (STBGP-NJ, funding provided to NJTPA; STBGP-STU, funding provided to DVRPC; STBGP-SJ, funding provided to SJTPO). This was previously known as the Surface Transportation Program, which was established under ISTEA and encompasses funding previously made available under various smaller federal-aid categories as well as a broad, flexible component.
The “STATE” or “TTF” category is used to show the disposition of funding received from the New Jersey
Transportation Trust Fund.
TBD - To Be Determined
Funding has not yet been determined for the unconstrained years of the Capital Program.
TAP - Transportation Alternatives Program
The Transportation Alternatives Program provides funding for programs and projects defined as
transportation alternatives, including on- and off-road pedestrian and bicycle facilities, infrastructure
projects for improving non-driver access to public transportation and enhanced mobility, community
improvement activities, and environmental mitigation; recreational trail program projects; safe routes to
school projects; and projects for the planning, design or construction of boulevards and other roadways
largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate System routes or other divided highways.
b. NJ TRANSIT Funding Categories
NJ TRANSIT funding categories are indicated generally by reference to federal statutory categories and are
identified as follows:
Annual allocation of the 8.5% of the Casino Revenue Fund appropriated for transportation services for
senior citizen and disabled residents.
COPS - Certificates of Participation
Funds freed up on existing COPS Notes substituting insurance policy for a cash reserve fund to guarantee
payment to the note holders.
CMAQ - Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality
This federal-aid funding category was established under the federal Intermodal Surface Transportation
Efficiency Act (ISTEA) to support projects which improve air quality and/or relieve congestion without
adding new highway capacity. These funds are especially targeted for states like New Jersey with serious
air quality problems.
FFGA - Full Funding Grant Agreements
FFGAs are authorized under Federal transit law and are the designate means for providing new starts
funds to projects.
These are local funds that are needed to match federal funding (JARC and SECT 5311).
Funding received from the Metro-North Commuter Railroad of the New York Metropolitan Transportation
OPER - Operating
These are fare box revenue funds.
Third-party funds represent funding provided from other sources, including but not limited to, bi-state and
autonomous authorities, private entities, and local governments.
This represents funding provided Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
SECT 5307 - Section 5307
Under MAP-21 this program has been consolidated to include the Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC)
program (formally SECT 5316). Federal Transit Administration Urbanized Area Formula Program, including
funding for Transportation Enhancements (SECT 5307-TE), Transportation Alternatives Program (SECT
5307-TAP), and Associated Transit Improvements (SECT 5307-ATI).
SECT 5309 - Section 5309
See SECT 5339 (Bus and Bus Facilities Program).
SECT 5310 - Section 5310
Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities. This program provides formula funding to
increase the mobility of seniors and persons with disabilities. The former New Freedom Program (SECT 5317)
is folded into this program.
SECT 5311 - Section 5311
Non-urbanized Area Formula Program — Federal funding is provided for rural public transportation programs.
(formerly known as the Section 18 Program). Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC) program funds are also
eligible under the Rural Area Formula Program.
SECT 5324 - Section 5324
Assists States and public transportation systems with emergency-related expenses. Emergencies are defined
as natural disasters affecting a wide area or a catastrophic failure from an external cause for which the
governor of a State has declared an emergency or the President has declared a major disaster. The program
funds capital projects to protect, repair, reconstruct or replace equipment and facilities. It also funds
transit agency operating costs related to evacuation, rescue operations, temporary public transportation
service or changing public transportation route service before, during or after an emergency in an area
SECT 5326 - Section 5326
Transit Asset Management. MAP-21 requires FTA to define the term “state of good repair” and create
objective standards for measuring the condition of capital assets, including equipment, rolling stock,
infrastructure, and facilities. All FTA grantees and their subrecipients are required to develop transit
asset management plans. FTA will support this effort through technical assistance, including the
development of an analytical process or decision support tool that allows recipients to estimate their
capital investment needs over time and assists with asset investment prioritization.
SECT 5337 - Section 5337
MAP-21 establishes a new formula-based State of Good Repair grant program dedicated to repairing and
upgrading the nation’s rail transit systems in a state of good repair.along with high-intensity motor bus
systems that use high-occupancy vehicle lanes, including bud rapid transit (BRT). This program replaces
the Fixed Guideway Modernization program (SECT 5309). Projects are limited to replacement and
rehabilitation, or capital projects required to maintain public transportation systems in a state of good
repair. Projects must be included in a Transit Asset Management Plan to receive funding. The new formula
comprises: (1) the former Fixed Guideway Modernization formula; (2) a new service-based formula; and (3) a
new formula for buses on HOV lanes.
SECT 5339 - Section 5339
Bus and Bus Facilities Formula grant program. A new formula grant program which replaces Section 5309.
This capital program provides funding to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and related equipment,
and to construct bus-related facilities. Funds are eligible to be transferred by the state to supplement
urban and rural formula grant programs (SECT 5307 and SECT 5311, respectively).
SECT 5340 - Section 5340
High Density and Growing State Apportionments.
The “STATE” category is used to show the disposition of funding received from the New Jersey
Transportation Trust Fund.
STP - Surface Transportation Program
The Surface Transportation Program is a federal-aid funding category established under ISTEA, which
encompasses funding previously made available under various smaller federal-aid categories as well as a
broad, flexible component. Funding must be set aside for transportation enhancement (STP-TE).
Sub-allocations must be made to urbanized and non-urbanized areas (STP-NJ, funding provided to NJTPA;
STP-STU, funding provided to DVRPC; STP-SJ, funding provided to SJTPO).
