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Division of Taxation

NOTICE New Gross Income Tax Legislation Makes Changes for Tax Year 2018 (P.L. 2018, c.45)

New legislation signed into law on July 1, 2018, made several changes to the New Jersey Gross Income Tax Act at N.J.S.A. 54A:1-1 et seq. as part of New Jersey’s fiscal year 2019 budget. The changes include increases in the New Jersey Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the property tax deduction, and the addition of a new Child and Dependent Care Credit for resident taxpayers.

The law also increased the Income Tax rate for income over $5,000,000. More information about the tax rate increase is available in this notice.

These changes affect the returns that taxpayers will file beginning in Tax Year 2018.

Earned Income Tax Credit

The new law increases the percentage as follows:

  • 37% in Tax Year 2018;
  • 39% in Tax Year 2019; and
  • 40% in Tax Year 2020 and thereafter. 

For more information about the EITC, see New Jersey Earned Income Tax Credit.

Property Tax Deduction

Qualified homeowners and tenants are eligible for a deduction for property taxes they paid for the calendar year on their New Jersey principal residence. The new law increases the maximum Property Tax deduction from $10,000 to $15,000. 

For more information about the deduction, see Property Tax Deduction.

Child and Dependent Care Credit

The law creates a new Gross IncomeTax credit for eligible resident taxpayers who are allowed a federal credit for expenses they incur for the care of one or more qualifying individuals. A qualifying individual can be a child under age 13 or a spouse or dependent who lived with the taxpayer for more than half the year and is physically or mentally incapable of self-care.

The credit will reduce the amount of New Jersey Gross Income Tax a taxpayer owes, but won’t result in a refund if no taxes are owed. Taxpayers may be able to claim the New Jersey Child and Dependent Care Credit if they:

  • Paid expenses for the care of one or more qualifying individuals so that they are able to work or actively look for work;
  • Are allowed the federal child and dependent care credit; and
  • Have New Jersey taxable income of $60,000 or less.

The amount of the New Jersey credit is a percentage of the taxpayer’s federal child and dependent care credit and varies according to the amount of the taxpayer’s New Jersey taxable income.

If NJ taxable income is:   
Amount of the NJ credit is:
Not over $20,000   
50% of federal credit
over $20,000 but not over $30,000   
40% of federal credit
over $30,000 but not over $40,000   
30% of federal credit
over $40,000 but not over $50,000  
20% of federal credit
over $50,000 but not over $60,000   
10% of federal credit


The maximum New Jersey credit cannot exceed $500 for one qualifying individual or $1,000 for two or more qualifying individuals.

Other

In addition to the above, the new law also provides for the taxation of certain investment management services, also known as “carried interest.” However, those provisions do not take effect unless and until Connecticut, New York, and Massachusetts enact laws which do the same thing. Because those states have not enacted similar laws, and we don’t expect them to do so in the near future, those provisions remain inactive.


Last Updated: Thursday, 02/20/20