Homeowners and tenants who pay property taxes, either directly or through rent, on a principal residence in New Jersey may qualify for either a deduction or a refundable credit.
The property tax deduction reduces your taxable income. Starting tax year 2018, you can deduct your property taxes paid or $15,000, whichever is less. For tax years 2017 and earlier, the maximum deduction was $10,000. For tenants, 18% of rent paid during the year is considered property taxes paid. Keep in mind that the amount of property taxes paid that you can deduct depends on a number of factors such as the number of owners or units. Information about how to determine the amount of your property taxes paid is available here.
The property tax credit reduces your tax due because it is subtracted directly from your tax liability. The benefit is a refundable credit of $50.
You can claim only one of these benefits on your tax return. If you qualify (see Eligibility Requirements), follow the instructions in the New Jersey Resident Income Tax return (Form NJ-1040 1.06 mb) to determine if the credit or deduction will give you the greater benefit. If you are using NJ WebFile, the program will determine the greater benefit for you.
The Division of Taxation audits returns to make sure homeowners and tenants meet the eligibility requirements.
Residents Not Required to File a Return
Age 65 or Older and/or Disabled. If you (or your spouse/civil union partner if filing jointly) were 65 or older or blind or disabled on December 31 of the tax year and your income was below the filing threshold amount for your filing status, and you satisfy the eligibility requirements, apply for the credit as follows:
Under Age 65 and NOT Disabled. If you are not required to file a return because your income was below the filing threshold amount for your filing status, you are not eligible for a property tax credit.
For more information on the property tax deduction or credit, see the New Jersey Resident Income Tax Return instructions 1.06 mb.