TAP - Transportation Alternatives Program
The Transportation Alternatives Program consolidates funding from FHWA’s former Transportation
Enhancements, Recreational Trails, and Safe Routes to School programs. MAP-21 eliminates the 10
percent set-aside under the Surface Transportation Program for “transportation enhancements” and replaces
it with the new “transportation alternatives” program. Eligible activities are broadly defined and
with respect to transit include construction, planning and design of infrastructure-related projects
and systems that will provide safe routes for non-drivers, including children, older adults and
individuals with disabilities to access daily needs, and historic preservation and rehabilitation
of historic transportation facilities.
TOD - Transit-Oriented Development
MAP-21 creates a new discretionary pilot program for Transit Oriented Development planning grants.
Eligible activities include comprehensive planning in corridors with new rail, bus rapid transit or
core capacity projects.
Section 5: Metropolitan Planning Organizations
Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) are planning organizations that serve as the forum for cooperative
transportation decision making for metropolitan planning areas as required by federal regulations. MPOs
consist of representatives of state and local governments and major transportation agencies. There are three
MPOs in New Jersey:
DVRPC - Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
The MPO covering the counties of Mercer, Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester.
NJTPA - North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority
The MPO covering the counties of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean,
Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union and Warren.
SJTPO - South Jersey Transportation Planning Organization
The MPO covering the counties of Cape May, Atlantic, Cumberland, and Salem.
Section 6: Air Quality Codes
An alphanumeric air quality (AQ) coding scheme has been developed for projects and programs. The AQ code is
applied by the MPOs as part of the conformity determination and exempt eligibility identification
For non-exempt projects (projects for which no exemption code applies), the first conformity analysis year
following the project’s opening or projected completion is listed (analysis years in the current conformity
determination include 2014, 2015, 2020, 2030, and 2040). The letter following the year indicates whether the
project was modeled (M) or not modeled (NM) in the regional travel demand model or if the project was
analyzed using an off-model technique (O). Off-model techniques are commonly used for projects that
cannot be adequately represented in the travel demand model.
The Clean Air Act regulations also provide for projects that may be exempt from the conformity analysis. An
exempt project is defined as a project that primarily enhances safety or aesthetics, maintains mass transit,
continues current levels of ridesharing, or builds bicycle and pedestrian facilities. There are several
categories of exempt projects, and each STIP page indicates the specific exemption code (note that multiple
exemption codes may apply to a particular project/program). Exempt projects in design phases are classified
under the planning and technical studies category. A list of exempt categories is shown below.
Even though projects may be exempt, the MPOs may include those that represent changes in the travel demand
model and those for which VMT or emissions savings have been estimated, where possible. These projects are
noted by including the analysis year and modeling status within parentheses following the exemption code(s).
Projects for which conformity does not apply (e.g., freight rail projects) have been labeled “NA”. Projects
determined to be “Not Regionally Significant” and do not fit into an exempt category have been
Air Quality Codes
||Exempt Project Category
| Air Quality
|Continuation of ride-sharing and van-pooling promotion activities at current levels
|Bicycle and pedestrian facilities
| Exempt from Regional Emission Analysis
|Intersection channelization projects
|Intersection signalization projects at individual intersections
|Interchange reconfiguration projects
|Changes in vertical and horizontal alignment
|Truck size and weight inspection stations
|Bus terminals and transfer points
| Mass Transit
|Operating assistance to transit agencies
|Purchase of support vehicles
|Rehabilitation of transit vehicles
|Purchase of office, shop, and operating equipment for existing facilities
|Purchase of operating equipment for vehicles (e.g., radios, fare-boxes, lifts, etc.)
|Construction or renovation of power, signal, and communications systems
|Construction of small passenger shelters and information kiosks
|Reconstruction or renovation of transit buildings and structures (e.g., rail or bus buildings, storage and
maintenance facilities, stations, terminals, and ancillary structures)
|Rehabilitation or reconstruction of track structures, track, and track bed in existing rights-of-way
|Purchase of new buses and rail cars to replace existing vehicles or for minor expansions of the fleet
|Construction of new bus or rail storage/maintenance facilities categorically excluded in 23 CFR 771
|Engineering to assess social, economic, and environmental effects of the proposed action or alternatives to that
|Advance land acquisitions (23 CFR 712 or 23 CFR 771)
|Acquisition of scenic easements
|Plantings, landscaping, etc.
|Directional and informational signs
|Transportation enhancement activities (except rehabilitation and operation of historic O9 transportation buildings,
structures, or facilities)
|Repair of damage caused by natural disasters, civil unrest, or terrorist acts, except projects involving substantial
functional, location or capacity changes
| Planning and Technical Studies
|Planning and technical studies
|Grants for training and research programs
|Planning activities conducted pursuant to titles 23 and 49 U.S.C
|Federal-aid systems revisions
|Hazard elimination program
|Safer non-Federal-aid system roads
|Increasing sight distance
|Safety improvement program
|Traffic control devices and operating assistance other than signalization projects
|Railroad/highway crossing warning devices
|Guardrails, median barriers, crash cushions
|Pavement resurfacing and/or rehabilitation
|Pavement marking demonstration
|Emergency relief (23 U.S.C. 125)
|Safety roadside rest areas
|Truck climbing lanes outside the urbanized area
|Widening narrow pavements or reconstructing bridges (no additional travel lanes)
|Emergency truck pullovers