Local Historic Preservation Programs
The most effective way
to protect historic resources and promote our architectural and archaeological
heritage is through local stewardship. When implemented at the local level,
historic preservation activities may take the form of preservation master
plan elements, comprehensive zoning ordinances, regulated code enforcement,
or public education and outreach programs. Local initiatives have far reaching
effects on preserving historic resources for future generations. The HPO
provides technical assistance, training, and other resources for historic
preservation to New Jersey's communities through a variety of programs.
Tax incentives leverage
private investment in historic properties through income tax credits for
qualified rehabilitation projects. The Investment Tax Credit (ITC) program
administered by the National Park Service through the HPO has promoted reinvestment
in historic buildings since 1976. The program provides federal income tax
credits for rehabilitation of income producing historic properties. Follow
the link below for a program summary and additional information.
Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines
The Secretary of
the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties (Standards)
offer basic historic preservation guidance for identifying, retaining, and
preserving the form and details of historic properties. This philosophy
is implemented through a hierarchy that emphasizes maintaining and protecting
first, repairing second, and replacing only when maintenance or repairs
are not feasible or cost-effective. The Standards also include guidance
for replicating or reconstructing missing elements and adding to or altering
historic properties. The Standards are available from the National Park
Service website along with related guidance and illustrations.
New Jersey Rehabilitation
The New Jersey
Rehabilitation Subcode is a comprehensive set of technical requirements
that enables the restoration and rehabilitation of buildings to be safer,
cheaper and easier. These innovative standards provide predictability for
those undertaking the rehabilitation of existing buildings, and allow for
flexibility in applying a variety of code sections. Developed by the NJ
Department of Community Affairs (DCA) and a 30 member advisory committee,
the Rehab Subcode was adopted on January 5, 1998.
In the guidance
document that accompanies the subcode, DCA notes that:
- The Rehabilitation
Subcode is the first comprehensive set of code requirements for existing
buildings. It is a stand-alone subchapter and, therefore, it contains
all the technical requirements that apply to a rehabilitation project.
- The Rehab
Subcode is divided into parts that are quite different from the new construction
subcodes and must be understood if the Rehabilitation Subcode is to be
are three types of projects: Rehabilitation; Change of Use;
are four Categories of Rehabilitation: repair, renovation,
alteration, and reconstruction. They relate to the extent
of the work undertaken.
are five Sets of Requirements: products and practices; materials
and methods; new building elements; basic requirements;
and supplemental requirements that apply to the categories
of the rehab subcode in spurring urban revitalization and economic development
is well documented. Rehabilitation work in New Jersey's 16 largest cities
has increased 62.5 percent since 1997 before the code was adopted. Renovation
accounts for 43 cents of every construction dollar for projects authorized
with building permits in New Jersey.
and guidance are available from the Department of Community Affairs website
by following the link below.
Main Street is a comprehensive
revitalization program that promotes the historic and economic redevelopment
of traditional business districts in New Jersey. The Main Street program
provides selected New Jersey communities with technical assistance and training
of prooven value in revitalizing historic downtowns. The program helps municipalities
improve the economy, appearance and image of their central business districts
through the organization of local citizens and resources.
The New Jersey Historic
Trust currently provides support and protection for New Jersey's historic
resources through a variety of grant, loan, and property donation programs,
- Garden State
Historic Preservation Trust Fund. Grant funding through two programs
available to units of county or local government or qualified not-for-profit
Preservation Grants fund construction expenses related to
the preservation, restoration, and rehabilitation of historic properties
and associated architectural and engineering expenses. Level I Capital
Preservation Grants, for smaller "bricks and mortar" projects, range
from $5,000 to $50,000, while Level II grants range from $50,001 to
Site Management Grants fund activities that promote effective
site management at historic sites. These range from $5,000 to $50,000.
- The Historic
Preservation Bond Program. While the last of the Bond Program funds
was awarded in 1997, the Trust continues to administer grants for those
projects still under construction.
- Emergency Grant
and Loan Fund.
Limited seed funds for critically needed work on endangered historic resources.
- Revolving Loan
fund provides long-term, low-interest loans for acquisition, preservation,
rehabilitation or restoration of historic properties.
Easement Program. Ensures the preservation of privately held properties
in perpetuity through the use of deed restrictions.
- New Jersey Legacies
Program. The Trust accepts donations of real estate through a joint
venture with the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
More information about
the Trust and current funding opportunities are available from the Trust's
website by following the link below.
The Save America's
Treasures program provides grants for preservation and/or conservation
work on nationally significant intellectual and cultural artifacts and nationally
significant historic structures and sites. Intellectual and cultural artifacts
include artifacts, collections, documents, monuments and works of art. Historic
structures and sites include historic districts, sites, buildings, structures
and objects. The
grants are administered by the National Park Service in partnership with
the National Endowment for the Arts, and are awarded through a competitive
selection process. Grants require a dollar-for-dollar non-Federal match.
Save America's Treasures website for additional information.
Also see NCSHPO 2007
Also see NCSHPO 2008
Preserve America is an Administration initiative that encourages and supports community efforts to preserve and enjoy our priceless cultural and natural heritage. The goals of the initiative include a greater shared knowledge about the nation’s past, strengthened regional identities and local pride, increased local participation in preserving the country’s cultural and natural heritage assets, and support for the economic vitality of our communities. Detailed information on all aspects of this initiative can be found at www.preserveamerica.gov.